Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-ms7nj Total loading time: 0.407 Render date: 2022-08-08T06:48:37.624Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Differences in foraging times between two feeding guilds within Old World fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in southern Thailand

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 February 2014

Alyssa B. Stewart*
Affiliation:
Department of Biology and The Behavior, Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Robert Makowsky
Affiliation:
Phoenix, AZ 85086, USA
Michele R. Dudash
Affiliation:
Department of Biology and The Behavior, Ecology, Evolution & Systematics Program, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
*
1Corresponding author. Email: aly55a@umd.edu

Abstract:

Bats are important but understudied pollinators in the Palaeotropics, and much about their interactions with night-blooming, bat-pollinated plant species is still unknown. We compared visitation times to flowering and fruiting plant resources by nectarivorous bat species (obligate pollinators) and frugi-nectarivorous bat species (facultative pollinators) throughout the night to examine the temporal variability that occurs within Pteropodidae foraging. Timing of pollination is an important determinant of plant reproductive success and more temporally restrictive than fruit dispersal. We netted 179 nectarivorous bats and 209 frugi-nectarivorous bats across 367 total mist-net h at five plant species providing floral resources and six plant species providing fruit resources. We found that all three nectarivorous bat species in southern Thailand forage significantly earlier in the evening (20h30 versus 22h00), and over a significantly shorter time interval (1.73 h versus 3.33 h), than do the five most commonly netted frugi-nectarivorous species. These results indicate that the two feeding guilds may be imposing different selective pressures on bat-pollinated plant species and may comprise different functional groups. We propose that the observed differences in bat foraging times are due to temporal constraints imposed by the rewards of the plant species that they visit.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2014 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

