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2. German Retrospect

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S. Beljahow communicated to the Psychiatric Association of St. Petersburg his observations on four brains of senile dements (“Neurologisches Centralblatt,” No. 3, 1887). Three of these subjects were women. The weights of the brains were 1030, 1035, 1080, and 1100 grammes. Their ages ran from 64 to 75 years. The pathological alterations were similar in all the four cases. There was hardening of the cranial bones; in some cases the diploe had entirely disappeared. The dura mater was found united with the cranium; there was also pachymeningitis hæmorrhagica. The pia mater was thickened, and when detached from the cortex brought away a portion of matter with it. The convolutions were slender; the fissures wider than usual; the cortical portion of the brain diminished in thickness; the vessels of the base of the brain, especially the basilar carotids and the arteries of the Sylvian fissure, were sclerosed and their walls in some places calcified.

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The British Journal of Psychiatry
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  • EISSN: 2514-9946
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2. German Retrospect

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