Bandura, A. (1999). Moral disengagement in the perpetration of inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 193–209.
Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G.V., & Pastorelli, C. (2002). Mechanisms of moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Moral Education, 31, 101–119.
Barnes, J.A., Boissevain, J., & Mitchell, J.C. (1975). Network analysis: studies in human interaction. American Journal of Sociology, 26, 67–71.
Bedford, O. (2011). Guanxi-building in the workplace: A dynamic process model of working and backdoor guanxi. Journal of Business Ethics, 104, 149–158.
Bell, D. (2000). Guanxi: A nesting of groups. Current Anthropology, 41, 132–138.
Bian, Y. (1997). Bringing strong ties back in: Indirect ties, network bridges, and job searches in China. American Sociological Review, 62, 366–385.
Buchanan, J., Tullock, G., & Tollison, R. (1983). Toward a theory of the rent-seeking society. Public Choice, 41, 339–345.
Buckley, P.J., Clegg, J., & Tan, H. (2006). Cultural awareness in knowledge transfer to China — The role of guanxi and mianzi. Journal of World Business, 41, 275–288.
Cameron, L., Chaudhuri, A., Erkal, N., & Gangadharan, L. (2009). Propensities to engage in and punish corrupt behavior: Experimental evidence from Australia, India, Indonesia and Singapore. Journal of Public Economics, 93, 843–851.
Chen, X.P., & Chen, C.C. (2004). On the intricacies of the Chinese guanxi: A process model of guanxi development. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 21, 305–324.
Chib, A., Phuong, T.K., Si, C.W., & Hway, N.S. (2013). Enabling informal digital guanxi for rural doctors in Shaanxi, China. Chinese Journal of Communication, 6, 62–80.
Chou, L.F., Cheng, B.S., Huang, M.P., & Cheng, H.Y. (2006). Guanxi networks and members’ effectiveness in Chinese work teams: Mediating effects of trust networks. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 9, 79–95.
Coffey, A., & Atkinson, P. (1996). Making sense of qualitative data: Complementary research strategies. Sage Publications, Inc.
Dai, C. (2013). Corruption and anti-corruption in China: Challenges and countermeasures. In Rothlin, S. & Haghirian, P. (Eds.), Dimensions of teaching business ethics in Asia (pp. 61–76). Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Deng, X., Zhang, L., & Leverentz, A. (2010). Official corruption during China's economic transition: Historical patterns, characteristics, and government reactions. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 26, 72–88.
Fei, X. (1992). From the soil: The foundations of Chinese society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Feng, Q., Xu, Y., Long, Y., & Zhang, M. (2015). Allocation of social resources ‘kidnapped’ by the sense of renqing guilt. Journal of Beijing Normal University [in Chinese], (4), 423–428.
Galletta, A., & Cross, W.E. Jr. (2013). Mastering the semi-structured interview and beyond: From research design to analysis and publication. Thorax, 13, 222–228.
Goel, R.K., & Rich, D.P. (1989). On the economic incentives for taking bribes. Public Choice, 61, 269–275.
Guo, Y., & Li, S. (2015). Anti-corruption measures in China: Suggestions for reforms. Asian Education and Development Studies, 4, 7–23.
Han, R. (2016). Discussion on relationship between guanxi and corruption in China. British Journal of Economics, Management & Trade, 14, 1–9.
He, Z. (2000). Corruption and anti-corruption in reform China. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 33, 243–270.
Ho, D.Y.F. (1976). On the concept of face. American Journal of Sociology, 81, 867–884.
Hsieh, H.F., & Shannon, S.E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15, 1277–1288.
Hu, H.C. (1944). The Chinese concepts of ‘face’. American Anthropologist, 46, 45–64.
Huberman, A.M., & Miles, M.B. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Huntington, S.P., & Fukuyama, F. (1968). Political order in changing societies: America vs. Europe: New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Hwang, K.K. (1978). The dynamic processes of coping with interpersonal conflicts in a Chinese society. Proceedings of the National Science Council, 2, 198–208.
Hwang, K.K. (1987). Face and favor: The Chinese power game. American Journal of Sociology, 92, 944–974.
Hwang, K.K. (2001). The deep structure of confucianism: A social psychological approach. Asian Philosophy, 11, 179–204.
Hwang, K.K. (2012a). The construction of the face and favor model. New York: Springer.
Hwang, K.K. (2012b). Foundations of Chinese psychology: Confucian social relations. New York: Springer.
Hwang, K.K. (2015a). Cultural system vs. pan-cultural dimensions: Philosophical reflection on approaches for indigenous psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 45, 2–25.
