Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Vaezzadeh, Majid Quan, Wang Saeidi, Mohammadreza and Seeabi, Araz 2008. Self-magnetism and Persistent Photoconductivity. Communications in Theoretical Physics, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 999.

    Neubert, Torsten and Banks, Peter M 1992. Recent results from studies of electron beam phenomena in space plasmas. Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 40, Issue. 2-3, p. 153.

    Peratt, A. L. Peter, W. and Snell, C. M. 1990. 3-Dimensional Particle-in-Cell Simulations of Spiral Galaxies. Symposium - International Astronomical Union, Vol. 140, p. 143.

    Peter, W. and Peratt, A.L. 1990. Synchrotron radiation spectrum for galactic-sized plasma filaments. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 49.

    Hora, H. Min, G. Eliezer, S. Lalousis, P. Pease, R.S. and Szichman, H. 1989. On the surface tension of plasmas. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 284.


The role of particle beams and electrical currents in the plasma universe

  • Anthony L. Peratt (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

Cosmic plasma physics and our concept of the universe is in a state of rapid revision. This change started with in-situ measurements of plasmas in Earth's ionosphere, cometary atmospheres, and planetary magnetospheres; the transition of knowledge from laboratory experiments to astrophysical phenomena; discoveries of helical and filamentary plasma structures in the Galaxy and double radio sources; and the particle simulation of plasmas not accessible to in-situ measurement. Because of these, Birkeland (field-aligned) currents, double layers, and magnetic-field aligned electric fields are now known to be far more important to the evolution of space plasma, including the acceleration of charged particles to high energies, than previously thought. This paper reviews the observational evidence for a plasma universe threaded by Birkeland currents and particle beams.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H. Alfvén & N. Herlofson 1950 Phys. Rev. 78, 616.

H. Alfvén 1977 Rev. Geophys & Space Sci. 15, 271.

H. Alfvén and P. Carlqvist 1978 Astrophys. Space Sci. 55, 484.

H. Alfvén 1981 Cosmic Plasma, D. Reidel Publ. Co.Dordrecht, Holland.

S.-I. Akasofu 1984 in Magnetospheric Currents, T. A. Potemra , Ed. (Geophysical Monograph No. 28), American Geophys. Union, Washington, D.C., 29.

D. J. Batuski & J. O. Burns 1985 Ap. J. 299, 5.

W. H. Bennett 1934 Phys. Rev. 45, 890.

C. Chan & N. Hershkowitz 1982 Phys. Fluids 25, 2135.

C. A. Collins 1986 Nature 320, 506.

A. J. Dessler 1984 in Magnetospheric Currents, T. A. Potemra , Ed. (Geophysical Monograph No. 28), American Geophys. Union, Washington, D.C.

B. E. Meierovich 1984 Phys. Reports 104, 259.

G. Miley 1980 Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 18, 165.

A. L. Peratt , J. Green & D. Nielsen 1980 Phys. Rev. Letters 44, 1767.

A. L. Peratt & J. C. Green 1983 Astrophys. Space Sci. 91, 19.

W. Peter and A. L. Peratt 1988 Laser and Particle Beams (this issue).

R. B. Tully 1986 Astrophys. J. 303, 25.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Laser and Particle Beams
  • ISSN: 0263-0346
  • EISSN: 1469-803X
  • URL: /core/journals/laser-and-particle-beams
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *