Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-78dcdb465f-nbrzn Total loading time: 0.603 Render date: 2021-04-16T15:47:09.637Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

The Records of the Former Japanese Army Concerning the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 April 2011

Midori Kawashima
Affiliation:
University of Shizuoka

Abstract

One field of study which still remains unexplored in connection with the Japanese occupation is to examine the Japanese army's view of events by using Japanese military records. This paper gives an outline of records relating to the occupation of the Philippines found at the Military Archives of the National Institute for Defense Studies in Tokyo, and discusses their historical significance.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The National University of Singapore 1996

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1 Apart from the Military Archives, some documents of the former Japanese Army concerning the Japanese occupation in the Philippines are also found at other Japanese institutions and private collections, although in a much smaller number. These include the Library of the Institute of Developing Economies (Ajia Keizai Kenkyujo Toshokan ), and the National Archives (Kokuritsu Kobunshokan ), both located in Tokyo.

2 In 1990, the Forum for the Survey of Records Concerning the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines was created in order to locate and collect materials and sources as well as to conduct research on the subject, sponsored by the Toyota Foundation. As a part of this project, I conducted research on the records of the former Japanese army at the Military Archives and compiled a Bibliography of Records concerning the Japanese occupation of the Philippines Found at the National Institute for Defense Studies. See ILCAA Southeast Asian Studies, No. 4 (Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, 1994) (in Japanese).

3 The Fourteenth and the Thirty-fifth Annies were dispatched to the Philippines.

4 National Institute for Defense Studies, The Thirty Year History of the National Institute for Defense Studies (Tokyo: National Institute for Defense Studies, 1984) (in Japanese), p. 102Google Scholar.

5 Several former Japanese army officers I interviewed said that they had carried with them huge wooden boxes containing documents when they were withdrawing from their garrisons into the mountains towards the end of the war, and that they had burnt all the documents they had been carrying at the last moment when the American troops were approaching them.

6 National Institute for Defense Studies, “Circumstances of the Returning of the Japanese Army and Navy Records”, in A List of Records of the Japanese Army and Navy, Microfilmed by the Americans, Office of Military History, National Institute for Defense Studies (Tokyo: National Institute for Defense Studies, 1974) (in Japanese), pp. 134–35Google Scholar. The seizure of these documents, their transfer to U.S., and their return to Japan is discussed in Yoshimura, Yoshiko, “The Washington Document Center (WDC) and the WDC Collection in the Japanese Section”, in Censored Japanese Serials of the Pre-1946 Period: A Checklist of the Microfilm Collection, comp. Yoshiko Yoshimura (Washington, D.C.: The Library of Congress, 1994)Google Scholar.

7 Morley, James William, “Check List of Seized Japanese Records in the National Archives”, The Far Eastern Quarterly 9, 3 (1950): 306308CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

8 National Institute for Defense Studies, The Thirty Year History, p. 91.

9 Ibid., pp. 3, 23, 55, 91–93.

10 National Institute for Defense Studies, “Circumstances of the Returning of the Japanese Army and Navy Records”, pp. 135–3.

11 Young, John, Checklist of Microfilm Reproductions of Selected Archives of the Japanese Army, Navy, and Other Government Agencies, 1868–1945 (Washington, D.C: Georgetown University Press, 1959), pp. viiviiiGoogle Scholar.

12 National Institute for Defense Studies, “Circumstances of the Returning of the Japanese Army and Navy Records”, pp. 143–44. “National Institute for Defense Studies, The Thirty Year History, pp. 94–106.

14 Ibid., p. 93.

15 Ibid., p. 23.

16 Ibid., pp. 8–9.

17 Ibid., pp. 10–11, 115–20.

18 National Institute for Defense Studies, “Circumstances of the Returning of the Japanese Army and Navy Records”, p. 153.

19 National Institute for Defense Studies, “A Guide of the Military History Collection” (pamphlet issued by the Military Archives) (in Japanese).

20 Nakano, Satoshi, “The Japanese Occupation of Southeast Asia: Comparing the Philippines and Indonesia”, Rekishigaku Kenkyu 651 (1993): 179–88Google Scholar (in Japanese).

21 Dept. of Military History, National Institute for Defense Studies (ed.) (Tokyo: Choun Shinbun Co., 1985) (in Japanese).

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 44 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 16th April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

The Records of the Former Japanese Army Concerning the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

The Records of the Former Japanese Army Concerning the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

The Records of the Former Japanese Army Concerning the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *