1 i.e. Tamil palm-leaf manuscripts.
2 Caldwell, Robert, A Comparative grammar of the Dravidian or South-Indian family of languages, 1875, 10–12.
4 See book no. 105; also a letter written on 16th September, 1706, which is reproduced in Ziegenbalg, , Propagation of the Gospel in the East, 3rd ed., London, 1718, part I, 30.
6 Rajarigam, D., The history of Tamil Christian literature, Madras, 1958, 21.
7 Propagation of the Gospel in the East, part I, 30.
9 Lehman, D. Arno, Alte Briefe aus Indien: Unveröffentlichte Briefe von Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, Berlin, 1957, 86.
11 ibid., 34, 39, 43 (letters written on 5th September, 25th September, and 1st October, 1706).
13 “An Account of the Malabarians”, in Propagation of the Gospel in the East, p. 29.
14 Auction catalogue, Bibliotheca Rostgaardiana (held in the Royal Library, Copenhagen), p. 449.
16 Followers of the Jain faith.
18 Nikaṇṭu means a metrical vocabulary. The author of the above-mentioned work might have been a Jain writer who lived in the 9th century and wrote Cuṭtāmaṇinikaṇṭu. Ziegenbalg's statement, however, which places him at the same time as Tiruvācakam (i.e. 12th century), would leave us with a gap of 300 years.
19 He obviously refers to the Kuṟaḷ. Tiruvaḷḷuvar is the name of the author.
20 Ziegenbalg uses this term throughout the manuscript, thus making a clear distinction between the Hindu gods and the Christian God.
21 i.e. Iśvara, the god Śiva.
24 This could be the amplified adaptation of Villiputtūrar's Bhāratam written by Madalambēḍu Nallā Piḷḷai, who lived approximately at the same time as Ziegenbalg.
25 Ziegenbalg no doubt means Sanskrit written in Grantha characters; see book no. 22.
26 i.e. Hariścandra, King of Ayōdhyā.
27 This seems t o be the older of the two works. The episode itself appears in the Mahābhārata. Ariccantirapurāṇam was a poem from the Saṅgham period.
29 By Upēndrācārya. A handbook of astrology in verse with prose and paraphrases.
30 i.e. Kulōttuṅka who conquered Kaliṅga.
32 This is not a name but a title. Muni means a holy man.
33 This is certainly not the name of the author, alaṅkāra means rhetoric.
34 i.e. a form of the god Viṣṅu.
35 i.e. Grantha, the script used for writing Sanskrit in the Tamil country.
37 Ziegenbalg, See, Genealogy of the Malabari gods, ed. Germann, W., Madras, 1867.
38 In his Genealogy of the Malabari gods (p. 32) Ziegenbalg speaks of Paṇṭāraṅkaḷ as followers of the Liṅgadhari (Vira-Śaiva) sect which was founded by Basava at the beginning of the 11th century but at p. 151 he describes a Pantaram as a Śudra. In actual fact they are just a type of wandering mendicant.
39 This could be a Syrian Christian work. Titles beginning with a Ñāṉa (or as Ziegenbalg writes it Gnána) often indicate an orientation of this kind.
41 i.e. Śrīraṅgam, a Vaiṣṇava pilgrimage.
42 i.e. a Tamil version of the Sanskrit Pañcatantra.
43 Here the author obviously refers to Kampaṉ's Rāmāyaṇnam.
44 The goddess is, according to mythology, the wife of Skanda, who is also identical with Kārttikeya, who in turn is called Subrahmaṇya in the south.
45 The correct spelling is Coromandel.
48 This could be Ācāra-kōvai by Peruvāyiṉ Muḷḷiyār, one of the kīṛ-kaṇakku poems. Ziegenbalg's “author” is probably only a contemporary commentator.
49 He probably means his guru.
50 i.e. one of the names of śiva. See Genealogy of the Malabari gods, 50.
52 He probably means Maṉaiyaṭicāstiram.
53 Mylapur, a suburb of Madras where according to the legend St. Thomas was speared to death by four soldiers.
54 This work is in praise of Ampikai as worshipped in Madurai. It is ascribed to Kulacēkara Pāṇṭiyaṉ or Ukra-kumāra Pāṇṭiyaṉ. It consists in fact of thirty-one stanzas.
55 See book no. 48; there Ziegenbalg spells the name as Kuru Namatschiweīer.
57 This too seems to be a part of Kampaṉ's Rāmāyaṇam.
58 A treatise on the legend and ritual of the Ekātaci festival, a fast in honour of Viṣṇu.
60 i.e. Udyōga-panam of Villiputtūr's Bhāratam.
61 See Genealogy of the Malabari gods, 129.
62 Probably Ñāṇacarantūl cāstiram, a Śaiva tract on divination from breath.
63 Frauen-Regel; see Genealogy of the Malabari gods, 129.
64 “Die Kunst etwas orakelmäβig durch Punkte auszuforschen … ”, see Grimm, , Deutsches Wörterbuch, Vol. VII, Leipzig, 1889.
66 The author obviously means among Malabari women.
67 The author's name is actually Nārāyaṇa Tācar.
68 i.e. the Danish East India Company.
69 Pardao or Pardau, a silver coin issued under Joan V (1706–1750) for the Portuguese Indies and struck principally at Goa. It was valued at half a rupia.
70 The author is in fact Varatarāja Paṇṭitar, the same who wrote book no. 67.
71 Auvaiyār was a Caṅkam poetess, but there is a legend which calls her an incarnation of the goddess Sarasvati.
72 See Genealogy of the Malabari gods, 141.
74 Mahamēru, the centre of the world. See Genealogy of the Malabari gods.
75 i.e. Nantikēcuraṉ; see Genealogy …
76 i.e. Tirumūla Tēvar; see Genealogy …