Skip to main content

A late Permian to early Triassic bivalve fauna from the Dongpan Section, southern Guangxi, South China

  • Weihong He (a1), Qinglai Feng (a1), Elizabeth A. Weldon (a1), Songzhu Gu (a1), Youyan Meng (a1) (a2), Fan Zhang (a1) and Shunbao Wu (a1)...

A bivalve fauna from the Permian—Triassic interval of the Dongpan section, Guangxi, South China is described herein. This bivalve fauna includes 16 species belonging to 10 genera. New taxa are Euchondria fusuiensis, Palaeoneilo qinzhouensis, and Claraia liuqiaoensis. Bed 12 of the interval (Talung Formation) contains the typical late Late Permian ammonoids: Huananoceras sp., Laibinoceras cf. L. compressum Yang, and Qiangjiangoceras sp. Bed 13 (Luolou Formation) contains typical Early Triassic bivalves Claraia dieneri Nakazawa, C. cf. C. wangi (Patte), and C. griesbachi (Bittner), which coexist with the earliest Triassic ammonoid Ophiceras sp. The bivalve and ammonoid distributions at the Dongpan section indicate that bed 12 should be assigned to the Late Permian, and bed 13 should be assigned to the Early Triassic. From the early Changhsingian to the Induan, the byssal notches of Claraia species tend to become progressively narrower, and change from being ventrally extended to being horizontally extended. The species level diversity of Claraia also increases through this interval.

