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Worker Lawmaking, Sit-Down Strikes, and the Shaping of American Industrial Relations, 1935-1958

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 August 2010

Extract

Between 1936 and 1939, American workers staged some 583 sit-down strikes of at least one day's duration. In the latter year, the United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in NLRB v. Fansteel Metallurgical Corporation, resolving the official legal status of the tactic. Fansteel made it clear not only that a state could punish sit-downers for violating trespass laws, but also that an employer could lawfully discharge them—even if that employer had itself provoked the sit-down by committing unfair labor practices in violation of the National Labor Relations Act.

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Copyright © the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois 2006

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78. See The Oakmar, 20 F. Supp. 650 (D. Md. 1937); The Losmar, 20 F. Supp. 887 (D. Md. 1937); Plecity v. Local No. 37, International Union of Bakery and Confectionery Workers of America, Superior Ct., Los Angeles County, Cal., 4 U.S.L.W. 898, C.C.H. 16357; General Motors Corp. v. International Union, United Automobile Workers of America, Cir. Ct. Genesee County, Mich., 4 U.S.L.W. 678 (1937), C.C.H. 16354; Chrysler Corp. v. International Union, UAW, Cir. Ct., Wayne County, Mich., 4 U.S.L.W. 858 (1937), C.C.H. 16358; Apex Hosiery Co. v. Leader, 90 F.2d 144 (3d Cir. 1937), appeal dismissed, 302 U.S. 656 (1937).

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