Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Legislative Parties in Volatile, Nonprogrammatic Party Systems: The Peruvian Case in Comparative Perspective

  • Eduardo Alemán (a1), Aldo F. Ponce (a2) and Iñaki Sagarzazu (a3)
Abstract

This article extends the analysis of political parties in electorally volatile and organizationally weak party systems by evaluating two implications centered on legislative voting behavior. First, it examines whether disunity prevails where weakness of programmatic and electoral commonalities abound. Second, it analyzes whether inchoate party systems weaken the ability of government parties to control the congressional agenda. The empirical analysis centers on Peru, a classic example of a weakly institutionalized party system, and how its legislative parties compare to those of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and the United States. The results lend support to the view that lower unity characterizes weakly institutionalized settings. The agenda-setting power of government parties, however, appears to be influenced more by the majority status of the government than by the level of party system institutionalization.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aldrich, John. 1995. Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
Aldrich, John, Berger, Mark, and Rohde, David. 2002. The Historical Variability in Conditional Party Government, 1877–1994. In Party, Process, and Political Change in Congress, Volume 2: Further New Perspectives on the History of Congress, ed. Brady, David and McCubbins, Matthew. Stanford : Stanford University Press. 1735.
Alemán, Eduardo. 2006. Policy Gatekeepers in Latin American Legislatures. Latin American Politics and Society 48, 3 (Fall): 125–55.
Angell, Alan. 1979. Peruvian Labour and the Military Government Since 1968. Working Paper. London : Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London.
Aydelotte, William. 1963. Voting Patterns in the British House of Commons in the 1840s. Comparative Studies in Society and History 5, 2: 134–63.
Bielasiak, Jack. 2002. The Institutionalization of Electoral and Party Systems in Postcommunist States. Comparative Politics 34: 189210.
Bowler, Shaun. 2000. Parties in a Legislature: Two Competing Explanations. In Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, ed. Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P.. Oxford : Oxford University Press. 157–79.
Carey, John. 2003. Transparency versus Collective Action: Fujimori's Legacy and the Peruvian Congress. Comparative Political Studies 36, 9: 9831006.
Carey, John. 2007. Competing Principals, Political Institutions, and Party Unity in Legislative Voting. American Journal of Political Science 51, 1: 92107.
Carey, John. 2009. Legislative Voting and Accountability. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Carey, John, and Shugart, Matthew. 1995. Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote. Electoral Studies 14, 4: 417–39.
Chaisty, Paul. 2005. Party Cohesion and Policy-Making in Russia. Party Politics 11, 3: 299318.
Cheibub, Jose Antonio. 2007. Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Clinton, Joshua, Jackman, Simon, and Rivers, Douglas. 2004. The Statistical Analysis of Roll Call Data. American Political Science Review 98: 355–70.
Coppedge, Michael. 1997. A Classification of Latin American Party Systems. Working Paper 244. Notre Dame : Kellogg Institute, University of Notre Dame. November.
Coppedge, Michael. 1998. The Dynamic Diversity of Latin American Party Systems. Party Politics 4, 4: 547–68.
Coppedge, Michael. 2001. Latin American Parties: Political Darwinism in the Lost Decade. In Political Parties and Democracy, ed. Diamond, Larry and Gunther, Richard. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press. 173205.
Cox, Gary, and McCubbins, Mathew M.. 1993. Legislative Leviathan: Party Government in the House. Berkeley : University of California Press.
Cox, Gary, and McCubbins, Mathew M.. 2005. Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Desposato, Scott. 2005. Correcting for Small Group Inflation of Roll-Call Cohesion Scores. British Journal of Political Science 35, 4: 731–44.
Dietz, Henry, and Myers, David. 2007. From Thaw to Deluge: Party System Collapse in Venezuela and Peru. Latin American Politics and Society 49, 2 (Summer): 5986.
Dix, Robert H. 1992. Democratization and the Institutionalization of Latin American Political Parties. Comparative Political Studies 24: 488511.
The Economist . 2008. The Latinobarómetro Poll: Democracy and the Downturn. November 13.
Field, Bonnie N., and Hamann, Kerstin, eds. 2008. Democracy and Institutional Development: Spain in Comparative Theoretical Perspective. New York : Palgrave Macmillan.
Figueiredo, Argelina Cheibub, and Limongi, Fernando. 2000. Presidential Power, Legislative Organization, and Party Behavior in Brazil. Comparative Politics 32, 2: 151–70.
Graham, Carol. 1990. Peru's Apra. Party in Power: Impossible Revolution, Relinquished Reform. Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 32, 3 (Fall): 75115.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1965. Political Development and Political Decay. World Politics 17, 3: 386430.
Jones, Mark P. 1995. Electoral Laws and the Survival of Presidential Democracies. Notre Dame : University of Notre Dame Press.
Jones, Mark P. 2007. Political Parties and Party Systems in Latin America. Paper prepared for the symposium “Prospects for Democracy in Latin America,” Department of Political Science, University of North Texas, Denton , April 5–6.
Kenney, Charles. 2003. The Death and Rebirth of a Party System: Peru 1978–2001. Comparative Political Studies 36, 10: 1210–39.
Kuenzi, Michelle, and Lambright, Gina. 2001. Party System Institutionalization in 30 African Countries. Party Politics 7: 437–68.
Lawrence, Eric, Maltzman, Forrest, and Smith, Steven. 2006. Who Wins? Party Effects in Legislative Voting. Legislative Studies Quarterly 31, 2: 3369.
Levitsky, Steven, and Cameron, Maxwell. 2003. Democracy without Parties? Political Parties and Regime Change in Fujimorís Peru. Latin American Politics and Society 45, 3 (Fall): 133.
Linz, Juan. 1990. The Perils of Presidentialism. Journal of Democracy 1: 7391.
Linz, Juan. 1994. Presidential or Parliamentary Democracy: Does It Make a Difference? In The Failure of Presidential Democracy: The Case of Latin America, ed. Linz, and Valenzuela, Arturo. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press. 388.
Londregan, John B. 2000. Legislative Institutions and Ideology in Chile. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Mainwaring, Scott. 1992. Brazilian Party Underdevelopment in Comparative Perspective. Political Science Quarterly 107, 4: 677707.
Mainwaring, Scott. 1998. Rethinking Party Systems Theory in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Importance of Party System Institutionalization. Working Paper 260. Notre Dame : Kellogg Institute, University of Notre Dame.
Mainwaring, Scott. 1999. Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: The Case of Brazil. Stanford : Stanford University Press.
Mainwaring, Scott, and Zoco, Edurne. 2007. Political Sequences and the Stabilization of Interparty Competition: Electoral Volatility in Old and New Democracies. Party Politics 13, 2: 155–78.
Mainwaring, Scott, and Torcal, Mariano. 2006. Party System Institutionalization and Party System Theory After the Third Wave of Democratization. In Handbook of Party Politics, ed. Katz, Richard S. and Crotty, William. London : Sage. 204–27.
Mainwaring, Scott, and Shugart, Matthew S.. 1997. Conclusion: Presidentialism and the Party System. In Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America, ed. Mainwaring, and Shugart, . New York : Cambridge University Press. 394439.
Mainwaring, Scott, and Scully, Timothy. 1995. Introduction: Party Systems in Latin America. In Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America, ed. Mainwaring, and Scully, . Stanford : Stanford University Press. 134.
Panebianco, Angelo. 1988. Political Parties: Organization and Power. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Payne, Mark, Zovatto, Daniel, Flórez, Fernando Carrillo, and Zavala, Andrés Allamand. 2002. Democracies in Development: Politics and Reform in Latin America. Washington , DC : Inter-American Development Bank.
Poole, Keith. 2000. Non-Parametric Unfolding of Binary Choice Data. Political Analysis 8, 3: 211–37.
Poole, Keith. 2005. Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting. New York : Cambridge University Press.
Poole, Keith, and Rosenthal, Howard. 1997. Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting. New York : Oxford University Press.
Rice, Stuart. 1925. The Behavior of Legislative Groups. Political Science Quarterly 40, 1: 6072.
Roberts, Kenneth. 2006. Do Parties Matter? Lessons from the Peruvian Experience. In The Fujimori Legacy, ed. Carrión, Julio. University Park : Pennsylvania State University Press. 81101.
Rosas, Guillermo. 2005. The Ideological Organization of Latin American Legislative Parties: an Empirical Analysis of Elite Policy Preferences. Comparative Political Studies 38, 7 (September): 824–49.
Samuels, David. 1999. Incentives to Cultivate a Party Vote in Candidate-Centric Electoral Systems: Evidence from Brazil. Comparative Political Studies 32, 4: 487518.
Sartori, Giovanni. 1976. Parties and Party Systems: A Framework for Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
Schmidt, Gregory D. 2007. Back to the Future? the 2006 Peruvian General Election. Electoral Studies 26: 813–19.
Schwartz, Thomas. 1989. Why Parties? Research Memorandum. Department of Political Science, University of California, Los Angeles .
Shugart, Matthew, and Carey, John. 1992. Presidents and Assemblies. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, Lewis. 2007. Politicians without Parties, Parties without Politicians: the Foibles of the Peruvian Political Class, 2000–2006. Bulletin of Latin American Research 26, 1: 123.
Thies, Michael. F. 2000. On the Primacy of Party in Government: Why Legislative Parties Can Survive Party Decline in the Electorate. In Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies, ed. Dalton, Russell J. and Wattenberg, Martin P.. Oxford : Oxford University Press. 238–57.
Tsebelis, George. 2002. Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton : Princeton University Press/Russell Sage Foundation.
World Economic Forum. Various dates. Global Competitiveness Report. Washington , DC : Inter-American Development Bank. http://www.iadb.org/datagob/index.html. Accessed January 2010.
Zucco, Cesar. 2009. Ideology or What? Legislative Behavior in Multiparty Presidential Settings. Journal of Politics 71, 3: 1076–92.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Latin American Politics and Society
  • ISSN: 1531-426X
  • EISSN: 1548-2456
  • URL: /core/journals/latin-american-politics-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed