Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 72
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gácsi, Attila Kutus, Bence Kónya, Zoltán Kukovecz, Ákos Pálinkó, István and Sipos, Pál 2016. Estimation of the solubility product of hydrocalumite–hydroxide, a layered double hydroxide with the formula of [Ca2Al(OH)6]OH·nH2O. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 98, p. 167.


    Anbazhagan, Selvaganapathi Alagar, Muthukaruppan and Gnanasundaram, Periyannan 2011. Synthesis and characterization of organic-inorganic hybrid clay filled and bismaleimide—siloxane modified epoxy nanocomposites. International Journal of Plastics Technology, Vol. 15, Issue. S1, p. 30.


    Raquez, Jean-Marie Nabar, Yogaraj Narayan, Ramani and Dubois, Philippe 2011. Preparation and characterization of maleated thermoplastic starch-based nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 122, Issue. 1, p. 639.


    Sahu, Balakrushna and Pugazhenthi, G. 2011. Properties of polystyrene/organically modified layered double hydroxide nanocomposites synthesized by solvent blending method. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 120, Issue. 4, p. 2485.


    Kerboua, N. Cinausero, N. Sadoun, T. and Lopez-Cuesta, J. M. 2010. Effect of organoclay in an immiscible poly(ethylene terephtalate) waste/poly(methyl methacrylate) blend. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, p. NA.


    Chang, Chi-Jung Wu, Meng-Wei and Wu, Chia-Ming 2009. Effect of chemical structure and shear force on the morphology and properties of jet printed black micropatterns using imide epoxy binders. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 111, Issue. 3, p. 1391.


    Chatterjee, Uma Jewrajka, Suresh K. and Guha, Suparna 2009. Dispersion of functionalized silver nanoparticles in polymer matrices: Stability, characterization, and physical properties. Polymer Composites, Vol. 30, Issue. 6, p. 827.


    Goswami, Monojoy and Sumpter, Bobby G. 2009. Effect of polymer-filler interaction strengths on the thermodynamic and dynamic properties of polymer nanocomposites. The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 130, Issue. 13, p. 134910.


    Premkumar, S. Karikal Chozhan, C. and Alagar, M. 2009. Organoclay-filled caprolactam-blocked methylenediphenyl diisocyanate-toughened epoxy interpenetrating network matrices. Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 747.


    Zhang, Yujie Zhang, Daohong Qin, Chuangye and Xu, Jingwei 2009. Physical and mechanical properties of dental nanocomposites composed of aliphatic epoxy resin and epoxidized aromatic hyperbranched polymers. Polymer Composites, Vol. 30, Issue. 2, p. 176.


    Liang, Yurong Cao, Weiliang Li, Zhao Wang, Yiqing Wu, Youping and Zhang, Liqun 2008. A new strategy to improve the gas barrier property of isobutylene–isoprene rubber/clay nanocomposites. Polymer Testing, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 270.


    Oral, Ayhan Shahwan, Talal and Güler, Çetin 2008. Synthesis of poly-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate–montmorillonite nanocomposite via in situ atom transfer radical polymerization. Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 23, Issue. 12, p. 3316.


    Raquez, Jean-Marie Narayan, Ramani and Dubois, Philippe 2008. Recent Advances in Reactive Extrusion Processing of Biodegradable Polymer-Based Compositions. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Vol. 293, Issue. 6, p. 447.


    Bizarria, Maria T. M. Giraldi, André L. F. de M. de Carvalho, Cesar M. Velasco, Jose I. d'Ávila, Marcos A. and Mei, Lucia H. I. 2007. Morphology and thermomechanical properties of recycled PET–organoclay nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 104, Issue. 3, p. 1839.


    Lin, Qinghuang Cohen, Stephen A. Gignac, Lynne Herbst, Brian Klaus, David Simonyi, Eva Hedrick, Jeffrey Warlaumont, John Lee, Hae-Jeong and Wu, Wen-li 2007. Low dielectric constant nanocomposite thin films based on silica nanoparticle and organic thermosets. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 45, Issue. 12, p. 1482.


    Maharsia, Rahul R. and Jerro, Harlan D. 2007. Enhancing tensile strength and toughness in syntactic foams through nanoclay reinforcement. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 454-455, p. 416.


    Nagendiran, S. Premkumar, S. and Alagar, M. 2007. Mechanical and morphological properties of organic–inorganic, hybrid, clay-filled, and cyanate ester/siloxane toughened epoxy nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 106, Issue. 2, p. 1263.


    Tseng, Chun-Hao Hsueh, Huai-Bin and Chen, Chuh-Yung 2007. Effect of reactive layered double hydroxides on the thermal and mechanical properties of LDHs/epoxy nanocomposites. Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 67, Issue. 11-12, p. 2350.


    Czímerová, A. Bujdák, J. and Dohrmann, R. 2006. Traditional and novel methods for estimating the layer charge of smectites. Applied Clay Science, Vol. 34, Issue. 1-4, p. 2.


    Maharsia, Rahul Gupta, Nikhil and Jerro, H. Dwayne 2006. Investigation of flexural strength properties of rubber and nanoclay reinforced hybrid syntactic foams. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 417, Issue. 1-2, p. 249.


    ×
  • Journal of Materials Research, Volume 7, Issue 9
  • September 1992, pp. 2599-2611

Synthesis of nanocomposites: Organoceramics

  • Phillip B. Messersmith (a1) and Samuel I. Stupp (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1992.2599
  • Published online: 01 January 2011
Abstract

We report here on the synthesis of new materials termed organoceramics in which polymers are molecularly dispersed within inorganic crystalline phases. These nanocomposite materials may not only have unique morphologies and physical properties but may also lead to new processing methods for ceramic-based materials. In organoceramics polymer molecules could opportunistically occupy sites such as grain boundaries or other two-dimensional defects, nanopores, lattice channels, or interlamellar spaces. Our synthetic approach to get macromolecules to those sites is to nucleate and grow inorganic crystals from homogeneous solutions containing the polymer chains as co-solutes. The new materials discussed in this manuscript were synthesized by growing calcium aluminate crystals in the presence of water soluble polymers and were characterized by x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy. The macromolecules used in organoceramic synthesis included poly(vinyl alcohol), poly(dimethyldiallyl ammonium chloride), and poly(dibutyl ammonium iodide). We found that the chemistry of polymer repeats can impact on the spatial distribution of the dispersed organic chains and also on the morphology of organoceramic powders. In the case of the poly(vinyl alcohol) organoceramic the polymer is intercalated in “flattened” conformations in Ca2Al(OH)6[X] ·nH2O, thus increasing the distance between ionic layers from 7.9 Å to ∊ 18 Å (X is a monovalent or divalent anion). Such a layered nanocomposite can be formed only by intercalating the poly(vinyl alcohol) during growth of the Ca2Al(OH)6[X] · nH2O crystal. The synthetic pathway is therefore able to overcome large entropic barriers and incorporate significant amounts of polymer in the organoceramic product, in some cases up to 38% by weight. The particles of this nanocomposite are spheroidal aggregates of thin plate crystals whereas the use of a polycationic polymer in the synthesis leads to rod-like particles in which organic chains may reside in channels of the inorganic crystal.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.B. Constantz and S. Weiner , J. Exp. Zool. 248, 253258 (1988).

2.S. Mann , Nature 332, 119124 (1988).

3.S. Mann , J. Inorg. Biochem. 28, 363371 (1986).

4.P. Calvert and S. Mann , J. Mater. Sci. 23, 38013815 (1988).

6.B. Tieke , Adv. Polym. Sci. 71, 79151 (1985).

7.M. Farina , G. Audisio , and G. Natta , Macromolecules 5, 617 (1972).

11.A.J. Rembaum , Macromol. Sci., Chem. 3, 8799 (1964).

14.C.E. Tilley , Miner. Mag. 23, 607615 (1934).

15.F.G. Butler , L. S. Dent Glasser , and H.F.W. Taylor , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42, 121126 (1959).

17.D.M.C. MacEwan , Trans. Faraday Soc. 44, 349367 (1948).

18.W.F. Bradley , J. Am. Chem. Soc. 67, 975981 (1945).

22.W.W. Emerson and M. Raupach , Aust. J. Soil Res. 2, 4655 (1964).

25.K. Norrish and J.P. Quirk , Nature 173, 255256 (1954).

27.D.J. Greenland , J. Colloid Sci. 18, 647664 (1963).

29.C.W. Bunn , Nature 161, 929930 (1948).

34.H.F.W. Taylor , Min. Mag., 377389 (1973).

38.G.W. Sears , J. Chem. Phys. 29, 979983 (1958).

39.E. R. McCartney and A. E. Alexander , J. Colloid Sci. 13, 3833961958).

40.S. Sarig and F. Kahana , J. Cryst. Growth 35, 145152 (1976).

41.J.D. Birchall and R.J. Davey , J. Cryst. Growth 54, 323329 (1981).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×