AGUIAR, L. M. S. & MARINHO-FILHO, J. 2004. Activity patterns of nine phyllostomid bat species in a fragment of the Atlantic Forest in southeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21:385390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
ANDERSSON, L. 1998. Musaceae. Pp. 296301 in Kubitzki, K. (ed.). Flowering plants: Monocotyledons. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BALASINGH, J., KOILRAJ, J. & KUNZ, T. H. 1995. Tent construction by the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in southern India. Ethology 100:210229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BARRETT, S. C. H. & HARDER, L. D. 1996. Ecology and evolution of plant mating. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11:7379.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
BUREAU OF MANGROVE RESOURCES CONSERVATION. 2009. Mangrove plants of Thailand. The Agricultural Co-operative Federation of Thailand Press, Bangkok. 167 pp.Google Scholar
BUMRUNGSRI, S., LEELAPAIBUL, W. & RACEY, P. A. 2007. Resource partitioning in sympatric Cynopterus bats in lowland tropical rain forest, Thailand. Biotropica 39:241248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BUMRUNGSRI, S., HARBIT, A., BENZIE, C., CARMOUCHE, K., SRIDITH, K. & RACEY, P. A. 2008. The pollination ecology of two species of Parkia (Mimosaceae) in southern Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24:467475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BUMRUNGSRI, S., SRIPAORAYA, E., CHONGSIRI, T., SRIDITH, K. & RACEY, P. A. 2009. The pollination ecology of durian (Durio zibethinus, Bombacaceae) in southern Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25:8592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
BUMRUNGSRI, S., LANG, D., HARROWER, C., SRIPAORAYA, E., KITPIPIT, K. & RACEY, P. A. 2013. The dawn bat, Eonycteris spelaea Dobson (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) feeds mainly on pollen of economically important food plants in Thailand. Acta Chiropterologica 15:95104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CAMPBELL, P., REID, N. M., ZUBAID, A., ADNAN, A. M. & KUNZ, T. H. 2006. Comparative roosting ecology of Cynopterus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) fruit bats in peninsular Malaysia. Biotropica 38:725734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CASTRO-ARELLANO, I., PRESLEY, S. J., WILLIG, M. R., WUNDERLE, J. M. & SALDANHA, L. N. 2009. Reduced-impact logging and temporal activity of understorey bats in lowland Amazonia. Biological Conservation 142:21312139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CIPOLLINI, M. L. & LEVEY, D. J. 1997. Secondary metabolites of fleshy vertebrate-dispersed fruits: adaptive hypotheses and implications for seed dispersal. American Naturalist 150:346372.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
CRUDEN, R. W., HERMANN, S. M. & PETERSON, S. 1983. Patterns of nectar production and plant-pollinator coevolution. Pp. 80125 in Bentley, B. & Elias, T. S. (eds.). The biology of nectaries. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
DARWIN, C. 1862. On the various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilized. J. Murray, London. 365 pp.Google Scholar
ELANGOVAN, V., MARIMUTHU, G. & KUNZ, T. H. 2000. Nectar feeding behavior in the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx (Pteropodidae). Acta Chiropterologica 2:15.Google Scholar
ELMQVIST, T., COX, P. A., RAINEY, W. E. & PIERSON, E. D. 1992. Restricted pollination on oceanic islands: pollination of Ceiba pentandra by flying foxes in Samoa. Biotropica 24:1523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FAEGRI, K. & VAN DER PIJL, L. 1966. The principles of pollination ecology. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 248 pp.Google Scholar
FENSTER, C. B., ARMBRUSTER, W. S., WILSON, P., DUDASH, M. R. & THOMSON, J. D. 2004. Pollination syndromes and floral specialization. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35:375403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FISCHER, E. A. 1992. Foraging of nectarivorous bats on Bauhinia ungulata . Biotropica 24:579582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FLEMING, T. H., GEISELMAN, C. & KRESS, W. J. 2009. The evolution of bat pollination: a phylogenetic perspective. Annals of Botany 104:10171043.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
FRANCIS, C. M. 2008. A field guide to the mammals of Thailand and South-east Asia. New Holland Publishers Ltd., London. 392 pp.Google Scholar
FRICK, W. F., PRICE, R. D., HEADY, P. A. & KAY, K. M. 2013. Insectivorous bat pollinates columnar cactus more effectively per visit than specialized nectar bat. American Naturalist 181:137144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FUNAKOSHI, K. & AKBAR, Z. 1997. Behavioural and reproductive ecology of the dog-faced fruit bats, Cynopterus brachyotis and C. horsfieldi, in a Malaysian rainforest. Mammal Study 22:95108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
GOULD, E. 1978. Foraging behavior of Malaysian nectar-feeding bats. Biotropica 10:184193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
GROMAN, J. D. & PELLMYR, O. 1999. The pollination biology of Manfreda virginica (Agavaceae): relative contribution of diurnal and nocturnal visitors. Oikos 87:373381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
HODGKISON, R., BALDING, S. T., ZUBAID, A. & KUNZ, T. H. 2004a. Temporal variation in the relative abundance of fruit bats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae) in relation to the availability of food in a lowland Malaysian rain forest. Biotropica 36:522533.Google Scholar
HODGKISON, R., BALDING, S. T., ZUBAID, A. & KUNZ, T. H. 2004b. Habitat structure, wing morphology, and the vertical stratification of Malaysian fruit bats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae). Journal of Tropical Ecology 20:667673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
HOWE, H. F. & SMALLWOOD, J. 1982. Ecology of seed dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13:201228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
HOWELL, D. J. & ROTH, B. S. 1981. Sexual reproduction in agaves: the benefits of bats; the cost of semelparous advertising. Ecology 62:17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
KUNZ, T. H. & FENTON, M. B. 2003. Bat ecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 779 pp.Google Scholar
KUNZ, T. H. & PARSONS, S. 2009. Ecological and behavioral methods for the study of bats. (Second edition). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 901 pp.Google Scholar
LA VAL, R. K. 1970. Banding returns and activity periods of some Costa Rican bats. The Southwestern Naturalist 15:110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MANCINA, C. A. & CASTRO-ARELLANO, I. 2013. Unusual temporal niche overlap in a phytophagous bat ensemble of western Cuba. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29:511521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MARIMUTHU, G., RAJAN, K. E., KOILRAJ, A. J., ISAAC, S. S. & BALASINGH, J. 1998. Observations on the foraging behavior of a tent roosting megachiropteran bat Cynopterus sphinx . Biotropica 30:321324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MARSHALL, A. G. 1983. Bats, flowers and fruit: evolutionary relationships in the Old World. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 20:115135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MARSHALL, A. G. 1985. Old World phytophagous bats (Megachiroptera) and their food plants: A survey. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 83:351369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MARTÉN-RODRÍGUEZ, S., ALMARALES-CASTRO, A. & FENSTER, C. B. 2009. Evaluation of pollination syndromes in Antillean Gesneriaceae: evidence for bat, hummingbird and generalized flowers. Journal of Ecology 97:348359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MUCHHALA, N. & THOMSON, J. D. 2010. Fur versus feathers: pollen delivery by bats and hummingbirds and consequences for pollen production. American Naturalist 175:717726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
PEDRO, W. A. & TADDEI, V. A. 2002. Temporal distribution of five bat species (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae) from Panga Reserve, south-eastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 19:951954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
PILLAY, M. & TENKOUANO, A. (eds.) 2011. Banana breeding: progress and challenges. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 383 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
PRESLEY, S. J., WILLIG, M. R., CASTRO-ARELLANO, I. & WEAVER, S. C. 2009. Effects of habitat conversion on temporal activity patterns of phyllostomid bats in lowland Amazonian rain forest. Journal of Mammalogy 90:210221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
REYNOLDS, R. J., WESTBROOK, M. J., ROHDE, A. S., CRIDLAND, J. M., FENSTER, C. B. & DUDASH, M. R. 2009. Pollinator specialization and pollination syndromes of three related North American Silene. Ecology 90:20772087.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
SINGARAVELAN, N. & MARIMUTHU, G. 2004. Nectar feeding and pollen carrying from Ceiba pentandra by pteropodid bats. Journal of Mammalogy 85:17.2.0.CO;2>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SPRENGEL, C. C. 1793. Das entdeckte Geheimniss der Naturim Bau und in der Befruchtung der Blumen. Vieweg, Berlin. 258 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SRIPAORAYA, E. 2005. The relationship between nectar sources and visits of the Cave Nectar Bat (Eonycteris spelaea Dobson). Master's thesis, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.Google Scholar
SRITONGCHUAY, T., BUMRUNGSRI, S. & SRIPAORAYA, E. 2008. The pollination ecology of the late-successional tree, Oroxylum indicum (Bignoniaceae) in Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24:477484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
SRITONGCHUAY, T., BUMRUNGSRI, S., MEESAWAT, U. & MAZER, S. J. 2010. Stigma closure and re-opening in Oroxylum indicum (Bignoniaceae): causes and consequences. American Journal of Botany 97:136143.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
START, A. N. 1974. The feeding biology in relation to food sources of nectarivorous bats (Chiroptera: Macroglossinae) in Malaysia. Doctoral thesis, University of Aberdeen, U.K.Google Scholar
SUYANTO, A. & STRUEBIG, M. J. 2007. Bats of the Sangkulirang limestone karst formations, East Kalimantan – a priority region for Bornean bat conservation. Acta Chiropterologica 9:6795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
THOMAS, D. W. & FENTON, M. B. 1978. Notes on the dry season roosting and foraging behavior of Epomophorus gambianus and Rousettus aegyptiacus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Journal of Zoology London 186:403406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
TSCHAPKA, M. 2003. Pollination of the understory palm Calyptrogyne ghiesbreghtiana by hovering and perching bats. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80:281288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
VIKAS, GAUTAM, M., TANDON, R. & RAM, H. Y. M. 2009. Pollination ecology and breeding system of Oroxylum indicum (Bignoniaceae) in the foothills of the Western Himalaya. Journal of Tropical Ecology 25:9396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
WILLMER, P. 2011. Pollination and floral ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton. 828 pp.Google Scholar
13
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Differences in foraging times between two feeding guilds within Old World fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in southern Thailand
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Differences in foraging times between two feeding guilds within Old World fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in southern Thailand
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Differences in foraging times between two feeding guilds within Old World fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in southern Thailand
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *