Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Prompt Dependency Beyond Childhood: Adults With Asperger's Syndrome and Intimate Relationships

  • Bronwyn Wilson (a1), Wendi Beamish (a1), Stephen Hay (a1) and Tony Attwood (a2)

Abstract

Many children on the autism spectrum are dependent on prompts provided by adults for staying on-task, completing activities and transitioning between activities in the home, school and community environments (Bryan & Gast, 2000; Milley & Machalicek, 2012). Yet, prompt dependency beyond childhood has received little attention. This study explored the possibility that prompt dependency also applies to adults diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome (AS) when interacting with their neurotypical partner. In-depth interviews with nine couples (ages ranging from 29 to 69) were used to explore intimate relationships between partners in order to determine whether prompt dependency was evident. A grounded theory research strategy was applied to analyse interview data. Data analysed through constant comparison coding supported the hypothesis that adults with AS in the sample showed prompt dependency in their interactions with their partners. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed.

Copyright

Corresponding author

ADDRESS FOR CORRESPONDENCE: Bronwyn Wilson, Griffith University Mount Gravatt Campus, 176 Messines Ridge Road, Mount Gravatt QLD 4122, Australia. Email: bronwyn.wilson@griffithuni.edu.au

References

Hide All
Abbott, L. (2006). Northern Ireland head teachers’ perceptions of inclusion. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 10, 627643. doi:10.1080/13603110500274379
Aston, M. (2001). The other half of Asperger syndrome: A guide to living in a relationship with a partner who has Asperger Syndrome. London: The National Autistic Society.
Aston, M. (2003). Aspergers in love. Couple relationships and family affairs. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Aston, M. (2012). Asperger syndrome in the bedroom. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 27, 7379. doi:10.1080/14681994.2011.649253
Attwood, T. (2007). The complete guide to Asperger's syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Barnhill, G.P. (2007). Outcomes in adults with Asperger syndrome. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 22 (2), 116126.
Batten, A. (2005). Inclusion and the autism spectrum. Improving Schools, 8, 9396. doi:10.1177/1365480205049341
Bazeley, P. (2013). Qualitative data analysis: Practical strategies. London: Sage.
Berney, T. (2004). Asperger syndrome from childhood into adulthood. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 10, 341351. doi:10.1192/apt.10.5.341
Bostock-Ling, J.S., Cumming, S.R., & Bundy, A. (2012). Life satisfaction of neurotypical women in intimate relationship with an Asperger's Syndrome partner: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Relationships Research, 3, 95105. doi:10.1017jrr.2012.9
Boutot, E.A., & Smith Myles, B.S. (2011). Autism spectrum disorders: Foundations, characteristics, and effective strategies. Boston, MA: Pearson.
Boyd, B. (2009). Appreciating Asperger syndrome: Looking at the upside — with 300 positive points. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Bresnahan, M., Li, G., & Susser, E. (2009). Hidden in plain sight. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38, 11721174. doi:10.1093/ije/dyp293
Bryan, L.C., & Gast, D.L. (2000). Teaching on-task and on-schedule behaviors to high-functioning children with autism via picture activity schedules. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 553567. doi:0162-3257/00/1200-0553$18.00/0
Chevallier, C., Kohls, G., Troiani, V., Brodkin, E.S., & Schultz, R.T. (2012). The social motivation theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 231239. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2012.02.007
Cho, J., & Trent, A. (2006). Validity in qualitative research revisited. Qualitative Research, 6, 319340. doi:10.1177/1468794106065006
Clements, J. (2005). People with autism behaving badly. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Cooper, J.O., Heron, T.E., & Heward, W.L. (2007). Applied behaviour analysis (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (1990). Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria. Qualitative Sociology, 13, 3.
Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational research: planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2005). The Sage handbook of qualitative research: London: Sage.
Dodd, S. (2005). Understanding autism. Sydney, Australia: Elsevier Australia.
Dubin, N. (2009). Asperger syndrome and anxiety. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Grigg, C. (2012). ASPIA's handbook for partner support: A collection of ASPIA's best information for the support of partners of adults with Asperger's syndrome. Sydney, Australia: Author.
Heath, H., & Cowley, S. (2004). Developing a grounded theory approach: A comparison of Glaser and Strauss. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 41, 141150. doi:10.1016/S0020-7489(03)00113-5
Hume, K., Loftin, R., & Lantz, J. (2009). Increasing independence in autism spectrum disorders: A review of three focused interventions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 13291338. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0751-2
Hutchison, A.J., Johnston, L.H., & Breckon, J.D. (2009). Using QSR‐NVivo to facilitate the development of a grounded theory project: an account of a worked example. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 13, 283302. doi:10.1080/13645570902996301
Jennings, S. (2005). Autism in children and parents: Unique considerations for family court professionals. Family Court Review, 43, 582595. doi:10.1111/j.1744-1617.2005.00057.x
Kendall, J. (1999). Axial coding and the grounded theory controversy. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 21, 743757. doi:10.1177/019394599902100603
Locke, L.F., Silverman, S.J., & Spirduso, W.W. (2010). Reading and understanding research (3rd ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Lovett, J.P. (2005). Solutions for adults with Asperger syndrome. Maximizing the benefits, minimizing the drawbacks to achieve success. Beverly, MA: Fair Winds Press.
MacDuff, G.S., Krantz, P.J., & McClannahan, L.E. (2001). Prompts and prompt-fading strategies for people with autism. In Morris, C., Green, G., & Fox, R.M. (Eds.), Making a difference: Behavioral intervention for autism (pp. 3750). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Mack, N., Woodsong, C., Macqueen, K.M., Guest, G., & Namey, E (2005). Qualitative research methods: A data collector's field guide. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International.
McGraw, P.C. (2000). Relationship rescue. New York: Hyperion.
McKay, M., Fanning, P., & Paleg, K. (1994). Couple skills: Making your relationship work. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Mesibov, G.B., Shea, V., & Schopler, E. (Eds.). (2004).The TEACCH approach to autism spectrum disorders. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.
Milley, A., & Machalicek, W. (2012, online first version). Decreasing students’ reliance on adults: A strategic guide for teachers of students with autism spectrum disorders. Intervention in School and Clinic. doi:10.1177/1053451212449739
Moreno, S., Wheeler, M., & Parkinson, K. (2012). The partner's guide to Asperger syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Meyer, R.N., Root, A., & Newland, L. (2003). Asperger syndrome grows up: Recognizing as adults in today's challenging world. Retrieved from http://www.aspires-relationships.com/Asperger_Syndrome_Grows_Up.pdf
Pearce, M., Gray, J., & Campbell-Evans, G. (2009). The inclusive secondary teacher: The leaders’ perspective. Australian Journal of Teacher Educational and Psychological Measurement, 34, 101119.
Rearn, A. (2010) Relationships and the importance of reciprocity. Retrieved from http://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/relationship-reciprocity/
Richards, L. (2009). Handling qualitative data: A practical guide (2nd ed.). London: Sage.
Rodman, K.E. (2003). Asperger's syndome and adults . . . Is anyone listening? London: Jessica Kingsley.
Rudy, L.J. (2013). What is neurotypical? Retrieved from http://autism.about.com/od/autismterms/g/neurotypical.htm
Ruppel, E.K., & Curran, M.A. (2012). Relational sacrifices in romantic relationships: Satisfaction and the moderating role of attachment. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29, 508529. doi:10.1177/0265407511431190
Shabani, D.B., Katz, R.C., Wilder, D.A., Beauchamp, K., Taylor, C.R., & Fischer, K.J. (2002). Increasing social initiations in children with autism: Effects of a tactile prompt. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 35, 7983. doi:10.1901/jaba.2002.35-79
Silverman, D. (2004). Interpreting qualitative data: Methods for analysing talk, text and interaction (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications.
Simpson, J.A., Collins, W.A., Tran, S., & Haydon, K. (2007). Attachment and the experience and expression of emotions in romantic relationships: A developmental perspective. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 92, 355367.
Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded theory methodology. In Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 273285). London: Sage.
Sternberg, R.J., & Williams, W.M. (2010). Educational psychology (2nd ed.). Columbus, OH: Pearson Education.
Tantam, D. (2000). Psychological disorder in adolescents and adults with Asperger syndrome. Autism, 4, 4762. doi:10.1177/1362361300004001004
Tantam, D. (2012). Autism spectrum disorders through the life span. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Timmerman, G.M. (1991). A concept analysis of intimacy. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 12 (1), 1930.
Turner, D.W. (2010). Qualitative interview design: A practical guide for novice investigators. The Qualitative Report, 15, 754760. doi:2073543361
Weigel, D.J., & Ballard-Reisch, D.S. (2012). Constructing commitment in intimate relationships: Mapping interdependence in the everyday expressions of commitment. Communication Research, 20, 122. doi:10.1177/0093650212440445
Wilson, T., Perry, M., Anderson, C.J., & Grosshandler, D. (2012). Engaging young students in scientific investigations: Prompting for meaningful reflection. Instructional Science, 40, 1946. doi:10.1007/s11251-011-9168-3

Keywords

Prompt Dependency Beyond Childhood: Adults With Asperger's Syndrome and Intimate Relationships

  • Bronwyn Wilson (a1), Wendi Beamish (a1), Stephen Hay (a1) and Tony Attwood (a2)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed