Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-544b6db54f-n9d2k Total loading time: 0.306 Render date: 2021-10-21T03:34:54.897Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Do Corrupt Politicians Mobilize or Demobilize Voters? A Vignette Experiment in Colombia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 May 2018

Miguel Carreras*
Affiliation:
Assistant professor of political science at the University of California, Riverside.
Sofia Vera*
Affiliation:
Doctoral candidate in the Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh.

Abstract

The literature studying the behavioral effects of political corruption is rapidly growing. While some studies explore the contextual and institutional factors that can neutralize the effects of corruption, this article addresses a different mechanism for weak electoral accountability for corruption: citizen (de)mobilization. It uses a vignette experiment embedded in a nationally representative AmericasBarometer survey in Colombia to isolate the causal effect of political corruption on electoral participation. The results suggest that receiving credible information about the corrupt behavior of politicians running for office decreases the likelihood of participation in elections. It also shows that corruption demobilizes voters even when corrupt politicians are able to provide public works to their constituencies, which casts doubt on the idea that citizens exchange integrity for favorable policy outcomes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2018 University of Miami 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Anderson, Christopher J., and Tverdova, Yuliya V.. 2003. Corruption, Political Allegiances, and Attitudes Toward Government in Contemporary Democracies. American Journal of Political Science 47, 1: 91109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anduiza, Eva, Gallego, Aina, and Muñoz, Jordi. 2013. Turning a Blind Eye: Experimental Evidence of Partisan Bias in Attitudes Toward Corruption. Comparative Political Studies 46, 12: 16641692.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balán, Manuel. 2014. Surviving Corruption in Brazil: Lula’s and Dilma’s Success Despite Corruption Allegations, and Its Consequences. Journal of Politics in Latin America 6, 3: 6793.Google Scholar
Barabas, Jason, and Jerit, Jennifer. 2010. Are Survey Experiments Externally Valid? American Political Science Review 104, 2: 226242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bauhr, Monika, and Grimes, Marcia. 2014. Indignation or Resignation: The Implications of Transparency for Societal Accountability. Governance 27, 2: 291320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blake, Charles H., and Morris, Stephen D., eds. 2009. Corruption and Democracy in Latin America. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Botero, Sandra, Cornejo, Rodrigo Castro, Gamboa, Laura, Pavão, Nara, and Nickerson, David W.. 2015. Says Who? An Experiment on Allegations of Corruption and Credibility of Sources. Political Research Quarterly 68, 3: 493504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bowler, Shaun, and Karp, Jeffrey A.. 2004. Politicians, Scandals, and Trust in Government. Political Behavior 26, 3: 271287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caillier, James. 2010. Citizen Trust, Political Corruption, and Voting Behavior: Connecting the Dots. Politics and Policy 38, 5: 10151035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Camaj, Lindita. 2013. The Media’s Role in Fighting Corruption: Media Effects on Governmental Accountability. International Journal of Press/Politics 18, 1: 2142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlin, Ryan E. 2011. Distrusting Democrats and Political Participation in New Democracies: Lessons from Chile. Political Research Quarterly 64, 3: 668687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlin, Ryan E., and Love, Gregory J.. 2015. Who is the Latin American Voter? In The Latin American Voter: Pursuing Representation and Accountability in Challenging Contexts, ed. Carlin, Matthew M. Singer, and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. 3159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlin, Ryan E., Love, Gregory J., and Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia. 2015. Cushioning the Fall: Scandals, Economic Conditions, and Executive Approval. Political Behavior 37, 1: 109130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carreras, Miguel. Forthcoming. Presidential Institutions and Electoral Participation in Concurrent Elections in Latin America. Political Studies.Google Scholar
Carreras, Miguel, and Castañeda-Angarita, Néstor. 2014. Who Votes in Latin America? A Test of Three Theoretical Perspectives. Comparative Political Studies 47, 8: 10791104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carreras, Miguel, and İrepoğlu, Yasemin. 2013. Trust in Elections, Vote Buying, and Turnout in Latin America. Electoral Studies 32, 4: 609619.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chang, Eric C. C., and Chu, Yun-han. 2005. Corruption and Trust: Exceptionalism in Asian Democracies? Journal of Politics 68, 2: 259271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chang, Eric C. C., Golden, Miriam A., and Hill, Seth J.. 2010. Legislative Malfeasance and Political Accountability. World Politics 62, 2: 177220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choi, Eunjung, and Woo, Jongseok. 2010. Political Corruption, Economic Performance, and Electoral Outcomes: A Cross-National Analysis. Contemporary Politics 16, 3: 249262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chong, Alberto, De La O, Ana L., Karlan, Dean, and Wantchekon, Leonard. 2015. Does Corruption Information Inspire the Fight or Quash the Hope? A Field Experiment in Mexico on Voter Turnout, Choice, and Party Identification. Journal of Politics 77, 1: 5571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chowdhury, Shyamal K. 2004. The Effect of Democracy and Press Freedom on Corruption: An Empirical Test. Economics Letters 85, 1: 93101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Correa, Andrea, and Forero, Diana. 2014. Incentivos al abstencionismo electoral por apatía en ciudadanos bogotanos que nunca han votado. Suma de Negocios 5, 12: 105114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cox, Michaelene. 2003. When Trust Matters: Explaining Differences in Voter Turnout. Journal of Common Market Studies 41, 4: 757770.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dahlberg, Stefan, and Solevid, Maria. 2016. Does Corruption Suppress Voter Turnout? Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties 26, 4: 489510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dalton, Russell J., and Welzel, Christian. 2014. The Civic Culture Transformed: From Allegiant to Assertive Citizens. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, Charles L., Ai Camp, Roderic, and Coleman, Kenneth M.. 2004. The Influence of Party Systems on Citizens’ Perceptions of Corruption and Electoral Response in Latin America. Comparative Political Studies 37, 6: 677703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Sousa, Luis, and Moriconi, Marcelo. 2013. Why Voters Do Not Throw the Rascals Out: A Conceptual Framework for Analysing Electoral Punishment of Corruption. Crime, Law and Social Change 60, 5: 471502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Vries, Catherine E., and Solaz, Hector. 2017. The Electoral Consequences of Corruption. Annual Review of Political Science 20: 391408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dimock, Michael A., and Jacobson, Gary C.. 1995. Checks and Choices: The House Bank Scandal’s Impact on Voters in 1992. Journal of Politics 57, 4: 11431159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Escaleras, Monica, Calcagno, Peter T., and Shughart, William F.. 2012. Corruption and Voter Participation: Evidence from the US States. Public Finance Review 40, 6: 789815.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
El Espectador (Bogotá). 2015. Votar para vencer la apatía. Editorial. October 23. https://www.elespectador.com/opinion/editorial/votar-vencer-apatia-articulo-594835Google Scholar
Ezrow, Lawrence, and Xezonakis, Georgios. 2016. Satisfaction with Democracy and Voter Turnout: A Temporal Perspective. Party Politics 22, 1: 314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fernández-Vázquez, Pablo, Barberá, Pablo, and Rivero, Gonzalo. 2016. Rooting Out Corruption or Rooting for Corruption? The Heterogeneous Electoral Consequences of Scandals. Political Science Research and Methods 4, 2: 379397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferraz, Claudio, and Finan, Federico. 2008. Exposing Corrupt Politicians: The Effects of Brazil’s Publicly Released Audits on Electoral Outcomes. Quarterly Journal of Economics 123, 2: 703745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finkel, Steven E. 1985. Reciprocal Effects of Participation and Political Efficacy: A Panel Analysis. American Journal of Political Science 29, 4: 891913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finkel, Steven E.. 1987. The Effects of Participation on Political Efficacy and Political Support: Evidence from a West German Panel. Journal of Politics 49, 2: 441464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fornos, Carolina A., Power, Timothy J., and Garand, James C.. 2004. Explaining Voter Turnout in Latin America, 1980 to 2000. Comparative Political Studies 37, 8: 909940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gerber, Alan S., and Green, Donald P.. 2012. Field Experiments: Design, Analysis, and Interpretation. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Gil Ospina, Armando A., and Jaramillo, Harold Martínez. 2007. Las transferencias como estrategia del proyecto regional de descentralización fiscal. Gestión y Región 4: 111138.Google Scholar
Gingerich, Daniel W. 2009. Corruption and Political Decay: Evidence from Bolivia. Quarterly Journal of Political Science 4, 1: 134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grönlund, Kimmo, and Setälä, Maija. 2007. Political Trust, Satisfaction and Voter Turnout. Comparative European Politics 5, 4: 400422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hagopian, Frances, and Mainwaring, Scott. 2005. The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America: Advances and Setbacks. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirano, Shigeo, and Snyder, James M.. 2012. What Happens to Incumbents in Scandals? Quarterly Journal of Political Science 7, 4: 447456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hirschman, Albert O. 1970. Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Hochstetler, Kathryn. 2006. Rethinking Presidentialism: Challenges and Presidential Falls in South America. Comparative Politics 38, 4: 401418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingall, Rachael E., and Crisp, Brian F.. 2001. Determinants of Home Style: The Many Incentives for Going Home in Colombia. Legislative Studies Quarterly 26, 3: 487512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inglehart, Ronald, and Welzel, Christian. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Inman, Kris, and Andrews, Josephine T.. 2009. Corruption and Political Participation in Africa: Evidence from Survey and Experimental Research. Paper presented at the 2008 Midwest Political Science Association Annual Conference, Chicago, April 3–6.Google Scholar
Karahan, Gökhan R., Coats, R. Morris, and Shughart, William F.. 2006. Corrupt Political Jurisdictions and Voter Participation. Public Choice 126, 1: 87106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karp, Jeffrey A., and Banducci, Susan A.. 2008. Political Efficacy and Participation in Twenty-Seven Democracies: How Electoral Systems Shape Political Behaviour. British Journal of Political Science 38, 2: 311334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kerevel, Yann P. 2014. Loyalty and Disloyalty in the Mexican Party System. Latin American Politics and Society 56, 3: 93117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiewiet de Jonge, Chad. 2009. Corruption as a Mobilizing Grievance. Paper presented at the 67th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, April 2–5.Google Scholar
Klašnja, Marko, and Tucker, Joshua A.. 2013. The Economy, Corruption, and the Vote: Evidence from Experiments in Sweden and Moldova. Electoral Studies 32, 3: 536543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kostadinova, Tatiana. 2009. Abstain or Rebel: Corruption Perceptions and Voting in East European Elections. Politics and Policy 37, 4: 691714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavallée, Emmanuelle, Razafindrakoto, Mireille, and Roubaud, François. 2008. Corruption and Trust in Political Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Working Paper no. 102. Afrobarometer. http://afrobarometer.org/publications/wp102-corruption-and-trust-political-institutions-sub-saharan-africaGoogle Scholar
Machado, Fabiana, Scartascini, Carlos, and Tommasi, Mariano. 2011. Political Institutions and Street Protests in Latin America. Political Research Quarterly 55, 3: 340365.Google Scholar
Manzetti, Luigi, and Wilson, Carole J.. 2006. Corruption, Economic Satisfaction, and Confidence in Government: Evidence from Argentina. Latin Americanist 49, 2: 131139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marsh, David, O’Toole, Therese, and Jones, Stu. 2007. Young People and Politics in the UK: Apathy or Alienation? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morgenstern, Scott. 2002. Explaining Legislative Politics in Latin America. In Legislative Politics in Latin America, ed. Morgenstern and Benito Nacif. New York: Cambridge University Press. 413445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morris, Stephen D., and Klesner, Joseph L.. 2010. Corruption and Trust: Theoretical Considerations and Evidence from Mexico. Comparative Political Studies 43, 10: 12581285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morton, Rebecca B., and Williams, Kenneth C.. 2010. Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mutz, Diana C. 2011. Population-Based Survey Experiments. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Norris, Pippa. 2002. Democratic Phoenix: Reinventing Political Activism. New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olsson, Sofia A. 2014. Corruption and Political Participation: A Multilevel Analysis. Working paper 2014: 12. Quality of Government Institute, University of Gothenburg. https://qog.pol.gu.se/digitalAssets/1551/1551580_2014_12_arkhede-olsson.pdfGoogle Scholar
Pattie, Charles J., and Johnston, Ron J.. 2012. The Electoral Impact of the UK 2009 MPs’ Expenses Scandal. Political Studies 60, 4: 730750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pening Gaviria, Jean Philippe. 2003. Evaluación del proceso de descentralización en Colombia. Economía y Desarrollo 2, 1: 123149.Google Scholar
Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal. 2001. Neoinstitutional Accounts of Voter Turnout: Moving Beyond Industrial Democracies. Electoral Studies 20, 2: 281297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peters, John G., and Welch, Susan. 1980. The Effects of Charges of Corruption on Voting Behavior in Congressional Elections. American Political Science Review 74, 3: 697708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rennó, Lucio. 2008. Rewarding the Corrupt? Reelection and Scandal Involvement in the Brazilian 2006 Legislative Elections. Colombia Internacional 68: 98106.Google Scholar
Rosas, Guillermo, and Manzetti, Luigi. 2015. Reassessing the Trade-off Hypothesis: How Misery Drives the Corruption Effect on Presidential Approval. Electoral Studies 39: 2638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rundquist, Barry S., Strom, Gerald S., and Peters, John G.. 1977. Corrupt Politicians and Their Electoral Support: Some Experimental Observations. American Political Science Review 71, 3: 954963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seligson, Mitchell A. 2002a. The Impact of Corruption on Regime Legitimacy: A Comparative Study of Four Latin American Countries. Journal of Politics 64, 2: 408433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seligson, Mitchell A. 2002b. Trouble in Paradise? The Erosion of System Support in Costa Rica, 1978–1999. Latin American Research Review 37, 1: 160185.Google Scholar
Smith, Amy Erica. 2009. Legitimate Grievances: Preferences for Democracy, System Support, and Political Participation in Bolivia. Latin American Research Review 44, 3: 102126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockemer, Daniel, and Calca, Patricia. 2013. Corruption and Turnout in Portugal—A Municipal Level Study. Crime, Law and Social Change 60, 5: 535548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stockemer, Daniel, LaMontagne, Bernadette, and Scruggs, Lyle. 2013. Bribes and Ballots: The Impact of Corruption on Voter Turnout in Democracies. International Political Science Review 34, 1: 7490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sundström, Aksel, and Stockemer, Daniel. 2015. Regional Variation in Voter Turnout in Europe: The Impact of Corruption Perceptions. Electoral Studies 40: 158169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Treisman, Daniel. 2007. What Have We Learned About the Causes of Corruption from Ten Years of Cross‐National Research? Annual Review of Political Science 10: 211244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wagner, Markus, Tarlov, Jessica, and Vivyan, Nick. 2014. Partisan Bias in Opinion Formation on Episodes of Political Controversy: Evidence from Great Britain. Political Studies 62, 1: 136158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warren, Mark E. 2004. What Does Corruption Mean in a Democracy? American Journal of Political Science 48, 2: 328343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weyland, Kurt. 2002. Limitations of Rational-Choice Institutionalism for the Study of Latin American Politics. Studies in Comparative International Development 37, 1: 5785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Winters, Matthew S., and Weitz-Shapiro, Rebecca. 2013. Lacking Information or Condoning Corruption: When Do Voters Support Corrupt Politicians? Comparative Politics 45, 4: 418436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wroe, Andrew, Allen, Nicholas, and Birch, Sarah. 2013. The Role of Political Trust in Conditioning Perceptions of Corruption. European Political Science Review 5, 2: 175195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zamosc, Leon. 2012. Popular Impeachments: Ecuador in Comparative Perspective. In Shifting Frontiers of Citizenship: The Latin American Experience, ed. Marin Sznajder, Luis Roniger, and Carlos A. Forment. Leiden: Brill. 237266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zechmeister, Elizabeth J., and Zizumbo-Colunga, Daniel. 2013. The Varying Political Toll of Corruption in Good versus Bad Economic Times. Comparative Political Studies 46, 10: 11901218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
11
Cited by

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Do Corrupt Politicians Mobilize or Demobilize Voters? A Vignette Experiment in Colombia
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Do Corrupt Politicians Mobilize or Demobilize Voters? A Vignette Experiment in Colombia
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Do Corrupt Politicians Mobilize or Demobilize Voters? A Vignette Experiment in Colombia
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *