Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-jqctd Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-26T08:23:51.969Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Nothria and Anchinothria (Annelida: Onuphidae) from eastern Australian waters, with a discussion of ontogenetic variation of diagnostic characters

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 March 2013

Nataliya Budaeva*
Affiliation:
Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences, Nakhimovsky pr. 36, 117997, Moscow, Russia
Hannelore Paxton
Affiliation:
Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: N. Budaeva, P.P. Shirsov Institute of Oceanology Russian Academy of Sciences, Nakhimovsky pr. 36, 11797 Moscow, Russian email: nataliya.budaeva@gmail.com

Abstract

Nothria and Anchinothria, two sister genera of onuphid worms were studied from eastern Australian waters. Nothria abyssia, with a wide distribution in Pacific and Antarctic waters is reported from slope depths south-east of Australia, while N. otsuchiensis, described from Japanese waters, was found along the eastern coast of Australia from shallow subtidal to deep slope areas. Anchinothria parvula sp. nov. is described, based on the presence of uni- and bidentate pseudocompound falcigers in the first three pairs of parapodia, absence of branchiae and appearance of limbate chaetae from chaetiger 2, subacicular hooks from chaetigers 6–8 and pectinate chaetae from chaetiger 14. The new species represents the first record of the genus in Australian waters. Ontogenetic variation of chaetal composition and morphology of parapodia was estimated in two Nothria species examined. Three size-related morphotypes with different chaetal composition and morphology of anterior falcigers were revealed in N. abyssia and N. otsuchiensis. The number of chaetigers with pseudocompound falcigers is the only character independent of size of the specimens in both examined species. Distribution of subacicular hooks and postchaetal lobes is shown to be size-dependent. The following characters are considered of diagnostic value only when scored in adults: presence/absence of simple falcigers in anterior parapodia; chaetiger of origin of limbate chaetae, pectinate chaetae, and subacicular hooks; and number of chaetigers with auricular prechaetal lobes and digitiform postchaetal lobes. The use of adult specimens with the final set of definitive morphological structures for diagnoses of Nothria species is suggested.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2013 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