Hwang, K.K. (2015b). Culture-inclusive theories of self and social interaction: The approach of multiple philosophical paradigms. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 45, 40–63.
Kriz, A., Gummesson, E., & Quazi, A. (2013). Methodology meets culture: Relational and guanxi-oriented research in China. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 14, 27–46.
Lambsdorff, J.G. (2002a). Corruption and rent-seeking. Public Choice, 113, 97–125.
Lambsdorff, J.G. (2002b). Making corrupt deals: contracting in the shadow of the law. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 48, 221–241.
Li, L. (2011). Performing bribery in China: Guanxi-practice, corruption with a human face. Journal of Contemporary China, 20, 1–20.
Lu, L. (2012). Guanxi and renqing: The roles of two cultural norms in Chinese business. International Journal of Management, 29, 466–476.
Liao, X.H. (2009). Thoughts on preventing and punishing corruption and enhancing construction of party spirit, conduct and discipline. Journal of Shaanxi Administration School [in Chinese], 23, 78–80.
Liu, B., & Ditto, P.H. (2013). What dilemma? Moral evaluation shapes factual belief. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 316–323.
Liu, J.H.F., Yeh, K.H., Wu, C.W., Liu, L., & Yang, Y. (2015). The importance of gender and affect in the socialization of adolescents’ beliefs about benevolent authority: Evidence from Chinese indigenous psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 18, 101–114.
Mill, J.S. (1966). On liberty. In A selection of his works (pp. 1–147). London: Macmillan Education UK.
Mishra, A. (2004). Corruption: A review. Journal of Economic Surveys, 15, 71–121.
Montesquieu, C.D.S. (1794). The spirit of laws (vol. 2). P. Dodesley.
Schramm, M., & Taube, M. (2003, September). On the co-existence of guanxi and a formal legal system in the PR China — An institutionalist approach. In Proceedings of International Society for New Institutional Economics, 7th Annual Conference.
Sedikides, C., Campbell, W.K., Reeder, G.D., & Elliot, A.J. (1998). The self-serving bias in relational context. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 74, 378–386.
Servaes, J. (2016). Guanxi in intercultural communication and public relations. Public Relations Review, 42, 459–464.
Service, R.W. (2009). [Review of the book Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory by J. Corbin & A. Strauss]. Organizational Research Methods, 12, 614–617.
Stemler, S. (2001). An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 7, 137–146.
Strauss, A.L. (1987). Qualitative analysis for social scientists. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Sun, Z., & Yang, L. (2016). How do anti-corruption efforts affect public perception of corruption? — Evidence from Guangdong province in China. Journal of Public Administration [in Chinese with English summary], (3), 89–107.
Ting, G. (1997). Forms and characteristics of China's corruption in the 1990s: Change with continuity. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 30, 277–288.
Wang, P. (2014). Extra-legal protection in China: How Guanxi distorts China's legal system and facilitates the rise of unlawful protectors. British Journal of Criminology, 54, 809–830.
Wang, P. (2016). Military corruption in China: The role of guanxi in the buying and selling of military positions. The China Quarterly, 228, 970–991.
Wedeman, A. (2004). The intensification of corruption in China. The China Quarterly, 180, 895–921.
Wedeman, A. (2012). Double paradox: Rapid growth and rising corruption in China. Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press.
Wei, C.F., & Hwang, K.K. (1998). Positive duties and negative duties: A cross-cultural comparison of moral judgement between Taiwanese and American college students. Chinese Journal Psychology (in Traditional Chinese), 40, 137–153.
Weiss, R.S. (1995). Learning from strangers: The art and method of qualitative interview studies. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Wu, M. (2016). An analysis of traditional cultural factors' influences on anti-corruption in China. Journal of Beijing College of Politics & Law [in Chinese with English summary], (1), 106–109.
Xu, Y. (2011, July). Psychological kidnap: A new model of corruption process in China. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology, Yunnan.
Yang, Y. (1995). Analysis of interpersonal relationship and its classification-discussion with Mr. Hwang Kwang Kuo. Sociological Research [in Chinese], (5), 18–23.
Yang, Z., & Wang, C.L. (2011). Guanxi as a governance mechanism in business markets: Its characteristics, relevant theories, and future research directions. Industrial Marketing Management, 40, 492–495.
Yu, O. (2008). Corruption in China's economic reform: A review of recent observations and explanations. Crime, Law and Social Change, 50, 161–176.
Zhai, X. (2005). Reproduction of renqing, mianzi and power [in Chinese]. Beijing, China: Peking University Press.
Zhan, J.V. (2012). Filling the gap of formal institutions: The effects of Guanxi network on corruption in reform-era China. Crime, Law and Social Change, 58, 93–109.