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The Political Economy of Marine Fisheries Development in Peru, Chile and Mexico

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 May 2000

Instituto Nacional de la Pesca, Mexico
Department of Economics, University of Portsmouth
Department of Economics, University of Portsmouth


Latin American fish production has expanded significantly in recent years. Unfortunately, as management systems in the three major Latin American fish producing countries have not developed at the same pace, all three countries now experience problems of overfishing and industrial overcapitalisation. This article examines the distinctive national fisheries development programmes that have led to this ‘tragedy of the oceans’. By comparing and contrasting the Peruvian, Chilean and Mexican management styles, it offers a critical assessment regarding the likely direction of future Latin American fisheries policy.

Research Article
© 2000 Cambridge University Press

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We would like to thank the following for their comments on earlier versions of this paper: Elaine Espino Barr, Jonathan Barton, Elizabeth Bennett, David Hojman, Raul Hopkins, Chris Kay, Arthur Neiland, Denise Stanley, Olivier Thebaud, Julio Peña- Torres, Michael Leo Weber, John Weeks, and two anonymous referees. Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Society for Latin American Studies Annual Conference (Liverpool, April 1998), the ACP-EU Fisheries Research Initiative ‘Ocean Food Webs and Economic Productivity’ Conference (Lisbon, July 1998) and the Ninth Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (Tromsø, July 1998). All errors remain the sole responsibility of the authors.