REFERENCES

Andre, C. and Pleijel, F. (1989) Nothria maremontana, a new onuphid species off the Portuguese coast. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 30, 1116.Google Scholar
Augener, H. (1918) Polychaeta. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas 2, 67625.Google Scholar
Averincev, V.G. (1972) Benthic polychaetes Errantia from the Antarctic and Subantarctic collected by the Soviet Antarctic Expedition. Issledovaniya fauny morei, Zoologicheskii Institut Akademii Nauk USSR 11, 88292. [In Russian.]Google Scholar
Averincev, V.G. (1974) The polychaetous annelids of the abyssal and bathyal zones of the Scotian arc based on the 11th cruise of R/V Akademik Kuchatov. Trudy Instituta Okeanologia Akademia nauk SSSR 98, 213227. [In Russian.]Google Scholar
Blake, J.A. (1975) The larval development of Polychaeta from the northern California coast. II. Nothria elegans (Family Onuphidae). Ophelia 13, 4361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Budaeva, N. and Fauchald, K. (2010) Larval development of Mooreonuphis stigmatis (Treadwell 1922) (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from the north-east Pacific. Marine Biology Research 6, 624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Budaeva, N. and Fauchald, K. (2011) Phylogeny of the Diopatra generic complex with a revision of Paradiopatra Ehlres [sic], 1887 (Polychaeta: Onuphidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 163, 319436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chamberlin, R.V. (1919) The Annelida Polychaeta. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 48, 1514.Google Scholar
Day, J.H. (1967) A monograph on the Polychaeta of southern Africa. Part I. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History) Publications 656, 1458.Google Scholar
Ehlers, E. (1879) Reports on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico, by the Unites States Coastal Survey Steamer Blake, Lieutenant-Commander C.D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., commanding. 4. Preliminary report on the worms. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 5, 269274.Google Scholar
Ehlers, E. (1887) Reports on the results of dredging, under the direction of L.F. Poutales, during the years 1868–1870, and of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877–78), and in the Caribbean Sea (1878–79), in the U.S. Coast Survey Steamer Blake, Lieutenant-Commander C.D. Sigsbee, U.S.N., and Commander J.R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. 31. Report on the annelids. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 15, 1335.Google Scholar
Fadlaoui, S., Lechapt, J.-P. and Retière, C. (1995) Larval development of the onuphid Diopatra marocensis (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Atlantic coast of Morocco. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 75, 957966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fauchald, K. (1968) Onuphidae (Polychaeta) from Western Mexico. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 3, 182.Google Scholar
Fauchald, K. (1972) Benthic polychaetous annelids from deep water off western Mexico and adjacent areas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 7, 1575.Google Scholar
Fauchald, K. (1982a) Revision of Onuphis, Nothria, and Paradiopatra (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) based upon type material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 356, 1109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fauchald, K. (1982b) Description of Mooreonuphis jonesi, a new species of onuphid polychaete from shallow water in Bermuda, with comments on variability and population ecology. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 95, 807825.Google Scholar
Fauchald, K. (1982c) Some species of Onuphis (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from the Atlantic Ocean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 95, 238250.Google Scholar
Hansen, G.A. (1878) Annelider fra den norske Nordhavsexpedition i 1876. Nyt magazin for naturvidenskaberne (Christiania) 24, 133192.Google Scholar
Hansen, G.A. (1882) Annelida. The Norwegian North-Atlantic Expedition 1876–1878 Volume Bd. 3. VII. Zoology. Christiania: Gröndahl & Son, pp. 154.Google Scholar
Hartman, O. (1944) Polychaetous Annelids. Part V. Eunicea. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 10, 1237.Google Scholar
Hartman, O. (1964) Polychaeta Errantia of Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series 3, 1131.Google Scholar
Hartman, O. (1965) Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic areas. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation 28, 1378.Google Scholar
Hartman, O. (1967) Polychaetous annelids collected by the USNS Eltanin and Staten Island cruises, chiefly from Antarctic Seas. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 2, 1387.Google Scholar
Hartman, O. and Fauchald, K. (1971) Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic areas, Pt. 2. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 6, 1327.Google Scholar
Hsieh, H.-L. and Simon, J.L. (1987) Larval development of Kinbergonuphis simoni, with a summary of development patterns in the family Onuphidae (Polychaeta). Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 7, 194210.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1970) Errant polychaetous annelids collected from the areas around the Tsushima Islands. Memoirs of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 3, 113122.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1982) Polychaetous annelids around Shimoda, Izu Peninsula. Memoirs of the National Science Museum, Tokyo 15, 155161.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1986) Eight species of Onuphidae (Polychaeta) in and offshore of Otsuchi Bay, Northeastern Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo A (Zoology) 12, 93116.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1989) Two new Species of Nothria (Polychaeta, Onuphidae) from off Sanriku, Northeastern Honshu, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo A (Zoology) 15, 110.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1997) Polychaetous annelids of Suruga Bay, Central Japan. National Science Museum Monographs 12, 149228.Google Scholar