Hide All
Adams, H. and Adams, H. 1858. The Genera of Recent Mollusca. London. Volume 2, 661 p.; Volume 3, pls. 1–136.
Bittner, A. 1891. Triaspetrefakten von Balia in Kleinasien. Jahrb. K. K. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 41(1):97116.
Bittner, A. 1899. Trias Brachiopoda and Lamellibranchiata. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologia Indica, series 15, Himalayan Fossils, 3(2):176, pls. 1–12.
Bittner, A. 1901. Lamellibranchiaten aus der Trias des Bakonyer Waldes. Resultate der Wissenschaftenlichen Erforschung des Balatonsees. Palaeontologie 2, 107 p.
Deflandre, G. 1952. Albaillella nov. gen., Radiolaire fossile du Carbonifère inférieur, type d'une lignée aberrante éteinte. Paris: Académie des Sciences, series 2, 234:872874.
Erwin, D. H. 1993. The Great Paleozoic Crisis: Life and Death in the Permian. Columbia University Press, New York, 278 p.
Erwin, D. H. 1994. The Permo—Triassic extinction. Nature, 367:231236.
Fang, Z. 1993. On “Claraia“ (Bivalvia) of late Permian. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 32(6):653661. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Fang, Z. 2003. Discussion on the study of the genera Claraia and Claraioides (Bivalvia) of late Permian age. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 42(4):613619. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Frech, F. 1911. Abschliessende Palaeontologische Bearbeitung der Sammlungen F. von Richthofens, die Untersuchung Weiterer Fossiler Reste aus den von ihm Bereisten Provinzen Sowie den Entwurf Einer Erdgeschichtlichen Uebersicht China's, p. 1195. In Richthofen, F. F. (ed.), China Ergebnisse Eigener Reisen and Darauf Gegründeter Studien, 5.
Gao, Y., Yang, F., and Peng, Y. 2004. Significance of Claraia from the Late Permian of South Guizhou, China. Alcheringa, 28:469476.
Gu, Z., Yang, Z., Xu, J., Yin, Z., Yu, J., Zhao, J., Lu, Y., and Hou, Y. 1957. Lamellibranchiata, Chinese Guide Fossil (Invertebrate). Geological Publishing House, Beijing, p. 173204, pl. 104–120. (In Chinese)
Guo, F. 1985. Fossil Bivalves of Yunnan. Yunnan Science and Technology Publishing House, Kunming, p. 149150, pl. 10, figs. 1–9. (In Chinese)
Hall, J. 1869. Preliminary Notice of the Lamellibranchiate Shells of the Upper Helderberg, Hamilton and Chemung Groups, with Others from the Waverly Sandstones, Pt. 2, New York State Museum, Albany, 97 p.
Hauer, F. V. 1851. Über die von Herrn Bergrat W. Fuchs in den Venetianer Alpen gesammelten Fossilien. Denkschriften der kaiserl Akademie der Wissenschaften Wien, 2:109126.
He, W., Shen, S., Feng, Q., and Gu, S. 2005. A late Changhsingian (Late Permian) deepwater brachiopod fauna from the Talung Formation at the Dongpan Section, southern Guangxi, South China. Journal of Paleontology, 79(5):927938.
Hsü, D. Y. 1937. New study on Early Triassic marine fossil from South China. Bulletin of Geological Society of China, 16:303346.
Hsü, D. Y. 1938. New material on Triassic fossil from South China. Geology Review, 3(2):105118.
Ichikawa, K. 1958. Zur taxionomie und Phylogenie der Triadischen “Pteriidae” (Lamellibranch). Palaeontographica, A(111):131212.
Kozur, H., Mostler, H., and Rahimi-Yazd, A. 1975. Beiträge zur Mikrofauna permotriadischer Schichtfolgen Teil II: Neue Conodonten aus dem Oberperm und der basalen Trias von Nord- und Zentraliran. Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck, 5(3):123.
Leonardi, P. 1935. Trias inferiore delle Venezie. Memorie degli Instituti di Geologia e Minoralogia dell' Univestita di Padova, 136 p.
Li, L. 1995. Evolutionary change of bivalves from Changhsingian to Griesbachian in South China. Acta Palaeotologica Sinica, 34(3):350369. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Ling, Q. 1988. Triassic bivalve fauna in Zhen'an area of east Qinling Mts. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 27(5):615628. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Liu, L. 1964. Notes on some marine Early Triassic Lamellibranchiata from East Tsinling, southern Shangxi (Shensi). Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 12(2):312324. (In Chinese with English abstract)
McAlester, A. L. 1969. Family Malletiidae, p. N231N335. In Moore, R. C. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Mollusa 6, Pt. N, Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
Meek, F. B. and Hayden, F. V. 1864. Paleontology of the Upper Missouri; Invertebrates. Smithsonian Institution, Contribution Knowledge, Washington, DC, 14, art. 5, 135 p.
Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology. 1976. Lamellibranch Fossils of China. Science Press, Beijing, 522 p. (In Chinese)
Nakazawa, K. 1977. On Claraia of Kashmir and Iran. Journal of the Paleontological Society of India, 20:191204.
Nakazawa, K. and Runnegar, B. 1973. The Permian—Triassic Boundary: a crisis for bivalves? p. 608621. In Logan, A. and Hills, L. V. (eds.), The Permian and Triassic Systems and Their Mutual Boundary. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 2.
Newell, N. D. 1938 (1937). Late Paleozoic Pelecypods: Pectinacea. State Geological Survey of Kansas, 10(1):123 p.
Newell, N. D. and Boyd, D. W. 1995. Pectinoid bivalves of the Permian—Triassic crisis. Bulletin of American Museum of National History, 227:95 p.
Patte, E. 1935. Fossiles paléozoiques et mésozoiques du Sud-Ouest de la Chine. Paleontologia Sinica, series B, 15(2):128.
Rodland, D. L. and Bottjer, D. J. 2001. Biotic recovery from the end-Permian mass extinction: Behavior of the inarticulate brachiopod Lingula as a disaster taxon. Palaios, 16:95101.
Schubert, J. K. and Bottjer, D. J. 1995. Aftermath of the Permian—Triassic mass extinction event: Paleoecology of Lower Triassic carbonates in the western USA. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 116:139.
Sepkoski, J. J. 1981. A factor analytic description of the Phanerozoic marine fossil record. Paleobiology, 7(1):3653.
Wang, M. 1993. Bivalve fauna from uppermost Permian and lowermost Triassic of Fenghai, Yong'an, Fujian. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 32(4):458476. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Yang, F., Peng, Y., and Gao, Y. 2001. Study on the Late Permian Claraia in South China. Science in China (series D), 44:797807.
Yang, Z., Wu, S., Yin, H., Xu, G., and Zhang, K. 1991. Permo-Triassic Events of South China. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 183 p. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Yang, Z., Yin, H., Wu, S., Yang, F., Ding, M., and Xu, G. 1987. Permian—Triassic Boundary Stratigraphy and Fauna of South China. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 379 p. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Yin, H. 1982. Uppermost Permian (Changxingian) Pectinacea from South China. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia, 88(3):337386.
Yin, H. 1985a. Bivalves near the Permian—Triassic boundary in South China. Journal of Paleontology, 59(3):572600.
Yin, H. 1985b. On Hunanopecten . Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 24:635639. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Yin, H. 1990. Paleogeographical distribution and stratigraphical range of the Lower Triassic Claraia, Pseudoclaraia and Eumorphotis (Bivalva). Journal of China University of Geosciences, 1(1):98110.
Yin, H., Zhang, K., Tong, J., Yang, Z., and Wu, S. 2001. The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Permian—Triassic boundary. Episodes, 24(2):102114.
Zhang, R. 1977. Bivalvia, p. 473533. In Geological Institute of Centro-Southern China (ed.), Paleontological Atlas of Centro-Southern China, 2 (Upper Paleozoic Fossils). Geological Press, Beijing. (In Chinese)
Zhang, K., Yin, H., and Wu, S. 1989. The catastrophic event-group at the Permian—Triassic boundary and its effects on mass extinction. Symposium of the 3rd Congress on Relationships Among Cosmos-Earth-Organisms. China Science and Technology Press, Beijing, p. 8286. (In Chinese)
Zhang, Z. 1980. On the ligament area, systematic position and evolutionary relationship of Claraia . Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 19(6):433443. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao, J., Sheng, J., Yao, Z., Liang, X., Chen, C., Rui, L., and Liao, Z. 1981. The Changhsingian and the Permian—Triassic Boundary in South China. Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology Bulletin, 2:157. (In Chinese with English abstract)
Zhao, J., Liang, X., Zou, X., Lai, C., and Zhang, R. 1965. Cephalopoda Fossils of China. Science Press, Beijing, 389 p. (In Chinese)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed