Amato, P. R. and Keith, B. (1991), ‘Parental divorce and adult well-being: a meta-analysis’, Journal Marriage and Family, 53: 1, 43–58.
Baron, R. M. and Kenny, D. A. (1986), ‘The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social-psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations’, Journal Personality and Social Psychology, 51: 1173–82.
Bradshaw, P. and Wasoff, F. (2009), Growing up in Scotland: Multiple Childcare Provision and its Effect on Child Outcomes, Research Findings No. 4/2009, Edinburgh: Scottish Government.
British Government (2010), Child Poverty Act 2010, London.
Brody, G. H. and Forehand, R. (1986), ‘Maternal perceptions of child maladjustment as a function of the combined influence of child behavior and maternal depression’, Journal Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54: 2, 237–40.
Cerezo, M. A. and Pons, G. (1996), ‘Ecosystem adversity as setting factors in mothers’ judgment of child behavior and indiscriminate mothering’, European Journal Psychological Assessment, 12: 2, 103–11.
Chase-Lansdale, P. L., Cherlin, A. J. and Kiernan, K. K. (1995), ‘The long-term effects of parental divorce on the mental health of young adults: a developmental perspective’, Child Development, 66: 1614–34.
Conway, E. (2010), ‘Poor cows or dangerous beasts? The representation of “underclass” women in broadsheet newspapers: media portrayals, political identity and policy’, Social Policy Association Annual Conference, July 2010, Lincoln, UK.
Crawford, J. R. and Henry, J. D. (2003), ‘The depression anxiety stress scales (DASS): normative data and latent structure in a large non-clinical sample’, British Journal Clinical Psychology, 42: 111–31.
CRFR (2011), Growing Up in Scotland Study, Centre for Research on Families and Relationships, Edinburgh University, http://www.crfr.ac.uk/gus/.
Cunningham-Burley, S., Carty, A., Martin, C. and Birch, A. (2005), Sure Start Scotland Mapping Exercise 2004, Report on the development and expansion of Sure Start Scotland services since 2001, Edinburgh: Scottish Executive.
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) (2009), Family Resources Survey 2007–2008, London: DWP.
Dronkers, J. (1994), ‘The changing effects of lone parent families on the educational attainment of their children in a European welfare state’, Sociology, 28 (1): 171–91.
Dumas, J. E. and Serketich, W. J. (1994), ‘Maternal depressive symptomatology and child maladjustment: a comparison of three process models’, Behavior Therapy, 25: 161–81.
Duncan, S. and Edwards, R. (1999), Lone Parents, Paid Work and Gendered Moral Rationalities, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dunn, J., Deater-Deckard, K., Pickering, K., O'Connor, T. G. and Golding, J. (1998), ‘Children's adjustment and prosocial behaviour in step-, single-parent, and non-stepfamily settings: findings from a community study’, Journal Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39: 8, 1083–95.
Ely, M., Richards, M., Wadsworth, M. and Elliott, B. (1999), ‘Secular changes in the association of parental divorce and children's educational attainment – evidence from three British birth cohorts’, Journal Social Policy, 28: 3, 437–55.
Ely, M., West, P., Sweeting, H. and Richards, M. (2000), ‘Teenage family life, life chances, lifestyles and health: a comparison of two contemporary cohorts’, International Journal Law, Policy and the Family, 14: 1, 1–30.
Entwisle, D. R. and Alexander, K. L. (1995), ‘A parent's economic shadow: family structure versus family resources as influences on early school achievement’, Journal Marriage and Family, 57: 2, 399–409.
Ermisch, J. and Francesconi, M. (2000), ‘The increasing complexity of family relationships: life-time experience of lone motherhood and stepfamilies in Great Britain’, European Journal Population, 16: 3, 235–49.
Ermisch, J. and Francesconi, M. (2001), ‘Family structure and children's achievements’, Journal of Population Economics, 14: 2, 249–70.
Finn, D. and Gloster, R. (2010), Lone Parent Obligations: A Review of Recent Evidence on the Work-related Requirements within the Benefit Systems of Different Countries, Norwich: Department for Work and Pensions.
Giddings, L., Dingeldey, I. and Ulbricht, S. (2004), ‘The commodification of lone mothers’ labor: a comparison of US and German policies’, Feminist Economics, 10: 2, 115–42.
Goodman, A., Lamping, D. L. and Ploubidis, G. B. (2010), ‘When to use broader internalising and externalising subscales instead of the hypothesised five subscales on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): data from British parents, teachers and children’, Journal Abnormal Child Psychology, 38: 1179–91.
Goodman, A. and Goodman, R. (2011), ‘Population mean scores predict child mental disorder rates: validating SDQ prevalence estimators in Britain’, Journal Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52: 100–08.
Gregg, P., Washbrook, E., Propper, C. and Burgess, S. (2005), ‘The effects of a mother's return to work decision on child development in the UK’, Economic Journal, 115: 48–80.
Griest, D. L., Forehand, R., Wells, K. C. and McMahon, R. J. (1980), ‘An examination of differences between nonclinic and behavior-problem clinic-referred children and their mothers’, Journal Abnormal Psychology, 89: 3, 497–500.
Gross, D., Sambrook, A. and Fogg, L. (1999), ‘Behavior problems among young children in low-income urban daycare centers’, Research in Nursing and Health, 22: 15–25.
Handler, J. (2004), Social Citizenship and Workfare in the United States and Western Europe: The Paradox of Inclusion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hansen, K. and Hawkes, D. (2009), ‘Early childcare and child development’, Journal Social Policy, 38: 2, 211–39.
Haux, T. (2011), ‘Lone parents and the Conservatives: anything new?’, in Kilkey, M., Holden, C. and Ramia, G. (eds.), Social Policy Review, 23, Social Policy Association, Bristol: Policy Press.
Hutchings, J., Bywater, T., Daley, D., Gardner, F., Whitaker, C., Jones, K., Eames, C. and Edwards, R. T. (2007), ‘Parenting intervention in Sure Start services for children at risk of developing conduct disorder: pragmatic randomised control trial’, British Medical Journal, 334: 678–682.
Joshi, H., Cooksey, E. C., Wiggins, R. D., McCulloch, A., Verropoulou, G. and Clarke, L. (1999), ‘Diverse family living situations and child development: a multi-level analysis comparing longitudinal evidence from Britain and the United States’, International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 13: 3, 292–314.
Kiernan, K. E. (1992), ‘The impact of family disruption in childhood on transitions made in young adult life’, Population Studies, 46: 2, 213–34.
Kilkey, M. and Bradshaw, J. (1999), ‘Lone mothers, economic well-being, and policies’, in Sainsbury, D. (ed.), Gender and Welfare State Regimes, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, J. and Hobson, B. (1997), ‘Introduction’, in Lewis, J. (ed.), Lone Mothers in European Welfare Regimes: Shifting Policy Logics, London and Philadelphia, PA: J. Kingsley Publishers.
Lewis, J. (1999), ‘The “problem” of lone motherhood in comparative perspective’, in Clasen, J. (ed.), Comparative Social Policy: Concepts, Theories, and Methods, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Lewis, J. (2006), Children, Changing Families and Welfare States, Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
Lewis, J. (2011), ‘From Sure Start to children's centres: an analysis of policy change in English early years’ programmes’, Journal of Social Policy, 40: 1, 71–88.
Lovibond, S. H. and Lovibond, P. F. (1995), Manual for the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, Sydney: Psychology Foundation.
McMunn, A. M., Nazrooa, J. Y., Marmota, M. G., Borehamb, R. and Goodman, R. (2001), ‘Children's emotional and behavioural well-being and the family environment: findings from the Health Survey for England’, Social Science and Medicine, 53: 4, 423–40.
Millar, J. and Ridge, T. (2008), ‘Relationships of care: working lone mothers, their children and employment sustainability’, Journal of Social Policy, 38: 1, 103–21.
Millar, J. and Rowlingson, K. (eds.) (2001), Lone Parents, Employment and Social Policy: Cross-National Comparisons, Bristol: Policy Press.
Mulvaney, M. K., Mebert, C. J. and Flint, J. (2007), ‘Parental affect and childrearing beliefs uniquely predict mothers’ and fathers’ ratings of children's behavior problems’, Journal Applied Developmental Psychology, 28: 445–57.
Paton, G. (2007), ‘Working together: policy and practice in Scottish early childhood centres’, European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 15: 3, 441–54.
Plantenga, J., Remery, C., Siegel, M. and Sementini, L. (2008), ‘Childcare services in 25 European Union member states: the Barcelona targets revisited’, in Leira, A. and Saraceno, C. (eds.), Childhood: Changing Contexts, Comparative Social Research, 25: 27–53.
Rafferty, A. and Wiggins, J. (2011), ‘Choice and welfare reform: lone parent decision-making around paid work and family life’, Journal of Social Policy, 40: 2, 275–93.
Richards, L. N. and Schmiege, C. J. (1993), ‘Problems and strengths of single-parent families: implications for practice and policy’, Family Relations, 42: 3, 277–85.
Rose, D., Pevalin, D. J. and O'Reilly, K. (2005), The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification [NS-SEC], Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rowlingson, K. and McKay, S. (2005), ‘Lone motherhood and socio-economic disadvantage: insights from quantitative and qualitative evidence’, Sociological Review, 53: 1, 30–49.
Sammons, P., Elliot, K. and Sylva, K. (2004), ‘The impact of pre-school on young children's cognitive attainments at entry to reception’, British Educational Research Journal, 30: 5, 691–712.
Scottish Care Inspectorate (2011), Care Service List, Dundee: Scottish Care Inspectorate.
Scottish Executive (2000), Summary Results of the 1999–2000 Census of Pre-School Education Centres, Edinburgh.
Scottish Executive (2003), Summary Results of the 2003 Pre-School and Day Care Census, Statistics Publication Notice, Edinburgh.
Scottish Executive (2004), A Curriculum for Excellence, Curriculum Review Group, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2006), The Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation 2006: General Report, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2007), Growing Up in Scotland Research Findings No.2: Use of Childcare by Parents of Young Children, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2008), Scottish Government Urban Rural Classification 2007–2008, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2010a), Pre-school and Childcare Statistics 2010, Edinburgh.
Scottish Government (2010b), Child Poverty in Scotland: A Brief Overview of the Evidence, Edinburgh.
Singh, G. K. and Ghandour, R. M. (2012), ‘Impact of neighborhood social conditions and household socioeconomic status on behavioral problems among US children’, Maternal and Child Health Journal, DOI: 10.1007/s10995–012-1005-z.
Sylva, K., Melhuish, E., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I. and Taggart, B. (2004), The Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) Project: Findings from Pre-school to end of Key Stage 1, London: Institute of Education.
Thomson, E., Hanson, T. L. and McLanahan, S. S. (1994), ‘Family structure and child well-being: economic resources vs. parental behaviors’, Social Forces, 73: 1, 221–42.
Treanor, M. (2012), Impacts of Poverty on Children and Young People, Scottish Childcare and Protection Network Research Briefing, Edinburgh.
Vincent, C., Braun, A. and Ball, S. J. (2008), ‘Childcare, choice and social class: caring for young children in the UK’, Critical Social Policy, 28: 5, 5–26.
Wincott, D. (2006), ‘Paradoxes of New Labour social policy: toward universal childcare in Europe's “most liberal” welfare regime?’, Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, 13: 2, 286–312.
Winter, K. (2009), ‘Recent policy initiatives in early childhood and the challenges for the Social Work profession’, British Journal Social Work, 39: 1235–55.
Wright, S. (2012),‘Welfare-to-work, agency and personal responsibility’, Journal of Social Policy, 41:2, 309–29.