Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

High-pressure synthesis and application of a 13C diamond pressure sensor for experiments in a hydrothermal diamond anvil cell

  • Nadezda Chertkova (a1), Shigeru Yamashita (a1), Eiji Ito (a1) and Akira Shimojuku (a1) (a2)

Abstract

Polycrystalline, cubic 13C diamond was synthesized from amorphous carbon in the Kawai-type multianvil apparatus at 21 GPa and at a temperature greater than 2350ºC. The polycrystalline diamond was homogeneous with a small grain size (10–20 μm) and a sharp Raman peak, and thereby was suitable as a pressure sensor for the experiments in a hydrothermal diamond anvil cell. Pressure- and temperature-dependence of the Raman shift of the synthesized 13C diamond was investigated in situ at simultaneous high pressures and high temperatures in the hydrothermal diamond anvil cell, using the ruby fluorescence line, quartz Raman shift and H2O phase transitions as pressure references. It was observed that the frequency shift with pressure is independent of temperature and vice versa up to 500ºC and 4.2 GPa. The present study indicates that the 13C diamond Raman shift can be used for pressure determination with an accuracy better than ±0.3 GPa under the conditions examined.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Bassett, W.A. (2003) High pressure-temperature aqueous systems in the hydrothermal diamond anvil cell (HDAC). European Journal of Mineralogy, 15, 773–780.
Bassett, W.A., Shen, A.H., Bucknum, M. and Chou, I.-M. (1993) A new diamond cell for hydrothermal studies to 2.5 GPa and from –190. to 1200ºC. Review of Scientific Instruments, 64, 2340–2345.
Bassett, W.A., Wu, T.-C., Chou, I.-M., Haselton, T., Frantz, J.D., Mysen, B.O., Huang, W.-L., Sharma, S. K. and Schiferl, D. (1996) The hydrothermal diamond anvil cell (DAC) and its applications. Pp. 261–272. in: Mineral Spectroscopy: A Tribute to Roger G. Burns (M.D. Dyar, C. McCammon and M.W. Schaefer, editors). The Geochemical Society Special Publication, 5.
Datchi, F. and Canny, B. (2004) Raman spectrum of cubic boron nitride at high pressure and temperature. Physical Review, 69, 144106.
Datchi, F., Dewaele, A., Loubeyre, P., Letoullec, R., Le Godec, Y. and Canny, B. (2007) Optical pressure sensors for high-pressure-high-temperature studies in a diamond anvil cell. High Pressure Research, 27, 447–463.
Hess, N.J. and Exarhos G.J. (1989) Temperature and pressure dependence of laser induced fluorescence in Sm:YAG – a new pressure calibrant. High Pressure Research, 2, 57–64.
Ito, E. and Yamada, H. (1982) Stability relations of silicate spinels, ilmenites and perovskites. Pp. 405–419. in: High-Pressure Research in Geophysics (Akimoto, S. and Manghnani, M.H., editors). D Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Ito, E., Takahashi, E. and Matsui, Y. (1984) The mineralogy and chemistry of the lower mantle: an implication of the ultrahigh-pressure phase relations in the system MgO–FeO–SiO2 . Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 67, 238–248.
Irifune, T., Kurio, A., Sakamoto, S., Inoue, T. and Sumiya, H. (2003) Materials: ultrahard polycrystalline diamond from graphite. Nature, 421, 599–600.
Irifune, T., Kurio, A., Sakamoto, S., Inoue, T., Sumiya, H. and Funakoshi K. (2004) Formation of pure polycrystalline diamond by direct conversion of graphite at high pressure and high temperature. Physics of Earth and Planetary Interiors, 143, 593–600.
Johari, G.P., Lavergne, A. and Whalley, E. (1974) Dielectric properties of ice VII and VIII and the phase boundary between ice VI and VII. Journal of Chemical Physics, 61, 4292–4300.
Lacam, A. and Chateau, C. (1989) High-pressure measurements at moderate temperatures in a diamond anvil cell with a new optical sensor: SrB4O7:Sm2+. Journal of Applied Physics, 66, 366–372.
Mysen, B.O. and Yamashita, S. (2010) Speciation of reduced C–O–H volatiles in coexisting fluids and silicate melts determined in-situ to ~1.4 GPa and 800ºC. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74, 4577–4588.
Namba, Y., Heidarpour, E. and Nakayama, M. (1992) Size effects appearing in the Raman spectra of polycrystalline diamonds. Journal of Applied Physics, 72, 1748–1751.
Ohfuji, H., Okimoto, S., Kunimoto, T., Isobe, F., Sumiya, H., Komatsu, K. and Irifune, T. (2012) Influence of graphite crystallinity on the microtexture of nano-polycrystalline diamond by direct conversion. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 543–552.
Piermarini, G.J., Block, S. and Barnett, J.D. (1973) Hydrostatic limits in liquids and solids to 100 kbar. Journal of Applied Physics, 44, 5377–5382.
Qiu, W., Velisavljevic, N., Baker, P.A. and Vohra, Y.K. (2004) Isotopically pure 13C layer as a stress sensor in a diamond anvil cell. Applied Physics Letters, 84, 5308–5310.
Ragan, D.D., Gustavsen, R. and Schiferl, D. (1992) Calibration of the ruby R1 and R2 fluorescence shifts as a function of temperature from 0 to 600 K. Journal of Applied Physics, 72, 5539–5544.
Schiferl, D., Nicol, M., Zaug, J.M., Sharma, S.K., Cooney, T.F., Wang, S.-Y., Anthony, T.P. and Fleischer, J.F. (1997) The diamond 13C/12C isotope Raman pressure sensor system for high-temperature/ pressure diamond-anvil cells with reactive samples. Journal of Applied Physics, 82, 3256–3265.
Schmidt, Ch. and Ziemann, M.A. (2000) In-situ Raman spectroscopy of quartz: a pressure sensor for hydrothermal diamond-anvil cell experiments at elevated temperatures. American Mineralogist, 85, 1725–1734.
Smith, R.L. and Fang, Zh. (2009) Techniques, applications and future prospects of diamond anvil cells for studying supercritical water systems. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 47, 431–446.
Wagner, W. and Pruss, A. (2002) The IAPWS formulation 1995 for the thermodynamic properties of ordinary water substance for general scientific use. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, 31, 387–535.
Zha, C.S., Mao, H.K. and Hemley, R.J. (2000) Elasticity of MgO and a primary pressure scale to 55 GPa. PNAS, 97, 13494–13499.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed