Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 14
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bobadilla, S. Yasmin Benitez, Verónica V. and Guichón, M. Laura 2016. AsiaticCallosciurussquirrels as seed dispersers of exotic plants in the Pampas. Current Zoology, Vol. 62, Issue. 3, p. 215.

    Camargo-Sanabria, Angela A. and Mendoza, Eduardo 2016. Interactions between terrestrial mammals and the fruits of two neotropical rainforest tree species. Acta Oecologica, Vol. 73, p. 45.

    Haurez, Barbara Daïnou, Kasso Tagg, Nikki Petre, Charles-Albert and Doucet, Jean-Louis 2015. The role of great apes in seed dispersal of the tropical forest tree species Dacryodes normandii (Burseraceae) in Gabon. Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 31, Issue. 05, p. 395.

    Sekar, Nitin and Sukumar, Raman 2015. The Asian elephant is amongst the top three frugivores of two tree species with easily edible fruit. Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 31, Issue. 05, p. 385.

    2014. Seeds.

    Asanok, Lamthai Marod, Dokrak Duengkae, Prateep Pranmongkol, Umpron Kurokawa, Hiroko Aiba, Masahiro Katabuchi, Masatoshi and Nakashizuka, Tohru 2013. Relationships between functional traits and the ability of forest tree species to reestablish in secondary forest and enrichment plantations in the uplands of northern Thailand. Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 296, p. 9.

    Kitamura, Shumpei 2011. Frugivory and seed dispersal by hornbills (Bucerotidae) in tropical forests. Acta Oecologica, Vol. 37, Issue. 6, p. 531.

    SANKAMETHAWEE, Wangworn PIERCE, Andrew J. GALE, George A. and HARDESTY, Britta Denise 2011. Plant-frugivore interactions in an intact tropical forest in north-east Thailand. Integrative Zoology, Vol. 6, Issue. 3, p. 195.

    Seufert, Verena Linden née Heikamp, Birthe and Fischer, Frauke 2010. Revealing secondary seed removers: results from camera trapping. African Journal of Ecology, Vol. 48, Issue. 4, p. 914.

    Kitamura, Shumpei Suzuki, Shunsuke Yumoto, Takakazu Wohandee, Prawat and Poonswad, Pilai 2009. Evidence of the Consumption of Fallen Figs by Oriental Pied HornbillAnthracoceros albirostrison the Ground in Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. Ornithological Science, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Kitamura, Shumpei Yumoto, Takakazu Poonswad, Pilai Suzuki, Shunsuke and Wohandee, Prawat 2008. Rare seed-predating mammals determine seed fate of Canarium euphyllum, a large-seeded tree species in a moist evergreen forest, Thailand. Ecological Research, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 169.

    Kitamura, Shumpei Yumoto, Takakazu Noma, Naohiko Chuailua, Phitaya Maruhashi, Tamaki Wohandee, Prawat and Poonswad, Pilai 2008. Aggregated seed dispersal by wreathed hornbills at a roost site in a moist evergreen forest of Thailand. Ecological Research, Vol. 23, Issue. 6, p. 943.

    Nakagawa, Michiko Hyodo, Fujio and Nakashizuka, Tohru 2007. Effect of forest use on trophic levels of small mammals: an analysis using stable isotopes. Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 85, Issue. 4, p. 472.

    Vamosi, Jana C. Zhang, Yu and Wilson, William G. 2007. Animal Dispersal Dynamics Promoting Dioecy over Hermaphroditism. The American Naturalist, Vol. 170, Issue. 3, p. 485.


Dispersal of Canarium euphyllum (Burseraceae), a large-seeded tree species, in a moist evergreen forest in Thailand

  • Shumpei Kitamura (a1) (a2), Shunsuke Suzuki (a3), Takakazu Yumoto (a1) (a4), Pilai Poonswad (a2), Phitaya Chuailua (a2), Kamol Plongmai (a2), Tamaki Maruhashi (a5), Naohiko Noma (a3) and Chumphon Suckasam (a6)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2006

We investigated the dispersal of a large-seeded tree species, Canarium euphyllum (Burseraceae), in the moist evergreen forests of the Khao Yai National Park in Thailand. By combining direct observations of fruit consumption in tree canopies (543 h) and the camera-trapping observations of fallen fruit consumption on the forest floor (175 camera-days), we identified the frugivore assemblage that foraged on the fruits of C. euphyllum and assessed their role in seed dispersal and seed predation. In the canopy, our results showed that seeds were dispersed by a limited set of frugivores, one pigeon and four hornbill species, and predated by two species of squirrel. On the forest floor, seven mammal species consumed fallen fruits. A combination of high rates of fruit removal and short visiting times of mountain imperial pigeons (Ducula badia) and hornbills (Buceros bicornis, Aceros undulatus, Anorrhinus austeni and Anthracoceros albirostris) led us to conclude that these large frugivorous birds provide effective seed dispersal for this tree species, in terms of quantity. These frugivorous species often have low tolerance to negative human impacts and loss of these dispersers would have severe deleterious consequences for the successful regeneration of C. euphyllum.

Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Present address: Thailand Hornbill Project, c/o Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Rd., Bangkok 10400, Thailand. Email:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *