Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Death and Dying in Prison in Australia: National Overview, 1980–1998

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 January 2021

Extract

This paper discusses the role of the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) in monitoring inmate deaths in custody on a national basis. It also provides a descriptive overview of Australian Indigenous and non-Indigenous inmate deaths in custody during the eighteen-year period between 1980 and 1998.

In October 1987, the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody (RCIADIC) commenced investigating the deaths of Australia's Indigenous people in custody throughout Australia between January 1, 1980 and May 31, 1989. RCIADIC's task was to examine the circumstances of the deaths; the actions taken by authorities; and the underlying causes of Indigenous deaths in custody, including social, cultural, and legal factors. The investigation found that the major factor contributing to the high number of Indigenous deaths in custody was the disproportionately higher rates at which Indigenous people come into contact with the criminal justice system. RCIADIC concluded that the most significant reason for this contact was the severely disadvantaged social, economic, and cultural position of many Indigenous people.

Type
Article
Copyright
Copyright © American Society of Law, Medicine and Ethics 1999

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

See Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, National Report (Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service, Vol. 1, 1991).Google Scholar
See id. at Recommendations 6 & 41.Google Scholar
See Dalton, V., Australian Deaths in Custody & Custody-Related Police Operations 1997 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 80, 1998).Google Scholar
See Dalton, V., Female Deaths in Custody: A Statistical and Case History Study of the 57 Women who have died in Police and Prison Custody, Custody-related police Operations and Juvenile Detention, 1980–1996 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, forthcoming).Google Scholar
See. Walmsley, R., World Prison Population List (London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics No. 88, 1999).Google Scholar
See Dalton, V., Prison Deaths 1980–97: National Overview and State Trends (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 81, 1998).Google Scholar
See Biles, D. and McDonald, D., eds., Deaths in Custody, Australia 1980–1989 (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1992).Google Scholar
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Prisoners in Australia, 1998: A Report Prepared for the Corrective Services Ministers' Council by the National Corrective Services Statistics Unit (Melbourne: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1999) [hereinafter Prisoners in Australia, 1998]; and Australian Bureau of Statistics, National Correctional Statistics: Prisons, March Quarter 1996 to September Quarter 1997, Issues No. 3-9, Reports prepared for the Corrective Services Ministers' Council by the National Correctional Services Statistics Unit (Melbourne: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1997 & 1998).Google Scholar
See Dalton, V. and Carcach, C., Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC), Five Years On: Implementation of Commonwealth Government Responses to the Recommendations of the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody Annual/Five Year Report 1996–97, Vols. 1–3 (Canberra: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, Vol. 1, 1997); and Walker, J. and McDonald, D., The Over-Representation of Indigenous People in Custody in Australia (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 47, 1995).Google Scholar
See Prisoners in Australia, 1998, supra note 9; Australian Bureau of Statistics, Estimated Resident Population by Sex and Age: States and Territories of Australia (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS No. 3201.0, 1997); Australian Bureau of Statistics, Prisoners in Australia, 1996, A report prepared for the Corrective Services Ministers' Council by the National Correctional Services Statistics Unit (Melbourne: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1997); and Australian Bureau of Statistics, Experimental Projections of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Population: June 1991 to June 2001 (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS No. 3231.0, 1996).Google Scholar
See Prisoners in Australia, 1998, supra note 9.Google Scholar
See Grant, A., Elderly Inmates (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 115, 1999).Google Scholar
See Bhatia, K. and Anderson, P., An Overview of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health: Present status and future Trends. An information paper (Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 1995).Google Scholar
See Prisoners in Australia, 1998, supra note 9.Google Scholar
See Biles, and McDonald, supra note 8; Liebling, A., Suicides in Prison (London: Routledge, 1992); Green, C. et al., “A Study of 133 Suicides among Canadian Federal Prisoners,” Medicine, Science & Law, 33 (1993): 121–27; and Haycock, J., “Comparative Suicide Rates in Different Types of Involuntary Confinement,” Medicine, Science & Law, 33 (1993): 128–38.Google Scholar
Australian Bureau of Statistics, Causes of Death 1997 (Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1998).Google Scholar
See Morrison, S., “Custodial Suicide in Australia: A Comparative Study of Different Populations,” Medicine, Science & Law, 36 (1996): 167–77; and Liebling, supra note 16.Google Scholar
See Liebling, supra note 16.Google Scholar
See Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin, HIV in Prisons and Jails, 1995 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, NCJ 164260, Aug. 1997): at 1.Google Scholar
See Australian Medical Association, Press Release, “Prisoner Health Shocking; Reform Needed Urgently: AMA” (Oct. 18, 1998).Google Scholar
See Rosevear, W., “Heal Rather Than Punish,” Australian Medicine, 10, no. 9 (1998): 1213.Google Scholar
See Dalton, V., Prison Homicides (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 103, 1999).Google Scholar
See Biles, D., “Private Prisons—Welcome or Not?,” Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 29, no. 1 (1997): 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
See Biles, D. and Dalton, V., Deaths in Private Prisons 1990–99: A Comparative Study (Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 120, 1999).Google Scholar

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.

Hostname: page-component-76cb886bbf-tmbpq Total loading time: 0.238 Render date: 2021-01-24T10:00:43.136Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Death and Dying in Prison in Australia: National Overview, 1980–1998
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Death and Dying in Prison in Australia: National Overview, 1980–1998
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Death and Dying in Prison in Australia: National Overview, 1980–1998
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *