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Consistent patterns of spatial variability between NE Atlantic and Mediterranean rocky shores

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 November 2016

Martina Dal Bello
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy Physics of Living Systems Group, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139
Jean-Charles Leclerc
Affiliation:
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 6, Station Biologique, 29680 Roscoff, France CNRS, UMR 7144, SBR, France Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Facultad de Ciencias, CIBAS, Casilla 297, Concepción, Chile
Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
Giuseppe Andrea De Lucia
Affiliation:
CNR, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Torregrande, Oristano, Italy
Christos Arvanitidis
Affiliation:
Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Pim Van Avesaath
Affiliation:
Monitor Taskforce, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, NIOZ, Yerseke, the Netherlands
Guy Bachelet
Affiliation:
Arcachon Marine Station, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, EPOC, Arcachon, France
Natalia Bojanic
Affiliation:
Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia
Serena Como
Affiliation:
CNR, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Torregrande, Oristano, Italy
Stefania Coppa
Affiliation:
CNR, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Torregrande, Oristano, Italy
Jennifer Coughlan
Affiliation:
School of Biology and Environmental Science and Earth Institute, University College Dublin, Ireland
Tasman Crowe
Affiliation:
School of Biology and Environmental Science and Earth Institute, University College Dublin, Ireland
Steven Degraer
Affiliation:
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, OD Nature, Marine Ecology and Management, Brussels and Oostende, Belgium
Free Espinosa
Affiliation:
Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain
Sarah Faulwetter
Affiliation:
Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Matt Frost
Affiliation:
Marine Biological Association, Plymouth, UK
Xabier Guinda
Affiliation:
Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental de la Universidad de Cantabria (Universidad de Cantabria-Fundación IH), Santander, Spain
Emilia Jankowska
Affiliation:
Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland
Jérôme Jourde
Affiliation:
Observatoire de la biodiversité (OBIONE), UMR 7266 LIttoral ENvironnement et Sociétés, CNRS/University of La Rochelle, France
Jose Antonio Juanes De La Pena
Affiliation:
Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental de la Universidad de Cantabria (Universidad de Cantabria-Fundación IH), Santander, Spain
Francis Kerckhof
Affiliation:
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, OD Nature, Marine Ecology and Management, Brussels and Oostende, Belgium
Jonne Kotta
Affiliation:
Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, Tallinn, Estonia
Nicolas Lavesque
Affiliation:
Arcachon Marine Station, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, EPOC, Arcachon, France
Paolo Magni
Affiliation:
CNR, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Torregrande, Oristano, Italy
Valentina De Matos
Affiliation:
MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Universidade dos Açores, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Horta, Azores, Portugal IMAR - Centre of the University of the Azores, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, 9901-862 Horta, Portugal
Helen Orav-Kotta
Affiliation:
Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, Tallinn, Estonia
Christina Pavloudi
Affiliation:
CNR, Institute for Coastal Marine Environment, Torregrande, Oristano, Italy
Maria Luiza Pedrotti
Affiliation:
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, UMR 7093, LOV, Villefranche-sur-mer, France
Ohad Peleg
Affiliation:
National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel
Angel Pérez-Ruzafa
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology and Hydrology, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, University of Murcia, Spain
Araceli Puente
Affiliation:
Instituto de Hidráulica Ambiental de la Universidad de Cantabria (Universidad de Cantabria-Fundación IH), Santander, Spain
Pedro Ribeiro
Affiliation:
MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Universidade dos Açores, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, Horta, Azores, Portugal IMAR - Centre of the University of the Azores, Departamento de Oceanografia e Pescas, 9901-862 Horta, Portugal
Fabienne Rigaut-Jalabert
Affiliation:
Physics of Living Systems Group, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 6, Station Biologique, 29680 Roscoff, France
Gil Rilov
Affiliation:
National Institute of Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Haifa, Israel
Maria Rousou
Affiliation:
Marine & Environmental Research Lab Ltd, Limassol, Cyprus
Marcos Rubal
Affiliation:
ECIMAT, Station of Marine Sciences of Toralla, Dpt. of Ecology and Animal Biology, University of Vigo, Spain Centre for Marine and Environmental Research, CIIMAR, Porto, Portugal
Tomas Ruginis
Affiliation:
Open Access Centre for Marine research, Klaipeda University, Lithuania
Teresa Silva
Affiliation:
Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE), Laboratório de Ciências do Mar, Universidade de Évora, Sines, Portugal
Nathalie Simon
Affiliation:
Physics of Living Systems Group, Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 6, Station Biologique, 29680 Roscoff, France
Isabel Sousa-Pinto
Affiliation:
Centre for Marine and Environmental Research, CIIMAR, Porto, Portugal
Jesús Troncoso
Affiliation:
Centre for Marine and Environmental Research, CIIMAR, Porto, Portugal
Jan Warzocha
Affiliation:
National Marine Fisheries Institute, Gdynia, Poland
Jan Marcin Weslawski
Affiliation:
Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland
Herman Hummel
Affiliation:
Monitor Taskforce, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, NIOZ, Yerseke, the Netherlands
Corresponding

Abstract

Examining how variability in population abundance and distribution is allotted among different spatial scales can inform of processes that are likely to generate that variability. Results of studies dealing with scale issues in marine benthic communities suggest that variability is concentrated at small spatial scales (from tens of centimetres to few metres) and that spatial patterns of variation are consistent across ecosystems characterized by contrasting physical and biotic conditions, but this has not been formally tested. Here we quantified the variability in the distribution of intertidal rocky shore communities at a range of spatial scales, from tens of centimetres to thousands of kilometres, both in the NE Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and tested whether the observed patterns differed between the two basins. We focused on canopy-forming macroalgae and associated understorey assemblages in the low intertidal, and on the distribution of Patella limpets at mid intertidal levels. Our results highlight that patterns of spatial variation, at each scale investigated, were consistent between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, suggesting that similar ecological processes operate in these regions. In contrast with former studies, variability in canopy cover, species richness and limpet abundance was equally distributed among spatial scales, possibly reflecting the fingerprint of multiple processes. Variability in community structure of low intertidal assemblages, instead, peaked at the largest scale, suggesting that oceanographic processes and climatic gradients may be important. We conclude that formal comparisons of variability across scales nested in contrasting systems are needed, before any generalization on patterns and processes can be made.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2016 

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Consistent patterns of spatial variability between NE Atlantic and Mediterranean rocky shores
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Consistent patterns of spatial variability between NE Atlantic and Mediterranean rocky shores
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