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The Probelem of Senegambia

  • Peter Robson

Extract

The last few years have been notable in Africa for the many attempts which have been made to bring about economic integration, on the one hand through political regroupings, on the other by various kinds of economic associations between fully sovereign states. At present, the number of ‘political’ integrations is small. One of the most important recent examples, the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, was broken up in 1963 after a life of ten years. The Federations in former French West and Equatorial Africa did not survive the independence of their constituent territories. In fact, about the only examples of this kind of integration at present are Cameroun, Somalia, and EthiopiaEritrea.

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Page 393 note 1 This Monetary Union currently includes Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal. Its currency is the C.F.A. franc (Communauté financière africaine) which is freely convertible into French francs.

Page 393 note 2 Senegambia, including much of what is now Gambia and Senegal, was the name of a British colony which existed from 1765 to 1783.

Page 396 note 1 This figure is based on calculations of the Economic Adviser, since no detailed estimates are available.

Page 396 note 2 C.F.A. francs have been converted to sterling at the official rate of exchange of 696 to £I. The C.F.A. franc, however, is overvalued, and this should be borne in mind in comparing these figures.

Page 396 note 3 In Gambia, only groundnuts are exported; but in Senegal, shelled groundnuts and oil are of roughly equal importance.

Page 398 note 1 United Nations, Report on the Alternatives of Association between the Gambia and Senegal (New York, 1964); also published by the Government of Gambia as Sessional Paper No. I3 of 1964 (Bathurst)

Page 399 note 1 Food and Agricultural Organisation, A Report to the Governments of Gambia and Senegal: integrated agricultural development in the Gambia River Basin (Rome, 1964).

Page 401 note 1 For a useful discussion of these effects, see Myrdal, G., Economic Theory and Under-developed Regions (London, 1963 edn.).

Page 402 note 1 See U.N.E.C.A., Natural Resources Newsletter (Addis Ababa), 5, 1965.

Page 404 note 1 See Report on the Economic Development of Zanzibar (Zanzibar, 1962), pp. 910.

Page 405 note 1 See Prime Minister's Speech at Opening Session of House of Representatives on I July 1964, in Gambia News Bulletin (Bathurst), 9 07 1964.

Page 406 note 1 See Gambia News Bulletin, 9 July 1964.

* Professor of Economics, University College, Nairobi.

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The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-278X
  • EISSN: 1469-7777
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