BABWETEERA, F. & BROWN, N. 2010. Spatial patterns of tree recruitment in East African tropical forests that have lost their vertebrate seed dispersers. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26:193–203.
CONDIT, R., ASHTON, P. S., BAKER, P., BUNYAVEJCHEWIN, S., GUNATILLEKE, S., GUNATILLEKE, N., HUBBELL, S. P., FOSTER, R. B., ITOH, A., LAFRANKIE, J. V., LEE, H. S., LOSOS, E., MANOKARAN, N., SUKUMAR, R. & YAMAKURA, T. 2000. Spatial patterns in the distribution of tropical tree species. Science 288:1414–1418.
COOMES, D. A. 2003. Disturbances prevent stem size-density distributions in natural forests from following scaling relationships. Ecology Letters 6:980–989.
DOVČIAK, M., FRELICH, L. E. & REICH, P. B. 2001. Discordance in spatial patterns of white pine (Pinus strobus) size-classes in a patchy near-boreal forest. Journal of Ecology 89:280–291.
FIGUEIRA, A. M. E. S., MILLER, S. D., DE SOUSA, C. A. D., MENTON, M. C., MAIA, A. R., DA ROCHA, H. R. & GOULDEN, M. L. 2008. Effects of selective logging on tropical forest tree growth. Journal of Geophysical Research 113: doi:10.1029/2007JG000577
GETZIN, S., DEAN, C., HE, F., TROFYMOW, J. A., WIEGAND, K. & WIEGAND, T. 2006. Spatial patterns and competition of tree species in a Douglas-fir chronosequence on Vancouver Island. Ecography 29:671–682.
GETZIN, S., WIEGAND, K., SCHUMACHER, J. & GOUGEON, F. A. 2008a. Scale-dependent competition at the stand level assessed from crown areas. Forest Ecology and Management 255:2478–2485.
GETZIN, S., WIEGAND, T., WIEGAND, K. & HE, F. 2008b. Heterogeneity influences spatial patterns and demographics in forest stands. Journal of Ecology 96:807–820.
GOREAUD, F. & PÉLISSIER, R. 2003. Avoiding misinterpretation of biotic interactions with the intertype K12-function: population independence vs. random labelling hypotheses. Journal of Vegetation Science 14:681–692.
GRAY, L. & HE, F. 2009. Spatial point-pattern analysis for detecting density-dependent competition in a boreal chronosequence of Alberta. Forest Ecology and Management 259:98–106.
HE, F., LEGENDRE, P., & LAFRANKIE, J. V. 1997. Distribution patterns of tree species in a Malaysian tropical rain forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 8:105–114.
HUBBELL, S. P. 2006. Neutral theory and the evolution of ecological equivalence. Ecology 87:1387–1398.
HUBBELL, S. P. & FOSTER, R. B. 1986. Biology, chance and history and the structure of tropical rain forest tree communities. Pp. 314–329 in Diamond, J. M. & Case, T. J. (ed.). Community ecology. Harper and Row, New York.
HURTT, G. C. & PACALA, S. W. 1995. The consequences of recruitment limitation: reconciling chance, history, and competitive differences between plants. Journal of Theoretical Biology 176:1–12.
ILLIAN, J., PENTTINEN, A., STOYAN, H. & STOYAN, D. 2008. Statistical analysis and modelling of spatial point patterns. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. 560 pp.
KENKEL, N. C. 1988. Patterns of self-thinning in jack pine: testing the random mortality hypothesis. Ecology 69:1017–1024.
LAWES, M. J., GRIFFITHS, M. E., MIDGLEY, J. J., BOUDREAU, S., EELEY, H. A. C. & CHAPMAN, C. A. 2008. Tree spacing and area of competitive influence do not scale with tree size in an African rain forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 19: 729–738.
MATEU, J. 2000. Second-order characteristics of spatial marked processes with applications. Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications 1:145–162.
MURRELL, D. J. 2009. On the emergent spatial structure of size-structured populations: when does self-thinning lead to a reduction in clustering? Journal of Ecology 97:256–266.
PÉLISSIER, R. 1998. Tree spatial patterns in three contrasting plots of a southern Indian tropical moist evergreen forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14:1–16.
PEÑA-CLAROS, M., FREDERICKSEN, T. S., ALARCÓN, A., BLATE, G. M., CHOQUE, U., LEAÑO, C., LICONA, J. C., MOSTACEDO, B., PARIONA, W., VILLEGAS, Z. & PUTZ, F. E. 2008. Beyond reduced-impact logging: silvicultural treatments to increase growth rates of tropical trees. Forest Ecology and Management 256:1458–1467.
PENTTINEN, A., STOYAN, D. & HENTTONEN, H. M. 1992. Marked point processes in forest statistics. Forest Science 38:806–824.
PETERS, H. A. 2003. Neighbour-regulated mortality: the influence of positive and negative density dependence on tree populations in species-rich tropical forests. Ecology Letters 6:757–765.
PICARD, N., BAR-HEN, A., MORTIER, F. & CHADOEUF, J. 2009. Understanding the dynamics of an undisturbed tropical rain forest from the spatial pattern of trees.Journal of Ecology 97:97–108.
PLOTKIN, J. B., CHAVE, J. & ASHTON, P. S. 2002. Cluster analysis of spatial patterns in Malaysian tree species. American Naturalist 160:629–644.
STOLL, P. & NEWBERY, D. M. 2005. Evidence of species-specific neighborhood effects in the Dipterocarpaceae of a Bornean rain forest. Ecology 86:3048–3062.
STOYAN, D. 1984. Correlations of the marks of marked point processes – statistical inference and simple models. Journal of Information Processing and Cybernetics 20:285–294.
STOYAN, D. & PENTTINEN, A. 2000. Recent applications of point process methods in forestry statistics. Statistical Science 15:61–78.
STOYAN, D. & STOYAN, H. 1994. Fractals, random shapes and point fields. Methods of geometrical statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester. 406 pp.
WÄLDER, O. & STOYAN, D. 1996. On variograms in point process statistics. Biometrical Journal 38: 895–905.
WIEGAND, T. & MOLONEY, K. A. 2004. Rings, circles, and null-models for point pattern analysis in ecology. Oikos 104:209–229.
WIEGAND, T., GUNATILLEKE, S. & GUNATILLEKE, N. 2007. Species associations in a heterogeneous Sri Lankan dipterocarp forest. American Naturalist 170:E77–E95.
WORBES, M. & JUNK, W. J. 1999. How old are tropical trees? The persistence of a myth. IAWA Journal 20:255–260.
WORBES, M., KLINGE, H., REVILLA, J. D. & MARTIUS, C. 1992. On the dynamics, floristic subdivision and geographical distribution of várzea forests in Central Amazonia. Journal of Vegetation Science 3:553–564.
WORBES, M., STASCHEL, R., ROLOFF, A. & JUNK, W. J. 2003. Tree ring analysis reveals age structure, dynamics and wood production of a natural forest stand in Cameroon. Forest Ecology and Management 173:105–123.