In this issue, Dr. Ranniger, of Sonnestein Asylum, concludes his study of the pathological lie, publishing another clinical observation bearing on the symptom. The patient, a man æt. 35, was mentally unstable from youth; at twenty-four years of age he had, apparently as a result of syphilis, an attack of apoplexy with left hemiplegia, followed by an outbreak of mania; eight years later he had another apoplectic attack of the same kind, but less severe. On admission to Sonnestein, his condition was one of mental debility without active symptoms; some weeks later, he became irritable and refractory, and developed a faculty for exuberant lying, manifested chiefly in letters to his relatives. In these letters, he made calumnious statements about his wife, his father, and other relations; he imparted false and disagreeable items of news about himself, and he referred to imaginary correspondents, from whose letters and his replies thereto he quoted freely. These fictions had not the character of an organised delirium—the patient's rôle in them, notably, was quite subsidiary; moreover he repeatedly admitted that his statements were deliberate falsehoods.
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