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    Hadden, Sally E. 2013. A Companion to American Legal History.


A Legal Tourist Visits Eighteenth-Century Britain: Henry Marchant's Observations on British Courts, 1771 to 1772


At the Rhode Island Historical Society there is a copy of an amazing journal, kept by Henry Marchant (1741–1796) during his eleven-month sojourn in England and Scotland as a colonial agent for Rhode Island. He was a practicing lawyer who had the first-hand opportunity to observe law as it operated on both sides of the Atlantic in the eighteenth century. He was not the only lawyer to do so, but his background as a trial lawyer made his perceptions differ substantially from those of the many colonial law students who received their legal educations in England. Dozens of young colonists ventured from home to London for the legal training and social polish twelve terms at the Inns of Court could provide; their legal notebooks record activities at the Westminster courts as students saw them, learning the law one case at a time, before they returned to the colonies and went into practice. A few more experienced lawyers, such as John Adams, likewise had the opportunity to visit Westminster Hall, but they typically went once or twice, and did not return.

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David S. Lovejoy , “Henry Marchant and the Mistress of the World,” William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 12 (1955): 375–98

Wiecek, “Somerset: Lord Mansfield and the Legitimacy of Slavery in the Anglo-American World,” University of Chicago Law Review 42 (1974): 86145

Michael G. Kammen , “The Colonial Agents, English Politics and the American Revolution,” William and Mary Quarterly 3rd ser., 22 (1965): 245

Susan Brayton , “The Library of an Eighteenth-century Gentleman of Rhode Island,” New England Quarterly 8 (1935): 278

G. M. Ditchfield , “‘How Narrow with the Limits of this Toleration Appear?’ Dissenting Petitions to Parliament, 1772–1773,” Parliamentary History 24 (2005): 91

Rachel Lin , “The Rhode Island Slave-Traders: Butchers, Bakers and Candlestick-Makers,” Slavery and Abolition 23 (3) (2002): 3032

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Law and History Review
  • ISSN: 0738-2480
  • EISSN: 1939-9022
  • URL: /core/journals/law-and-history-review
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