Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Toward a Critique of Latin American Neostructuralism

  • Fernando Ignacio Leiva (a1)

Abstract

This article offers a critical assessment of the first postneoliberalism development framework that emerged in Latin America after 1990. The ability of neostructuralism to present an attractive narrative about a twenty-first-century “modernity with solidarity” is based on abandoning key tenets of ECLAC's structuralism and the thinking of Raúl Prebisch and Celso Furtado; namely, a focus on the distribution and appropriation of economic surplus and a framing of Latin American development problems in a world capitalist system. This article argues that Latin American neostructuralism's discursive strengths, as well as its analytical weaknesses, stem from the marginalization of power relations from key dimensions of the region's political economy. Since 2000, neostructuralism has exacerbated its descriptive, short-term perspective, further dulling its analytical edge, by focusing on policies that promote social cohesion and state intervention in the cultural and the socioemotional realm.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bates, Robert, and Krueger, Anne. 1993. Political and Economic Interactions in Economic Policy Reform: Evidence from Eight Countries. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bitar, Sergio. 1988. Neoliberalismo versus neoestructuralismo en América Latina. Revista de la CEPAL 34 (April).
Bouzas, Roberto. 2005. El nuevo regionalismo y el área de libre comercio de las Américas: un enfoque menos indulgente [the New Regionalism and the Free Trade Area of the Americas: a Less Complacent View]. Revista de la CEPAL 85 (April): 712.
Colclough, Christopher. 1991. Structuralism versus Neoliberalism: An Introduction. In States and Markets: Neoliberalism and the Development Policy Debate, ed. Colclough, and Manor, J.. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Eagleton, Terry. 1986. Against the Grain: Essays 1975–1985. London: Verso.
Eagleton, Terry. 1991. On Ideology: An Introduction. London: Verso.
Eagleton, Terry. 1996. The Illusions of Postmodernism. Oxford: Blackwell.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 1990. Changing Production Patterns with Social Equity. Santiago: United Nations.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 1992. Social Equity and Changing Production Patterns: An Integrated Approach. Santiago: United Nations.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 1994. Latin America and the Caribbean: Policies to Improve Linkages with the Global Economy. Santiago: United Nations.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 2004. Productive Development in Open Economies. Santiago: United Nations.
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). 2007. Social Cohesion: Inclusion and a Sense of Belonging in Latin America and the Caribbean. Press release. February 16. <http://www.eclac.org>.
Fine, Ben. 2000. Economic Imperialism and the New Development Economics as Kuhnian Paradigm Shift? World Development 30, 12: 2057–70.
Giddens, Anthony. 1998. The Third Way and the Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Greaves, Edward F. 2004. Municipality and Community in Chile: Building Imagined Civic Communities and Its Impact on the Political. Politics and Society 34, 2: 203–30.
Green, Duncan. 2003. Silent Revolution: The Rise and Fall of Market Economics in Latin America. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Gwynne, Robert, and Kay, Cristóbal. 2004. Latin America Transformed: Globalization and Modernity. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kay, Cristóbal. 1989. Latin American Theories of Development and Underdevelopment. London: Routledge.
Kay, Cristóbal, and Gwynne, Robert. 2002. Relevance of Structuralist and Dependency Theories in the Neoliberal Period: A Latin American Perspective. In Critical Perspectives on Globalization and Neoliberalism in Developing Countries, ed. Harris, Richard L. and Seid, Melinda J.. Leiden: Brill Academic.
Kirby, Peadar. 2003. Introduction to Latin America: Twenty-First Century Challenges. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Korzeniewicz, Roberto P., and Smith, William C.. 2000. Poverty, Inequality, and Growth in Latin America: Searching for the High Road to Globalization. Latin American Research Review 35, 3: 754.
Kuhn, Thomas. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Leiva, Fernando Ignacio. 2005. From Pinochet's State Terrorism to the Politics of Participation. In Democracy in Chile: The Legacy of September 11, 1973, ed. Nagy-Zekmi, Silvia and Leiva, . Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.
Leiva, Fernando Ignacio. 2008. Latin American Neostructuralism: The Contradictions of Post-Neoliberal Development. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Luhnow, David. 2005. Latin America's Left Takes Pragmatic Tack. Wall Street Journal, March 2: A15.
Machinea, José Luis, and Hopenhayn, Martin. 2005. La esquiva equidad en el desarrollo latinoamericano: una visión estructural, una aproximación multifacética [Elusive Equity in Latin American Development: A Structural Vision, A Multidimensional Approach]. Informe y Estudio Especial no. 14. Santiago: United Nations. June.
Meller, Patricio, ed. 1991. The Latin American Development Debate: Neostructuralism, Neomonetarism, and Adjustment Processes. Boulder: Westview Press.
Ocampo, José A., ed. 2000. Equidad, desarrollo y ciudadanía: visión global. Vol. 1, Visión global; vol. 2, Agenda social; vol. 3, Agenda económica. Santiago/Bogotá: CEPAL/Alfaomega.
Ocampo José, A., and Martín, Juan, eds. 2002. Globalization and Development. Santiago: United Nations.
Osorio, Jaime. 2002. Sobre las recetas para salir del subdesarrollo. Política y Cultura 17: 6998.
Ottone, Ernesto, and Sojo, Ana. 2007. Cohesión social: inclusión y sentido de pertenencia en América Latina y el Caribe [Social Cohesion: Inclusion and a Sense of Belonging in Latin America and the Caribbean]. Santiago: United Nations.
Petras, James, and Leiva, Fernando I.. 1994. Democracy and Poverty in Chile: The Limits to Electoral Politics. Boulder: Westview Press.
Prebisch, Raúl. 1981. Dialogue on Friedman and Hayek from the Standpoint of the Periphery. CEPAL Review 15: 153–74.
Robinson, William I. 2003. Transnational Conflicts: Central America, Social Change, and Globalization. London: Verso.
Robinson, William I. 2004. A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class, and State in a Transnational World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Rosales, Osvaldo. 1991. Posibilidades y desafíos de una estrategia de desarrollo alternativo [Possibilities and Challenges for an Alternative Development Strategy]. In Chile: problemas y perspectivas del actual modelo de desarrollo, vol. 2. Santiago: Sociedad Chilena de Economía Políitica.
Rosales, Osvaldo. 1995. Hacia una modernización solidaria: el debate entre progresismo y neoliberalismo. Debates y Propuestas: Revista del Instituto Fernando Otorgués 3: 98126.
Rosenthal, Gert. 2000. Los años ochenta y noventa. In La CEPAL en sus 50 años: notas de un seminario conmemorativo. Santiago: United Nations. 7380.
Schild, Verónica. 2000. Neoliberalism's New Gendered Market Citizens: the “Civilizing” Dimensions of Social Programmes in Chile. Citizenship Studies 4, 3: 275305.
Stallings, Barbara, and Peres, Wilson. 2000. Growth, Employment, and Equity: The Impact of the Economic Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution/ECLAC.
Sunkel, Osvaldo, ed., 1993. Development from Within: Toward a Neostructuralist Approach in Latin America. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Weyland, Kurt. 2007. The Political Economy of Market Reform and a Revival of Structuralism. Latin American Research Review 42, 3: 235–50.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Latin American Politics and Society
  • ISSN: 1531-426X
  • EISSN: 1548-2456
  • URL: /core/journals/latin-american-politics-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed