Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zárate, R.A. and Fuenzalida, V.M. 2004. Titanium monoxide ultra-thin coatings evaporated onto polycrystalline copper films. Vacuum, Vol. 76, Issue. 1, p. 13.


    Diebold, Ulrike 2003. The surface science of titanium dioxide. Surface Science Reports, Vol. 48, Issue. 5-8, p. 53.


    Guo, Hansheng and Souda, R. 2002. Morphology of KI Adsorbates on Si(111) and Si(100) Surfaces. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 92, Issue. 11, p. 6621.


    Tanner, R.E. Goldfarb, I. Castell, M.R. and Briggs, G.A.D. 2001. The evolution of Ni nanoislands on the rutile TiO2(110) surface with coverage, heating and oxygen treatment. Surface Science, Vol. 486, Issue. 3, p. 167.


    Chen, D.A. Bartelt, M.C. Hwang, R.Q. and McCarty, K.F. 2000. Self-limiting growth of copper islands on TiO2(110)-(1×1). Surface Science, Vol. 450, Issue. 1-2, p. 78.


    Smith, Jack and Bonnell, D. 2000. Determination of the TiO2 (110) (2×3) surface structure via a parametric approach to STM image simulation. Physical Review B, Vol. 62, Issue. 7, p. 4720.


    Bonnell, D.A. Liang, Y. Wagner, M. Carroll, D. and Rühle, M. 1998. Effect of size dependent interface properties on stability of metal clusters on ceramic substrates. Acta Materialia, Vol. 46, Issue. 7, p. 2263.


    Bonnell, Dawn A. 1998. Local Structure and Properties of Oxide Surfaces: Scanning Probe Analyses of Ceramics. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 81, Issue. 12, p. 3049.


    Thiên-Nga, L. and Paxton, A. T. 1998. Electronic structure of5dtransition metals adsorbed on the stoichiometric (110) rutile surface. Physical Review B, Vol. 58, Issue. 19, p. 13233.


    ×

The Thermal Stability of Thin Copper Films Deposited on TiO2(110) Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

  • D. L. Carroll (a1), M. Wagner (a2), M. Rühle (a2) and D. A. Bonnell (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1997.0138
  • Published online: 01 January 2011
Abstract

The morphology of Cu thin films is strongly dependent on the temperature of the substrate during and after deposition. Films grown at temperatures between 300 °C and 400 °C form clusters distributed in close packed domains and isolated clusters across the surface. Increased substrate temperatures result in cluster shape evolution indicative of mass flow and sintering. Deposition of Cu at substrate temperatures higher than 500 °C results in a completely different morphology of the film and the suppression of cluster formation. Annealing these Cu films to temperatures of 700 °C allows the system to relax into an equilibrium state characterized by large facets in the film and large areas of exposed surface. These observations are discussed in terms of basic thermodynamic data for bulk Cu oxidation and surface tensions for this system.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.Q. Guo and P. J. Møller , Surf. Sci. 244, 228 (1991).

4.E. I. Altman and R. Gorte , J. Cat. 110, 191196 (1988).

5.H. Onishi , T. Aruga , C. Egawa , and Y. Iwasawa , Surf. Sci. 199, 5466 (1988).

8.A. K. See and R. A. Bartynski , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 10, 25912632 (1992).

9.Z. Zhang and V. E. Henrich , Surf. Sci. 277, 263272 (1992).

12.H. Onishi , T. Aruga , C. Egawa , and Y. Iwasawa , Surf. Sci. 233, 261268 (1990).

13.C. C. Kao , S. C. Tsai , M. K. Bahl , Y. W. Chung , and W. J. Lo , Surf. Sci. 95, 114 (1980).

15.K. Tamura , U. Bardi , and Y. Nihei , Surf. Sci. 216, 209221 (1989).

16.H. R. Sadeghi and V. E. Henrich , Surf. Sci. 19, 330340 (1984).

17.H. R. Sadeghi and V. E. Henrich , J. Cat. 109, 111 (1988).

18.J-M. Pan , U. Diebold , J. Zhang , and T. E. Madey , Surf. Sci. 295, 411 (1993).

19.P. J. Møller and M. C. Wu , Surf. Sci. 224, 265276 (1989).

20.M. C. Wu and P. J. Møller , Surf. Sci. 224, 250264 (1989).

21.M. C. Wu and P. J. Møller , Surf. Sci. 235, 228234 (1990).

22.U. Diebold , J-M. Pan , and T. E. Madey , Phys. Rev. B 47, 3868 (1993).

23.Y. Liang , D. L. Carroll , and D. A. Bonnell , Structure and Properties of Interfaces in Ceramics, edited by D. Bonnell , M. Rühle , and U. Chowdhry (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 357, Pittsburgh, PA, 1995), p. 3.

24.L. S. Dake and R. J. Lad , Surf. Sci. 289, 297 (1993).

25.D. L. Carroll , Y. Liang , and D. A. Bonnell , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 12, 2298 (1994).

28.D. Novak , E. Garfunkel , and T. Gustafsson , Phys. Rev. B, Rapid Comm. 50, 5000 (1994).

30.J. A. Nieminen and K. Kaski , Phys. Rev. A 40, 2088 (1989).

32.G. S. Bales , R. Bruinsma , E. A. Eklung , R. P. U. Karunasiri , J. Rudnick , and A. Zangwill , Science 249, 264 (1990).

33.L. Golubovic and R. Bruinsma , Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 321 (1991).

36.S. H. Overbury , P. A. Bertrand , and G. A. Somorjai , Chem. Rev. 75, 547 (1975).

37.P. Lu and F. Cosandey , Interface Sci. 2, 169 (1990).

38.Y. W. Chung , W. J. Lo , and G. A. Somorjai , Surf. Sci. 64, 588 (1977).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×