Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 13
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Nakase, Yuta and Suetsugu, Kenji 2016. Technique to detect flower-visiting insects in video monitoring and time-lapse photography data. Plant Species Biology, Vol. 31, Issue. 2, p. 148.


    Sritongchuay, Tuanjit Kremen, Claire and Bumrungsri, Sara 2016. Effects of forest and cave proximity on fruit set of tree crops in tropical orchards in Southern Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 32, Issue. 04, p. 269.


    Stewart, Alyssa B. and Dudash, Michele R. 2016. Differential pollen placement on an Old World nectar bat increases pollination efficiency. Annals of Botany, Vol. 117, Issue. 1, p. 145.


    Syafiq, Muhamad Nur Atiqah, Abd Rahman Ghazali, Amal Asmah, Siti Yahya, Muhammad S. Aziz, Najjib Puan, Chong Leong and Azhar, Badrul 2016. Responses of tropical fruit bats to monoculture and polyculture farming in oil palm smallholdings. Acta Oecologica, Vol. 74, p. 11.


    Acharya, Pushpa Raj Racey, Paul A McNeil, Don Sotthibandhu, Sunthorn and Bumrungsri, Sara 2015. Timing of Cave Emergence and Return in the Dawn Bat (Eonycteris spelaea, Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Southern Thailand. Mammal Study, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 47.


    Acharya, Pushpa Raj Racey, Paul A. Sotthibandhu, Sunthorn and Bumrungsri, Sara 2015. Home-Range and Foraging Areas of the Dawn BatEonycteris spelaeain Agricultural Areas of Thailand. Acta Chiropterologica, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 307.


    Davidai, Noa Westbrook, John K. Lessard, Jean-Philippe Hallam, Thomas G. and McCracken, Gary F. 2015. The importance of natural habitats to Brazilian free-tailed bats in intensive agricultural landscapes in the Winter Garden region of Texas, United States. Biological Conservation, Vol. 190, p. 107.


    Maas, Bea Karp, Daniel S. Bumrungsri, Sara Darras, Kevin Gonthier, David Huang, Joe C.-C. Lindell, Catherine A. Maine, Josiah J. Mestre, Laia Michel, Nicole L. Morrison, Emily B. Perfecto, Ivette Philpott, Stacy M. Şekercioğlu, Çagan H. Silva, Roberta M. Taylor, Peter J. Tscharntke, Teja Van Bael, Sunshine A. Whelan, Christopher J. and Williams-Guillén, Kimberly 2015. Bird and bat predation services in tropical forests and agroforestry landscapes. Biological Reviews, p. n/a.


    Racey, Paul A. 2015. Bats and Viruses.


    Bumrungsri, Sara Lang, Duncan Harrower, Colin Sripaoraya, Ekapong Kitpipit, Kitika and Racey, Paul A. 2013. The Dawn Bat,Eonycteris spelaeaDobson (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) Feeds Mainly on Pollen of Economically Important Food Plants in Thailand. Acta Chiropterologica, Vol. 15, Issue. 1, p. 95.


    Lassen, Kristin Marie Ræbild, Anders Hansen, Henrik Brødsgaard, Camilla J. and Eriksen, Erik Nymann 2012. Bats and bees are pollinating Parkia biglobosa in The Gambia. Agroforestry Systems, Vol. 85, Issue. 3, p. 465.


    Phommexay, Phansamai Satasook, Chutamas Bates, Paul Pearch, Malcolm and Bumrungsri, Sara 2011. The impact of rubber plantations on the diversity and activity of understorey insectivorous bats in southern Thailand. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 20, Issue. 7, p. 1441.


    Bumrungsri, Sara Sripaoraya, Ekapong Chongsiri, Thanongsak Sridith, Kitichate and Racey, Paul A. 2009. The pollination ecology of durian ( Durio zibethinus, Bombacaceae) in southern Thailand. Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 25, Issue. 01, p. 85.


    ×

The pollination ecology of two species of Parkia (Mimosaceae) in southern Thailand

  • Sara Bumrungsri (a1), Andrew Harbit (a2), Charles Benzie (a2), Kristine Carmouche (a2), Kitichate Sridith (a1) and Paul Racey (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0266467408005191
  • Published online: 01 September 2008
Abstract
Abstract:

Although the floral traits of Parkia conform to the bat-pollination syndrome, many visitors other than bats have been observed at their flowers. Some chiropterophilous plants are also pollinated by other animals; the syndrome is therefore best regarded as a hypothesis for which field observations and pollination experiments are required. The present study aimed, for the first time, to determine the breeding system of the economically important canopy trees, Parkia speciosa and P. timoriana, and to identify their pollinators. Pollination experiments carried out in Trang and Songkhla Provinces, in 28 trees of P. speciosa and four P. timoriana indicated that they are self incompatible. Open pollination resulted in the highest fruit set (average 60–67% of inflorescences per tree) although this was not significantly different from hand-crossed pollination (48–60%). Insect pollination resulted in fruit set in only 12% of P. speciosa inflorescences. Fruit bats, mainly Eonycteris spelaea, visit flowering plants continuously from dusk till after midnight. Nocturnal and diurnal insects (moths and stingless bees respectively) visit capitula, mostly at the nectar zone. Nectarivorous bats are the most effective pollinator for P. speciosa and P. timoriana. The fact that populations of E. spelaea appear to be declining throughout their distribution is therefore a matter of increasing concern.

Copyright
Corresponding author
1Corresponding author. Email: sara_psu@hotmail.com
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. G. BAKER & B. J. HARRIS 1957. The pollination of Parkia by bats and its attendant evolutionary problems. Evolution 11:449460.

K. S. BAWA 1990. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical rain forests. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 21:399422.

K. S. BAWA , D. R. PERRY & J. H. BEACH 1985. Reproductive biology of tropical lowland rain forest trees. I. Sexual systems and self-incompatibility mechanisms. American Journal of Botany 72:331345.

C. R. BIRKINSHAW & I. COLQUHOUN 1998. Pollination of Ravenala madagascariensis and Parkia madagascariensis by Eulemur macaco in Madagascar. Folia Primatologica 69:252259.

S. BUMRUNGSRI & P. A. RACEY 2007. Resource partitioning in sympatric Cynopterus brachyotis (Muller, 1838) and C. sphinx (Vahl, 1797) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in lowland tropical rain forest, Thailand. Biotropica 39:241248.

L. CHITTKA , J. D. THOMSON & N. M. WASER 1999. Flower constancy, insect psychology, and plant evolution. Naturwissenschaften 86:361377.

R. W. CRUDEN 2000. Pollen-ovule ratios: a conservative indicator of breeding systems in flowering plants. Evolution 31:3246.

T. H. FLEMING & V. J. SOSA 1994. Effects of nectarivorous and frugivorous mammals on reproductive success of plants. Journal of Mammalogy 75:845851.

T. H. FLEMING , C. T. SAHLEY , J. N. HOLLAND , J. D. NASON & J. L. HAMRICK 2001. Sonoran desert columnar cacti and the evolution of generalized pollination systems. Ecological Monograph 71:511530.

E. GOULD 1978. Foraging behavior of Malaysian nectar-feeding bats. Biotropica 10:184193.

R. GRIBEL , P. E. GIBBS & A. QUEIROZ 1999. Flowering phenology and pollination biology of Ceiba pentandra (Bombacaceae) in central Amazonia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 15:247263.

E. R. HEITHAUS 1982. Coevolution between bats and plants. Pp. 327367 in T. H. Kunz (ed.). Ecology of bats. Plenum Press, New York, USA. 425 pp.

E. R. HEITHAUS , P. A. OPLER & H. G. BAKER 1974. Bat activity and pollination of Bauhinia pauletia: plant pollinator coevolution. Ecology 55:412419.

H. C. F. HOPKINS 1983. The taxonomy, reproductive biology and economic potential of Parkia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Africa and Madagascar. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 87:135167.

H. C. F. HOPKINS 1984. Floral biology and pollination ecology of the neotropical species of Parkia. Journal of Ecology 72:123.

H. C. F. HOPKINS 1994. The Indo-Pacific species of Parkia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Kew Bulletin 49:181234.

M. J. G. HOPKINS , H. C. F. HOPKINS & C. A. SOTHERS 2000. Nocturnal pollination of Parkia velutina by Megalopta bees in Amazonia and its possible significance in the evolution of chiropterophily. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16:733746.

C. N. IBARRA-CERDEÑA , L. I. IÑIGUEZ-DÁVALOS & V. SÁNCHEZ-CORDERO 2005. Pollination ecology of Stenocereus queretaroensis (Cactaceae), a chiropterophilous columnar cactus, in a tropical dry forest of Mexico. American Journal of Botany 92:503509.

S. D. JOHNSON & K. E. STEINER 2000. Generalization versus specialization in plant pollination systems. Trend in Evolution and Ecology 15:140143.

D. J. KITCHENER , A. GUNNELL & MAHARADATUNKASI. 1990. Aspects of the feeding biology of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) on Lombok Island, Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Mammalia 54:561578.

T. K. LIM & L. LUDERS 1998. Durian flowering pollination and incompatibility studies. Annals of Applied Biology 132:151165.

M. LUCKOW , & H. C. F. HOPKINS 1995. A cladistic analysis of Parkia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). American Journal of Botany 82:13001320.

A. G. MARSHALL 1983. Bats, flower and fruit: evolutionary relationships in the old world. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 20:115135.

F. MOLINA-FREANER & L. E. EGUIARTE 2003. The pollination biology of two paniculate agaves (Agavaceae) from northwestern Mexico: contrasting roles of bats as pollinators. American Journal of Botany 90:10161024.

K. MOMOSE , T. YUMOTO , T. NAGAMITSU , M. KATO , H. NAGAMUSU , S. SAKAI , R. D. HARRISON , T. ITIOKA , A. A. HAMID & T. ANDINOUE 1998. Pollination biology in a lowland dipterocarp forest in Sarawak, Malaysia I. Characteristics of the plant-pollinator community in a lowland dipterocarp forest. American Journal of Botany 85:14771501.

J. OLLERTON 1998. Sunbird surprise for syndromes. Nature 394:726727.

N. RAMIREZ 2004. Pollination specialization and time of pollination on a tropical Venezuelan plain: variations in time and space. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145:116.

N. W. WASER , L. CHITTKA , M. V. PRICE , N. M. WILLIAMS & J. OLLERTON 1996. Generalization in pollination systems, and why it matters. Ecology 77:10431060.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Tropical Ecology
  • ISSN: 0266-4674
  • EISSN: 1469-7831
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-tropical-ecology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: