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Early Miocene marine ostracodes from southwestern India: implications for their biogeography and the closure of the Tethyan Seaway

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 September 2020

Moriaki Yasuhara
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Yuanyuan Hong
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Skye Yunshu Tian
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Wing Ki Chong
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Rachel Wai Ching Chu
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Hisayo Okahashi
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science, The University of Hong Kong, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China
Markus Reuter
Affiliation:
Institute of Geophysics and Geology, Leipzig University, Talstraße 35, 04103Leipzig, Germany
Werner E. Piller
Affiliation:
Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Graz, NAWI Graz Geocenter, Heinrichstrasse 26, 8010Graz, Austria
Mathias Harzhauser
Affiliation:
Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Natural History Museum Vienna, Burgring 7, 1010Vienna, Austria

Abstract

Twenty-six genera and 34 species of early Miocene Indian shallow-marine ostracodes were examined for taxonomy and paleobiogeography. A new genus Paractinocythereis and new species Costa ponticulocarinata were described. Early Miocene Indian ostracode fauna shows strong affinity to Eocene–Miocene Eastern and Western Tethyan ostracode faunas and Miocene–Recent Indo-Pacific ostracode fauna, supporting the Hopping Hotspot Hypothesis that the Tethyan biodiversity hotspot has shifted eastward through Arabia to Indo-Australian Archipelago (IAA) together with concomitant biogeographic shifts of the Tethyan elements. The result also indicated an inverse westward distributional shift in a genus. It is important to note that Paleogene and Miocene shallow marine ostracodes from the IAA region remain poorly investigated, and more fossil ostracode data are needed to better test the Hopping Hotspot Hypothesis.

UUID: http://zoobank.org/d1e29249-8c5b-49bf-a47a-5f18e1fc4426

Type
Memoir
Copyright
Copyright © 2020, The Paleontological Society

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