This study is founded on the examination of 120 tramps who reached the asylum from the workhouse of Kislau. Most of them had been on the road for many years; only twelve were women. All but twenty-two had at some time found themselves in prison, and in some cases there had been over one hundred convictions. Considerable stress is placed on the influence of alcohol in moulding the lives of tramps. It usually acts slowly, with increasing dislike of work, loss of will-power, and moral depravity, together with stupid well-being; the irritability and tendency to criminality which have often been marked in adolescence give place to resignation and habits of begging; these alcoholic tramps easily adapt themselves to the routine of the workhouse, and delirium is rare; only when alcohol has produced chronic mental weakness or prolonged insanity do these cases reach the asylum; this occurred in seven cases.
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