Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Effect of Laser Welding on the Mechanical Properties AISI 1018 Steel

  • M. A. Carrizalez-Vazquez (a1), M. Alvarez-Vera (a1), A. Hernández-Rodríguez (a1), J. M. Orona-Hinojos (a1) (a2), Gabriel Sandoval-Vázquez (a2) and J. L. Acevedo-Dávila (a1)...
Abstract

Laser welding processes offer significant advantages such as high welding speed, narrow heat affected zone and quality of the welding joint. In this study, the process parameters of laser power and welding speed were modified for AISI 1018 steel plates of 8 mm thickness and compared using finite element method. The results of cross-section microstructure, heat affected zone and fusion zone were characterized. The grain refinement was affected as the parameters were modified. Tensile and microhardness tests were performed to determine the mechanical properties of the welding joints. Microhardness increased in fusion zone and decreased in heat affected zone. Tensile test showed ductile fracture in heat affected zone of the welding joints. The simulated profiles were compared with the experimental observations showing a reasonable agreement.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*(Email: miguel_angel3005@hotmail.com)
References
Hide All
[1] Qian, M. R. D. K. S., Hong-Shuang, D., Jun-Chen, L., Bao-Qiang, W., “A comparative study of the microstructure and properties of 800MPa microalloyed C-Mn steel welded joints by laser and gas metal arc welding,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 669, pp. 150158, 2016.
[2] Alcock, J. A. and Baufeld, B., “Diode laser welding of stainless steel 304L,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 240, pp. 138144, 2016.
[3] Esfahani, M. N., Coupland, J., and Marimuthu, S., “Microstructure and mechanical properties of a laser welded low carbon-stainless steel joint,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 214, pp. 29412948, 2014.
[4] Wang, R., Lei, Y., and Shi, Y., “Numerical simulation of transient temperature field during laser keyhole welding of 304 stainless steel sheet,” Opt. Laser Technol., vol. 43, pp. 870873, 2011.
[5] Zhang, L. J., Zhang, J. X., Gumenyuk, A., Rethmeier, M., and Na, S. J., “Numerical simulation of full penetration laser welding of thick steel plate with high power high brightness laser,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 214, pp. 17101720, 2014.
[6] Fang, C., Song, Y. T., Wu, W. Y., Wei, J., Xin, J. J., Wu, H. P., and Salminen, A., “Thermal analysis of laser welding for ITER correction coil case,” Fusion Eng. Des., vol. 100, pp. 357363, 2015.
[7] Ma, J., Kong, F., and Kovacevic, R., “Finite-element thermal analysis of laser welding of galvanized high-strength steel in a zero-gap lap joint configuration and its experimental verification,” Mater. Des., vol. 36, pp. 348358, 2012.
[8] Xu, J. J., Gilles, P., Duan, Y. G., and Yu, C., “Temperature and residual stress simulations of the NeT single-bead-on-plate specimen using SYSWELD,” Int. J. Press. Vessel. Pip., vol. 99–100, pp. 5160, 2012.
[9] Rahman Chukkan, J., Vasudevan, M., Muthukumaran, S., Ravi Kumar, R., and Chandrasekhar, N., “Simulation of laser butt welding of AISI 316L stainless steel sheet using various heat sources and experimental validation,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 219, pp. 4859, 2015.
[10] Jiang, P., Wang, C., Zhou, Q., Shao, X., Shu, L., and Li, X., “Optimization of laser welding process parameters of stainless steel 316L using FEM, Kriging and NSGA-II,” Adv. Eng. Softw., vol. 99, pp. 147160, 2016.
[11] Sathiya, P. Ã. and Jaleel, M. Y. A., “Measurement of the bead profile and microstructural characterization of a CO2 laser welded AISI 904 L super austenitic stainless steel,” Opt. Laser Technol., 2010.
[12] Wang, J., Yang, L., Sun, M., Liu, T., and Li, H., “A study of the softening mechanisms of laser-welded DP1000 steel butt joints,” Mater. Des., vol. 97, pp. 118125, 2016.
[13] Benasciutti, D., Lanzutti, A., Rupil, G., and Haeberle, E. F., “Microstructural and mechanical characterisation of laser-welded lap joints with linear and circular beads in thin low carbon steel sheets,” Mater. Des., vol. 62, pp. 205216, 2014.
[14] Bhadeshia, H. and Honeycombe, R., “Steels: Microstructure and Properties,” Third., Elsevier Ltd., 2006, pp. 10.
[15] Porter, D. A. and Easterling, K. E., “Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys,” Second., Chapman & Hall, 1992, pp. 347.
[16] Xiong, Z. P., Kostryzhev, A. G., Stanford, N. E., and Pereloma, E. V., “Microstructures and mechanical properties of dual phase steel produced by laboratory simulated strip casting,” Mater. Des., vol. 88, pp. 537549, 2015.
[17] Hazratinezhad, M., Mostafa Arab, N. B., Sufizadeh, A. R., and Torkamany, M. J., “Mechanical and metallurgical properties of pulsed neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser welding of dual phase steels,” Mater. Des., vol. 33, pp. 8387, 2012.
[18] Saha, Y. Z. D. C., Westerbaan, D., Nayak, S. S., Biro, E., Gerlich, A. P., “Microstructure-properties correlation in fiber laser welding of dual-phase and HSLA steels,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 607, pp. 445453, 2014.
[19] Farabi, N., Chen, D. L., and Zhou, Y., “Microstructure and mechanical properties of laser welded dissimilar DP600 / DP980 dual-phase steel joints,” J. Alloys Compd., vol. 509, pp. 982989, 2011.
[20] Mazar Atabaki, M., Ma, J., Yang, G., and Kovacevic, R., “Hybrid laser/arc welding of advanced high strength steel in different butt joint configurations,” Mater. Des., vol. 64, pp. 573587, 2014.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Advances
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2059-8521
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-advances
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed