Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Taxonomic discussion of the scolecodont genera Nereidavus Grinnell, 1877, and Protarabellites Stauffer, 1933 (Annelida: Polychaeta)

  • Mats Eriksson (a1)
Abstract

The scolecodont genera Nereidavus Grinnell, 1877, and Protarabellites Stauffer, 1933, have been used for several different fossil polychaete taxa over the years. Nereidavus is here considered a nomen dubium, as the holotype of the type species is lost and the original information is insufficient for identification. Protarabellites is reevaluated and constitutes, besides Ramphoprion, a second genus in the family Ramphoprionidae. The “paratype” of N. varians (named Ramphoprion sp. in this paper), and the holotype of P. humilis are redescribed.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Bergman, C. F. 1979. Polychaete jaws, p. 92102. In Jaanusson, V., Laufeld, S., and Skoglund, R. (eds.), Lower Wenlock Faunal and Floral Dynamics—Vattenfallet Section, Gotland. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C C 762, 294 p.
Bergman, C. F. 1989. Silurian paulinitid polychaetes from Gotland. Fossils and Strata, 25:1128.
Bergman, C. F. 1991. Revision of some Silurian paulinitid scolecodonts from western New York. Journal of Paleontology, 65:248254.
Dales, R. P. 1963. Annelids. Hutchinson University Library, London, 200 p.
Edgar, D. R. 1984. Polychaetes of the Lower and Middle Paleozoic: A multi-element analysis and a phylogenetic outline. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology, 43:255284.
Eller, E. R. 1945. Scolecodonts from the Trenton series (Ordovician) of Ontario, Quebec, and New York. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 30:119212.
Eller, E. R. 1963. Scolecodonts from the Sheffield Shale, Upper Devonian of Iowa. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 36:159172.
Eriksson, M. 1997. Lower Silurian polychaetaspid polychaetes from Gotland, Sweden. GFF, 119:213230.
Eriksson, M., and Bergman, C. F. 1998. Scolecodont systematics exemplified by the polychaete Hadoprion cervicornis (Hinde, 1879). Journal of Paleontology 72:477485.
Grinnell, G. B. 1877. Notice of a new genus of annelids from the Lower Silurian. American Journal of Science and Arts, 14:229230.
Gries, J. P. 1935. Ordovician scolecodonts. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, Chicago, 44 p.
Hinde, G. J. 1879. On annelid jaws from the Cambro-Silurian, Silurian and Devonian Formations in Canada and from the Lower Carboniferous in Scotland. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 35:370389.
Hints, O. 1998a. Revision of the Ordovician and Silurian ramphoprionid polychaetes from Severnaya Zemlya, Russian arctic. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, 47:7785.
Hints, O. 1998b. Late Viruan (Caradoc) polychaete jaws from North Estonia and the St. Petersburg region. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 43:471516.
Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms, p. W3W65. In Moore, R. C. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Pt. W, Miscellanea, Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 1985. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature (third edition). London. 338 p.
Jansonius, J., and Craig, J. H. 1971. Scolecodonts: I. Descriptive terminology and revision of systematic nomenclature; II Lectotypes, new names for homonyms, index of species. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 19:251302.
Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1962. New Ordovician genera of polychaete jaw apparatuses. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 7:291325.
Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. 1966. Polychaete jaw apparatuses from the Ordovician and Silurian of Poland and comparison with modern forms. Palaeontologia Polonica, 16, 152 p.
Kozur, H. 1970. Zur Klassifikation und phylogenetischen Entwicklung der fossilen Phyllodocida und Eunicida (Polychaeta). Freiberger Forschungshefte, C 260:3581.
Männil, R. M., and Zaslawskaya, N. M. 1985. Silurian polychaetes from northern Siberia [in Russian], p. 98119, 127–130. In Gudina, V. I. and Kanigin, A. V. (eds.), Palaeozoic Microfauna from Siberia with Surroundings. Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki SO AN SSSR, 615. Nauka, Novosibirsk.
Miller, S. A. 1889. North American geology and palaeontology. Mattocks, Cincinnati, 664 p.
Orensanz, J. M. 1990. The eunicemorph polychaete annelids from Antarctic and Subantarctic seas. Biology of the Antarctic seas 21, Antarctic Research Series, 52, 183 p.
Shimer, H. W., and Schrock, R. R. 1944. Index Fossils of North America. The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. New York, John Wiley and Sons, 837 p.
Stauffer, C. R. 1933. Middle Ordovician Polychaeta from Minnesota. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 44:11731218.
Szaniawski, H. 1974. Some Mesozoic scolecodonts congeneric with recent forms. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 19:179199.
Szaniawski, H. 1996. Scolecodonts, p. 337354. In Jansonius, J. and McGregor, D. C. (eds.), Palynology: Principles and Applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, Volume 1.
Szaniawski, H., and Wrona, R. 1973. Polychaete jaw apparatuses and scolecodonts from the Upper Devonian of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 18:223267.
Ward, D. J. 1983. Addition to the fish fauna of the English Palaeogene. 4. A new batoid genus from the Bracklesham Group of Selsea, Sussex. Tertiary Research, 5:105114.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Paleontology
  • ISSN: 0022-3360
  • EISSN: 1937-2337
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-paleontology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed