Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Establishing the Psychometric Properties of an Interactive, Self-Regulation Assessment Battery for Young Offenders

  • Annemaree Carroll (a1), Francene Hemingway (a1), Adrian Ashman (a1) and Julie Bower (a1)

This research investigated the reliability and validity of the Mindfields Assessment Battery (MAB), measuring three components of self-regulation (forethought, performance control, self-reflection) of young offenders. Participants were 57 12- to 18-year-olds from youth justice service centres, alternative education schools, and a youth correctional facility (Nmales = 46; NIndigenous = 7). Psychometric properties of the battery were sound with adequate alpha levels for the scales. The factor structure and internal reliability of three measures were replicated and validated. Positive significant correlations found between these subscales indicated consistent relationships with young people's responses to challenging situations. Prodelinquency scores were significantly positively correlated with minor misdemeanours and negatively correlated with social competency. Significant positive correlations were found between social competence and goal commitment, and self-regulation and life satisfaction. The battery provides a reliable, valid way of assessing forethought, performance control, self-reflection, and treatment amenability within the conceptual framework of self-regulation.

Corresponding author
address for correspondence: Associate Professor Annemaree Carroll, The University of Queensland, School of Education, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia. Email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M. Arthur , J. Briney , J. Hawkins , R. Abbott , B. Brook-Weiss , & R. Catalano (2007). Measuring risk and protection in communities using the Communities that Care Youth Survey. Evaluating and Program Planning, 30, 197211.

K.B. Carey , D.J. Neal , & S.E. Collins (2004). A psychometric analysis of the self-regulation questionnaire. Addictive Behaviors, 29, 253260.

A. Carroll , K. Durkin , J. Hattie , & S. Houghton (1997). Goal setting among adolescents: A comparison of delinquent, at-risk, and not-at-risk youth. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89, 441450.

A. Carroll , K. Durkin , S. Houghton , & J. Hattie (1996). An adaptation of Mak's Self-reported Delinquency Scale for Western Australian adolescents. Australian Journal of Psychology, 48, 17.

A. Carroll , F. Hemingway , J. Bower , A. Ashman , S. Houghton , & K. Durkin (2006). Impulsivity in juvenile offenders: Differences among early-onset, late-onset and non-offenders. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 519529.

A. Carroll , S. Houghton , K. Durkin , & J. Hattie (2009). Adolescent reputations and risk: Developmental trajectories to delinquency. New York: Springer.

L.J. Cronbach (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16, 297334.

A. Day (2009). Offender emotion and self-regulation: Implications for offender rehabilitation programming. Psychology, Crime, and Law, 15, 119130.

B. Donohue , G. Teichner , N. Azrin , N. Weintraub , T.A. Crum , L. Murphy , & N.C. Silver (2003). Initial reliability and validity of the life satisfaction scale for problem youth in a sample of drug abusing and conduct disordered youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 12, 453464.

N. Eisenberg , I.K. Guthrie , R.A. Fabes , M. Reiser , B.C. Murphy , R. Holgren , . . . S. Losoya (1997). The relation of regulation and emotionality to resiliency and competent social functioning in elementary school children. Child Development, 68, 295311.

S.B. Eysenck , & B.J. McGurk (1980). Impulsiveness and venturesomeness in a detention centre population. Psychological Reports, 47, 12991306.

D.P. Farrington (1990). Implications of criminal career research for the prevention of offending. Journal of Adolescence, 13, 93113.

T. Gardner , T. Dishion , & A. Connell (2008). Adolescent self-regulation as resilience: Resistance to antisocial behavior within the deviant peer context. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 273284.

L. Gideon (2010). Drug offenders’ perception of motivation: The role of motivation in rehabilitation and reintegration. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 54, 597610.

R. Glaser , Van M. Horn , M. Arthur , J. Hawkins , & R. Catalano (2005). Measurement properties of the Communities that Care Youth Survey across demographic groups. Journal of Qualitative Criminology, 21, 73102.

J.F. Hemphill , & A.J. Howell (2000). Adolescent offenders and stages of change. Psychological Assessment, 12, 371381.

S.A. Hemphill , J.W. Toumborou , T.I. Herrenkohl , B.J. McMorris , & R.F. Catalano (2006). The effect of school suspensions and arrests on subsequent adolescent antisocial behavior in Australia and the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39, 736744.

R.D. Hoge , & D.A. Andrews (1996). Assessing the youthful offender: Issues and techniques. New York: Plenum Press.

G.P. Kuperminc , J.P. Allen , & M.W. Arthur (1996). Autonomy, relatedness, and male adolescent delinquency: Toward a multidimensional view of social competence. Journal of Adolescent Research, 11, 397420.

B.J. Leadbeater , I. Hellner , J.P. Allen , & J.L. Aber (1989). Assessment of interpersonal negotiation strategies in youth engaged in problem behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 25, 465472.

G.D. Logan , R.J. Schachar , & R. Tannock (1997). Impulsivity and inhibitory control. Psychological Science, 8, 6066.

E.C.E. Magar , L.H. Phillips , & J.A. Hosie (2008). Self-regulation and risk taking. Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 153159.

E.A. McConnaughy , C.C. DiClemente , J O. Prochaska , & W.F. Velicer (1989). Stages of change in psychotherapy: A follow-up report. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 26, 494503.

G. Melnick , G. De-Leon , J. Hawke , N. Jainchill , & D. Kressel (1997). Motivation and readiness for therapeutic community treatment among adolescents and adult substance abusers. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 23, 485506.

D.J. Neal , & K.B. Carey (2005). A follow-up psychometric analysis of the self-regulation questionnaire. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 414422.

G.L. Page , & M.J. Scalora (2004). The utility of locus of control for assessing juvenile amenability to treatment. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9, 523534.

J.O. Prochaska , & C.C. DiClemente (1982). Transtheoretical therapy: Toward a more integrative model of change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 19, 276288.

M.L. Rodriguez , W. Mischel , & Y. Shoda (1989). Cognitive person variables in the delay of gratification of older children at risk. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 358367.

D. Schunk (2008). Metacognition, self-regulation, and self-regulated learning: Research recommendations. Educational Psychology Review, 20, 463467.

J.L. Skeem , & J. Monahan (2011). Current directions in violence risk assessment. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 3842.

N. Slesnick , S. Bartle-Haring , G. Erdem , H. Budde , A. Letcher , D. Bantchevska , & R. Patton (2009). Troubled parents, motivated adolescents: Predicting motivation to change substance use among runaways. Addictive Behaviors, 34, 675684.

A.P. Thompson , & Z. Pope (2005). Assessing juvenile offenders: Preliminary data for the Australian adaptation of the youth level of service/case management inventory. Australian Psychologist, 40, 207214.

L.L. Thompson , E.A. Whitmore , K.M. Raymond , & T.J. Crowley (2006). Measuring impulsivity in adolescents with serious substance and conduct problems. Assessment, 13, 315.

A.P. Thompson , & A.L. Putnins (2003). Risk-need assessment invenotires for juvenile offenders in Australia. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 10, 324333.

M.J. Vitacco , C.S. Neumann , A.A. Robertson , & S.L. Durrant (2002). Contributions of impulsivity and callousness in the assessment of adjudicated male adolescents: A prospective study. Journal of Personality Assessment, 78, 87103.

J.L. White , T.E. Moffitt , A. Caspi , D.J. Bartusch , D.J. Needles , & M. Stouthamer-Loeber (1994). Measuring impulsivity and examining its relationship to delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103, 192205.

B.J. Zimmerman (2000). Attaining self-regulation: A social cognitive perspective. In M. Boekaerts , P.R. Pintrich & M. Zeidner (Eds.), The Handbook of Self-Regulation (pp. 1339). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

B.J. Zimmerman (2008). Investigating self-regulation and motivation: Historical background, methodological developments, and future prospects. American Educational Research Journal, 45, 166183.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools
  • ISSN: 2055-6365
  • EISSN: 2055-6373
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-psychologists-and-counsellors-in-schools
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 9 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 81 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.