Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-nmvwc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-16T10:21:28.715Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

A new species of tube-dwelling anemone (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Ceriantharia, Ceriantheopsis) from the Warm Temperate South-western Atlantic

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 November 2015

Sérgio N. Stampar*
Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP/Assis, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Laboratório de Evolução e Diversidade Aquática – LEDA, Av. Dom Antônio, 2100, Assis, SP - 19806-900, Brazil Instituto Laje Viva, Santos, Brazil
Fabrizio Scarabino
Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos, Constituyente 1497, C.P 11200, Montevideo, Uruguay Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, C.C. 399, C.P 11000, Montevideo, Uruguay Centro Universitario Regional Este – Cure, Sede Rocha, Universidad De La República, Ruta 9, Km 208, C.P 27000, Rocha, Uruguay
Guido Pastorino
Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’, Av. Angel Gallardo 470, 3° piso lab. 80, C1405DJR Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
André C. Morandini
Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Zoologia, Rua do Matão, trav. 14, 101, São Paulo, SP, 05508-090, Brazil
Correspondence should be addressed to:S.N. Stampar, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP/Assis, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Laboratório de Evolução e Diversidade Aquática – LEDA, Av. Dom Antônio, 2100, Assis, SP - 19806-900, Brazil email:


A new species of tube-dwelling anemone of the genus Ceriantheopsis (Cnidaria: Ceriantharia), Ceriantheopsis lineata sp. nov., is described and can be found in fine sand or mud in the sublittoral zone (0–200 m) from Argentina to Brazil (Warm Temperate South-western Atlantic). This new species is distinguished from its congeners by a number of features, however some characters (directive tentacles, line on tentacles and length of P2) allow a conclusive identification among the other Ceriantheopsis species.

Research Article
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Carlgren, O. (1912) Ceriantharia. The Danish Ingolf-Expedition 5, 178.Google Scholar
Daly, M., Brugler, M.R., Cartwright, P., Collins, A.G., Dawson, M.N., Fautin, D.G., France, S.C., McFadden, C.S., Opresko, D.M., Rodriguez, E., Romano, S.L. and Stake, J.L. (2007) The phylum Cnidaria: a review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668, 127182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
England, K.W. (1991) Nematocysts of sea anemones (Actiniaria, Ceriantharia and Corallimorpharia: Cnidaria): nomenclature. Hydrobiologia 216/217, 691697.Google Scholar
den Hartog, J.C. (1977) Descriptions of two new Ceriantharia from Caribbean Region, Pachycerianthus curacaoensis n. sp. and Arachnanthus nocturnus n. sp., with a discussion of the cnidom and of the classification of the Ceriantharia. Zoologische Mededelingen 51, 211248.Google Scholar
Hertwig, R. (1882) Report on the Actiniaria dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76 (Zoology) 6, 1136.Google Scholar
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature, 4th edn. London: The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature.Google Scholar
Molodtsova, T. (2001) Cerianthids (Anthozoa, Cnidaria) from Bengual upwelling region. 1. Ceriantheopsis nikitai . Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 80, 773780. [In Russian]Google Scholar
Molodtsova, T.N., Griffiths, C.L. and Acuna, F.H. (2011) A new species of shallow-water cerianthid (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from South Africa, with remarks on the genus Ceriantheopsis . African Natural History 7, 18.Google Scholar
Scarabino, F. (2006) Faunística y taxonomía de invertebrados bentónicos marinos y estuarinos de la costa uruguaya. In Menafra, R., Rodríguez-Gallego, L., Scarabino, F. and Conde, D. (eds) Bases para la conservación y el manejo y de la costa uruguaya. Montevideo: VIDA SILVESTRE (Sociedad Uruguaya para la Conservación de la Naturaleza), pp. 113142.Google Scholar
Shepard, A.N., Theroux, R.B., Cooper, R.A. and Uzmann, J.R. (1986) Ecology of Ceriantharia (Coelenterata, Anthozoa) of the Northwest Atlantic from Cape Hatteras to Nova Scotia. Fishery Bulletin 84, 625646.Google Scholar
Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Allen, G.R., Davidson, N., Ferdaña, Z.A., Finlayson, M., Halpern, B.S., Martin, K.D., McManus, E., Molnar, J., Recchia, C.A. and Robertson, J. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coast and shelf areas. Bioscience 57, 573583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stampar, S.N., Beneti, J.S., Acuña, F.H. and Morandini, A.C. (2015) Ultrastructure and tube formation in Ceriantharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa). Zoologischer Anzeiger 254, 6771. doi: 10.1016/j.jcz.2014.11.004 Google Scholar
Stampar, S.N., Emig, C., Morandini, A.C., Kodja, G., Pinto, A.P.B. and Silveira, F.L. (2010) Is there any risk in a symbiotic species associating with an endangered one? A case of a phoronid worm growing on a Ceriantheomorphe tube. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 51, 207211.Google Scholar
Stampar, S.N., Maronna, M.M., Kitahara, M.V., Reimer, J.D. and Morandini, A.C. (2014a) Fast-evolving mitochondrial DNA in Ceriantharia: a reflection of Hexacorallia paraphyly? PLoS ONE 9, e86612. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086612. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stampar, S.N., Maronna, M.M., Vermeij, M.J., Silveira, F.L. and Morandini, A.C. (2012) Evolutionary diversification of banded tube-dwelling anemones (Cnidaria; Ceriantharia; Isarachnanthus) in the Atlantic Ocean. PLoS ONE 7, e41091. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041091.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stampar, S.N., Morandini, A.C. and Silveira, F.L. (2014b) A new species of Pachycerianthus (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Ceriantharia) from Tropical Southwestern Atlantic. Zootaxa 3827, 343354. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3827.3.4 Google Scholar
Tiffon, Y. (1987) Ordre des Cérianthaires. In Grassé, P. (ed.) Traité de Zoologie: Anatomie, Systematique, Biologie – Cnidaires/Anthozoaires, Tome III(3). Paris: Masson, pp. 210256.Google Scholar
van Beneden, E. (1897) Les Anthozoaires de la ‘Plankton-Expedition’. Ergebnisse der Plankton-Expedition der Humbolt-Stiftung 2, 1222.Google Scholar
Verrill, A.E. (1864) List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 1, 2960.Google Scholar
Vieira, L.M. and Stampar, S.N. (2014) A new Fenestrulina (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) commensal with tube-dwelling anemones (Cnidaria, Ceriantharia) in the tropical southwestern Atlantic. Zootaxa 3780, 365374. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3780.2.8. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed