Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-wzw2p Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-25T08:16:14.361Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Vitamin A and carotenoids in certain invertebrates. III. Euphausiacea

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 May 2009

L. R. Fisher
National Institute for Research in Dairying, University of Reading
S. K. Kon
National Institute for Research in Dairying, University of Reading
S. Y. Thompson
National Institute for Research in Dairying, University of Reading


Our published work has shown that the northern euphausiids, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, Thysanoessa raschii and T. inermis, contain much higher concentrations of vitamin A than we have found in any other marine Crustacea (Kon & Thompson, 1949a; Batham, Fisher, Henry, Kon & Thompson, 1951; Fisher, Kon & Thompson, 1952, 1953, 1954). In the antarctic species, Euphausia superba, the concentration of vitamin A in samples taken from the alimentary canals of baleen whales (Thompson, Ganguly & Kon, 1949; Kon & Thompson, 1949b) was similar to that found in Meganyctiphanes norvegica from the gut of arctic baleen whales (Fisher et al., 1952), but both were very much lower than in free-swimming M. norvegica. No corresponding free-swimming specimens of Euphausia superba had been analysed.

Research Article
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 1955

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Baldwin, E., 1937. An Introduction to Comparative Biochemistry. London: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Banner, A. H., 1950. A taxonomic study of the Mysidacea and Euphausiacea (Crustacea) of the northeastern Pacific. Part III. Euphausiacea. Trans. R. Canad. Inst., Vol. 29, pp. 163.Google Scholar
Batham, E. Fisher, L. R., Henry, K. M., Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1951. Preformed vitamin A in marine Crustacea. Biochem. J., Vol. 48, pp. x–xi.Google Scholar
Bernard, F., 1938. Résultats d'une année de recherches quantitatives sur le phytoplancton de Monaco. Comparaison avec les mers voisines. Rapp. Cons. Explor. Mer, Vol. 105, Part III, pp. 2839.Google Scholar
Brachi, R. M., 1953. Examination of some components of cephalopod and sperm-whale liver oils by the chromatographic method. Biochem. J., Vol. 54, pp. 459–65.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Brown, W. W. & Cheng, C., 1946. Investigations into the food of the cod (Gadus callarias L.) off Bear Island, and of the cod and haddock (G. aeglefinus L.) off Iceland and the Murman coast. Hull Bull. Mar. Ecol., Vol. 3, No. 18, pp. 3571.Google Scholar
Calman, W. T., 1910. Oxford Treatise on Zoology, Part VII. Appendiculata, Third Fascicle. Crustacea. London: Black.Google Scholar
Chun, C., 1893. Leuchtorgan und Facettenauge. Ein Beitrag zur Theorie des Sehens in grossen Meerestiefen. Biol. Zbl., Bd. 13, pp. 544–71.Google Scholar
Einarsson, H., 1945. Euphausiacea. I. Northern Atlantic species. Dana Rep., No. 27, 185 pp.Google Scholar
Fisher, L. R., Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1952. Vitamin A and carotenoids in certain invertebrates. I. Marine Crustacea. J. Mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 31, pp. 229–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fisher, L. R., Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1953. Vitamin A and carotenoids in some Mediterranean Crustacea: with a note on the swarming of Meganyctiphanes. Bull. Inst. océanogr. Monaco, No. 1021, 19 pp.Google Scholar
Fisher, L. R., Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1954. Vitamin A and carotenoids in certain invertebrates. II. Studies of seasonal variations in some marine Crustacea. J. Mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 33, pp. 589612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hickling, C. F., 1927. The natural history of the hake. Fish. Invest., Lond., Ser. 2, Vol. 10, No. 2, 100 pp.Google Scholar
Hjort, J. & Ruud, J. T., 1929. Whaling and fishing in the north Atlantic. Rapp. Cons. Explor. Mer, Vol. 56, 123 pp.Google Scholar
Kon, S. K., 1954. Vitamine A des invertébrés marins et métabolisme des caroténoides du plancton. Bull. Soc. Chim. biol., Paris, T. 36, pp. 209–25.Google Scholar
Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1949a. Preformed vitamin A in northern krill. Biochem. J., Vol. 45, p. xxxi.Google ScholarPubMed
Kon, S. K. & Thompson, S. Y., 1949b. Preformed vitamin A in Crustacea. Arch. Biochem., Vol. 24, pp. 233–4.Google ScholarPubMed
Lovern, J. A., Edisbury, J. R. & Morton, R. A., 1933. Variations in vitamin A content of fish-liver oils, with particular reference to seasonal fluctuations in the potency of halibut-liver oil. Biochem. J., Vol. 27, pp. 1461–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lovern, J. A. & Sharp, J. G., 1933. The diet of the halibut and intensity of feeding in relation to the vitamin A potency of the liver oil. Biochem. J., Vol. 27, pp. 1470–2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Macdonald, R., 1927. Food and habits of Meganyctiphanes norvegica. J. Mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 14, pp. 753–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mcintyre, A. D., 1952. The food of halibut from north Atlantic fishing grounds. Sci. Invest. Fish. Div. Scot., 1952, No. 3, 20 pp.Google Scholar
Macpherson, N. L., 1933. Vitamin A concentration of cod liver oil correlated with age of cod. Nature, Lond., Vol. 132, p. 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moore, H. F., 1898. Observations upon the herring and herring fisheries of the northeast Coast with special reference to the vicinity of the Passamaquoddy Bay. Rep. U.S. Comm. Fish, for 1896, Part 22, pp. 387442.Google Scholar
Poulsen, E. M., 1926. Om den store Lyskrebs (Meganyctiphanes norvegica). Betydning som Fiskeføde i Skagerak. Dansk. Fisk. Tid., Bd. 24, pp. 286–9.Google Scholar
Robertson, J. A., 1932. A cursory survey of the Bear Island trawling ground. Rapp. Cons. Explor. Mer, Vol. 81, pp. 115–39.Google Scholar
Saemundsson, B., 1926. Fiskarnir (Pisces Islandiae). Reykjavik. 528 pp.Google Scholar
Saemundsson, B., 1937. Icelandic Malacostraca in the Museum of Reykjavik. Rit. Visind. Ist. (Soc. Sci. Islandica), Vol. 20, pp. 132.Google Scholar
Sheard, K., 1953. Taxonomy, distribution and development of the Euphausiacea (Crustacea). Rep. B.A.N.Z. antarct. Exped., Ser. B, Vol. 8, Pt. 1, pp. 172.Google Scholar
Thompson, S. Y., Ganguly, J. & Kon, S. K., 1949. The conversion of β-carotene to vitamin A in the intestine. Brit. J. Nutr., Vol. 3, pp. 5078.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wiborg, K. F., 1949. The food of cod (Gadus callarias L.) of the O-II-group from deep water in some fjords of northern Norway. Fiskeridir. Skr. Havundersok., Vol. 9, No. 8, 30 pp.Google Scholar
Zatsepin, W. I., 1939. The feeding of the haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.) of the Murman coast in connection with the bottom fauna. Trans. Knipovich polyar. sci. Inst., Vol. 3, pp. 3998. (In Russian: English summary.)Google Scholar