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Reproductive biology of the land crab Cardisoma guanhumi (Decapoda: Gecarcinidae) in north-eastern Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 September 2012

Renata Akemi Shinozaki-Mendes*
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Unidade Acadêmica de Serra Talhada, Fazenda Saco, s/n Caixa Postal 063 CEP 56900-000 Serra Talhada/PE/Brazil
José Roberto Feitosa Silva
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Ceará, Departamento de Biologia, Avenida Mister Hull, s/n Pici-Bloco 909 CEP 60455760 Fortaleza/CE/Brazil
Jones Santander-Neto
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Pesca e Aqüicultura, Avenida Dom Manuel de Medeiros, s/n Dois Irmãos CEP 52171900 Recife/PE/Brazil
Fábio Hissa Vieira Hazin
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Pesca e Aqüicultura, Avenida Dom Manuel de Medeiros, s/n Dois Irmãos CEP 52171900 Recife/PE/Brazil
*
Correspondence should be addressed to: R.A. Shinozaki-Mendes, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Unidade Acadêmica de Serra Talhada, Fazenda Saco, s/n Caixa Postal 063 CEP 56900-000 Serra, Talhada/PE/Brazil email: renataasm@gmail.com

Abstract

The reproductive cycle of Cardisoma guanhumi was described from the analysis of seasonal variation of the gonadal maturation stages. The first maturity for both sexes was determined based on three different tests: inflexion point on the curve; relevant character (morphometry); and histological analysis (physiology). In addition, some aspects of sexual dimorphism for the population were studied. A total of 353 individuals caught in north-eastern Brazil between December 2006 and November 2007 were analysed. The sex-ratio was statistically equal (P ≥ 0.05) and the carapace width (CW) of the females ranged from 4.34 to 8.56 cm and of the males from 2.84 to 9.22 cm. Mature females with fully developed gonads begin to appear in the dry season (August) and ovigerous females occurred from November to February, suggesting that spawning occurs mainly during the rainy season. The CW of first sexual maturity for females ranged from 5.87 cm to 6.70 cm and males from 6.22 cm to 7.20 cm. The highest percentage of individuals caught were juveniles, indicating the need for a targeted effort to preserve the species.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2012

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