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  • Cited by 9
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Swift, Peter 2013. Changing ethnic identities among the Kuy in Cambodia: Assimilation, reassertion and the making of Indigenous identity. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, Vol. 54, Issue. 3, p. 296.

    Connolly, Jennifer 2009. Casting Faiths.

    CONNOLLY, JENNIFER 2009. Forbidden intimacies: Christian-Muslim intermarriage in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. American Ethnologist, Vol. 36, Issue. 3, p. 492.

    Hones, Donald F. 2001. THE WORD: RELIGION AND LITERACY IN THE LIFE OF A HMONG AMERICAN. Religious Education, Vol. 96, Issue. 4, p. 489.

    Hayami, Yoko 1996. Karen Tradition According to Christ or Buddha: The Implications of Multiple Reinterpretations for a Minority Ethnic Group in Thailand. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 27, Issue. 02, p. 334.

    Keyes, Charles F. 1996. Being Protestant Christians in Southeast Asian Worlds. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 27, Issue. 02, p. 280.

    Lee, Marjorie 1996. Asian American Religion: A Special Topics Bibliography. Amerasia Journal, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 285.

    KIPP, RITA SMITH 1995. conversion by affiliation: the history of the Karo Batak Protestant Church. American Ethnologist, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 868.

    KAMMERER, CORNELIA ANN 1990. Customs and Christian conversion among Akha highlanders of Burma and Thailand. American Ethnologist, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 277.


The Impact of Missionary Christianity Upon Marginalized Ethnic Minorities: The Case of the Hmong


This paper combines historical with anthropological evidence on the relationship between Christianity and messianism among the Hmong of Southeast Asia and China. The lack of literacy is a motivating factor in Hmong Christian conversions. Messianism is seen as a reaction to Christian conversion, which encourages the alienation of minority groups.

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J. Hudson , The Marxist Philosophy of Ernst Bloch (London: MacMillan, 1982).

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Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-4634
  • EISSN: 1474-0680
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-southeast-asian-studies
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