Imajima, M. (1999) Onuphidae (Annelida, Polychaeta) from Japan, excluding the genus Onuphis. National Science Museum Monographs 16, 1115.Google Scholar
Jirkov, I.A. and Yermolaev, I.G. (1989) Analysis of variation of taxonomic characters in the genus Nothria (Polychaeta, Onuphidae). Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 68, 513. [In Russian with English abstract.]Google Scholar
Knox, G.A. and Hicks, K. (1973) The polychaetes of New Zealand. Part 5. Onuphidae. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 3, 281294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kucheruk, N.V. (1978) Deep-water Onuphidae (Polychaeta) from the collections of the 16th Cruise of the R/V Dmitry Mendeleev (to the generic classification of the family Onuphidae). Trudy Instituta Okeanologia Akademia nauk SSSR 113, 88106. [In Russian with English abstract.]Google Scholar
Kucheruk, N.V. (1980) Age and bathymetric variability of Nothria conchylega (Polychaeta, Onuphidae). In Kuznetsov, A.P. (ed.) Ecological investigations of the shelf Moscow: IO AN SSSR, pp. 6372. [In Russian.]Google Scholar
Kucheruk, N.V. (1985) Polychaetous annelids of genus Nothria (Onuphidae): systematic characters, species composition and distribution. Issledovaniya fauny morej 34, 8387. [In Russian.]Google Scholar
Lana, P. (1991) Onuphidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from southeastern Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science 48, 280295.Google Scholar
Maekawa, N. and Hayashi, I. (1989) Onuphid polychaetes from Wakasa Bay, Sea of Japan. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, Kyoto University 134, 6193.Google Scholar
Malmgren, A.J. (1867) Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiae, Groenlandiae, Islandiae et Scandinaviae hactenus cognita. Helsingfors: Ex Officina Frenckelliana.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McIntosh, W.C. (1885) Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. In Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1872–76. Zoology 12, 1554.Google Scholar
McIntosh, W.C. (1903) Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, no 24. 1. On the frequency of the occurrence of pearls in the mussel (Mytilus edulis). 2. The effects of marine piscatorial birds on the food fishes. 3. On the British Eunicidae. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 7 11, 549565.Google Scholar
Moore, J.P. (1903) Polychaeta from the coastal slope of Japan and from Kamchatka and Bering Sea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 55, 401490.Google Scholar
Moore, J.P. (1911) The polychaetous annelids dredged by the U.S.S. ‘Albatross' off the coast of southern California in 1904. III. Euphrosynidae to Goniadidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 62, 234318.Google Scholar
Orensanz, J.M. (1974) Los anelidos poliquetos de la provincial biogeografica Argentina. V. Onuphidae. Physis, Secciуn A 33, 75122.Google Scholar
Orensanz, J.M. (1990) The Eunicemorph polychaete annelids from Antarctic and Subantarctic Seas. With addenda to the Eunicemorpha of Argentina, Chile, New Zealand, Australia, and the southern Indian Ocean. Antarctic Research Series—Biology of the Antarctic Seas XXI 52, 1183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxton, H. (1979) Taxonomy and aspects of the life history of Australian beachworms (Polychaeta: Onuphidae). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 30, 265294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxton, H. (1986) Generic revision and relationships of the family Onuphidae (Annelida: Polychaeta). Records of the Australian Museum 38, 174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxton, H. (1993) Diopatra Audouin and Milne Edwards (Polychaeta, Onuphidae) from Australia, with a discussion of developmental patterns in the genus. The Beagle, Records of the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 10, 115154.Google Scholar
Paxton, H. (1996) Hirsutonuphis (Polychaeta: Onuphidae) from Australia, with a discussion of setal progression in juveniles. Invertebrate Taxonomy 10, 7796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxton, H. (1998) The Diopatra chiliensis confusion—redescription of D. chiliensis (Polychaeta, Onuphidae) and implicated species. Zoologica Scripta 27, 3148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Paxton, H. (2000) Family Onuphidae. In Beesley, P.L., Ross, G.J.B. and Glasby, C.J. (eds) Polychaetes & Allies: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Volume 4A Polychaeta, Myzostomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing, pp. 99104.Google Scholar
Paxton, H. (2005) Fauchaldonuphis, a new genus for the enigmatic polychaete Diopatra paradoxa Quatrefages, 1866. Marine Ecology 26, 209215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pettibone, M.H. (1970) Polychaeta Errantia of the Siboga Expedition. Part IV. Some additional polychaetes of the Polynoidae, Hesionidae, Nereidae, Goniadidae, Eunicidae, and Onuphidae, selected as new species by the late Dr. Hermann Augener with remarks on other related species. Siboga-Expeditie Uitkomsten op Zoölogisch, Botanisch, Oceanographisch en Geologisch gebied verzameld in de Oost-Indische Archipel 1899–1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman 24, 2772.Google Scholar
Poore, G.C.B., Just, J. and Cohen, B.F. (1994) Composition and diversity of Crustacea Isopoda of the southeastern Australian continental slope. Deep-sea Research I 41, 677693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rangarajan, K. and Mahadevan, S. (1961) On a new species of Nothria Malmgren (Polychaeta, Annelida) from the Gulf of Mannar. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 3, 179185.Google Scholar
Sars, M. (1835) Beskrivelser og Iagttagelser over nogle mærkelige eller nye i Havet ved den Bergenske Kyst levende Dyr af Polypernes, Acalephernes, Radiaternes, Annelidernes og Molluskernes Classer, men en kort Oversigt over de hidtil af Forfatteren sammesteds fundne Arter og deres Forekommen. Bergen: Thorstein Hallagers Forlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar