Skip to main content Accessibility help

Scolecodont systematics exemplified by the polychaete Hadoprion cervicornis (Hinde, 1879)

  • Mats Eriksson (a1) and Claes F. Bergman (a2)


Hadoprion cervicornis (Hinde, 1879) from the Upper Ordovician and Lower Silurian (Cincinnatian to Medinian) replaces four generic and eight specific names: Arabellites cervicornis, A. aciculatus, Oenonites acinaces, Ildraites horridus, I. laeohorridus, I. cervicornis, Nereidavus hamus, and N. alatus. This example illustrates the advantages of a nomenclature in accordance with the ICZN. The authors reject the use of parataxonomy for fossil jawed polychaetes.



Hide All
Bassler, R. S. 1915. Bibliographic index of American Ordovician and Silurian fossils. In Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum Bulletin, 92(1-2), 1521 p.
Bengtson, S. 1985. Taxonomy of disarticulated fossils. Journal of Paleontology, 59:13501358.
Bergman, C. F. 1979. Polychaete jaws, p. 92102. In Jaanusson, V.Laufeld, S. and Skoglund, R. (eds.), Lower Wenlock Faunal and Floral Dynamics—Vattenfallet Section, Gotland. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 762, 294.
Bergman, C. F. 1989. Silurian paulinitid polychaetes from Gotland. Fossils and Strata, 25; 128.
Bergman, C. F. 1991. Revision of some Silurian paulinitid scolecodonts from western New York. Journal of Paleontology, 65:248254.
Bergman, C. F. 1995. Symmetroprion spatiosus (Hinde), a jawed polychaete showing preference for reef environments in the Silurian of Gotland. GFF, 117:143150.
Bergström, S. M., and Sweet, W. C. 1966. Conodonts from the Lexington Limestone (Middle Ordovician) of Kentucky and its lateral equivalents in Ohio and Indiana. Bulletins of American Paleontology. 50(229):269441.
Boyer, P. S. 1975. Polychaete jaw apparatus from the Devonian of Central Ohio. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 20:425435.
Corradini, D., and Olivieri, R. 1974. Langeites siciliensis n. sp., a polychaete jaw apparatus from the Permo-Carboniferous of northwestern Sicily. Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 13:156163.
Dales, R. P. 1963. Annelids. Hutchinson University Library, London. 200 p.
Edgar, D. R. 1984. Polychaetes of the Lower and Middle Paleozoic: A multi-element analysis and a phylogenetic outline. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 43:255284.
Ehlers, E. 1868. Über eine fossile Eunicee aus Solenhofen (Eunicites aviatus), nebst Bemerkungen über fossile Würmer überhabt. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 18:421443.
Eller, E. R. 1940. New Silurian scolecodonts from the Albion Beds of the Niagara Gorge, New York. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 28:946.
Eller, E. R. 1942. Scolecodonts from the Erindale, Upper Ordovician, at Streetsville, Ontario. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 29:241270.
Eller, E. R. 1945. Scolecodonts from the Trenton Series (Ordovician) of Ontairo, Quebec, and New York. Annals of the Carnegie Museum. 30:119212.
Eller, E. R. 1967. A review of Hinde's annelid jaws from the Cincinnatian of Canada. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 39:115124.
Eriksson, M. 1996. Taxonomy and palaeoecology of some labidognathid polychaetes from the Lower Silurian of Gotland. GFF, Jubilee Issue, 118:A59.
Eriksson, M. 1997. Lower Silurian polychaetaspid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden. GFF, 119:213230.
Eriksson, M. 1998. Dubichaetaspis bergmani gen. et sp. n., a facies controlled polychaete from the Silurian of Gotlund, Sweden. GFF, 120:2125.
Gries, J. P. 1935. Ordovician scolecodonts. Unpublished , , 44 p.
Hay, H., Kirchner, B., and Cuffey, R. J. In press. “Excello” to basal Saluda strata on Indiana Rt 1 at South Gate Hill. In Davies, R. A., and Cuffey, R. J. (eds.), Sampling the layer cake that isn't. The stratigraphy and paleontology of the “Type Cincinnatian”. Field Trip Guidebooks, 1992 Annual Meeting, Geological Society of America.
Hinde, G. J. 1879. On annelid jaws from the Cambro-Silurian, Silurian and Devonian Formations in Canada and from the Lower Carboniferous in Scotland. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 35:370389.
Hinde, G. J. 1880. On annelid jaws from the Wenlock and Ludlow Formations of the West of England. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 36:368378.
Hinde, G. J. 1882. On annelid remains from the Silurian strata of the Isle of Gotland. Bihang till Kungliga Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, 7(5):328.
Hinde, G. J. 1896. On the jaw-apparatus of an annelid (Eunicites reidiae sp. nov.) from the Lower Carboniferous of Halkin Mountain, Flintshire. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 52:438450.
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 1985. 3rd edition, International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. London. 338 p.
James, U. P. 1884. On conodonts and fossil annelid jaws. The Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History, 7:143149.
Jansonius, J., and Craig, J. H. 1971. Scolecodonts: 1. Descriptive terminology and revision of systematic nomenclature. 11. Lectotypes, new names for homonyms, index of species. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 19:251302.
Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1966. Polychaete jaw apparatuses from the Ordovician and Silurian of Poland and comparison with modern forms. Palaeontologia Polonica, 16:1152.
Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1968. Scolecodonts versus jaw apparatuses. Lethaia, 1:3949.
Kozur, H. 1970. Zur Klassifikation und phylogenetischen Entwicklung der fossilen Phyllodocida und Eunicida (Polychaeta). Freiberger Forschungshefte, C260:3581.
Kozur, H. 1972. Die Bedeutung der triassischen Scolecodonten insbesondere für die Taxonomie und Phylogenie der fossilen Eunidica. Hat sich die Synthese vom “orthotaxonomischen” und “parataxonomischen” System in der Praxis bewährt? Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft der Geologie-und Bergbaustudenten, 21:745776.
Lange, F. W. 1947. Annelidos poliquetos dos folhelhos devonianos do Parana. Arquivos do Museu Paranaense, 6:161230. [English translation 1949] Polychaete annelids from the Devonian of Parana, Brazil. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 33: 5–103.
Parks, W. A., and Fritz, M. 1922. The stratigraphy and paleontology of Toronto and vicinity. Part III, Gastropoda, Cephalopoda and Vermes. Annual report-Ontario Department of Mines, 31(9):145.
Rhodes, F. H. T., and Austin, R. L. 1981. Natural assemblages of elements: interpretation and taxonomy, p. W6878. In Robinson, R. A. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Pt. W, Supplement 2, Conodonta. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
Schopf, T. J. M. 1966. Conodonts of the Trenton Group (Ordovician) In New York, Southern Ontario, and Quebec. In New York State Museum and Science Service Bulletin, 405, 105 p.
Shimer, H. W., and Shrock, R. R. 1944. Index fossils of North America. In The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New York. John Wiley and Sons, 837 p.
Šnajdr, M. 1951. On Errant Polychaeta from the Lower Paleozoic of Bohemia. Sborník of the Geological Survey of Czechoslovakia, 18:241296.
Sweet, W. S. 1988. The Conodonta: Morphology, Taxonomy, Paleoecology, and Evolutionary History of a Long-Extinct Animal Phylum. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 212 p.
Sweet, W. S., and Bergstr, S. M.öm. 1972. Multielement taxonomy and Ordovician conodonts. Geologica et Palaeontologica, SB 1:2942.
Szaniawski, H. 1974. Some Mesozoic scolecodonts congeneric with recent forms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 19:179199.
Szaniawski, H. 1996. Scolecodonts, p. 337354. In Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D. C. (eds.), Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Volume 1.
Szaniawski, H., and Imajima, M. 1996. Hartmaniellidae—living fossils among polychaetes. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 41:111125.
Szaniawski, H., and Wrona, R. 1973. Polychaete jaw apparatuses and scolecodonts from the Upper Devonian of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 18:223267.
Tasch, P., and Stude, J. R., 1965. A scolecodont natural assemblage from the Kansas Permian. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 67:646658.
Taugordeau, PH., 1978. Les Scolécodontes dispersés. Cahiers de micropaléontologie, 2:1106.
Underhay, N. K., and Williams, S. H. 1995. Lower Ordovician scolecodonts from the Cow Head Group, western Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 32:895901.
Webers, G. F. 1966. The Middle and Upper Ordovician conodont faunas of Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey, Special Publication Series, SP-4:1133.
Wolf, G. 1980. Morphologische Untersuchungen an den Kieferapparaten einiger rezenter und fossiler Eunicoidea (Polychaeta). Senckenbergiana maritima, 12:1/4:1182.
Zawidzka, K. 1975. Polychaete remains and their stratigraphic distribution in the Muschelkalk of southern Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 25:257274.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Scolecodont systematics exemplified by the polychaete Hadoprion cervicornis (Hinde, 1879)

  • Mats Eriksson (a1) and Claes F. Bergman (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.