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Metal–organic frameworks for thermoelectric energy-conversion applications

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 November 2016

A. Alec Talin
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, USA; aatalin@sandia.gov
Reese E. Jones
Affiliation:
Sandia National Laboratories, USA; rjones@sandia.gov
Patrick E. Hopkins
Affiliation:
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Virginia, USA; phopkins@virginia.edu
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Abstract

Motivated by low cost, low toxicity, mechanical flexibility, and conformability over complex shapes, organic semiconductors are currently being actively investigated as thermoelectric (TE) materials to replace the costly, brittle, and non-eco-friendly inorganic TEs for near-ambient-temperature applications. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) share many of the attractive features of organic polymers, including solution processability and low thermal conductivity. A potential advantage of MOFs and MOFs with guest molecules (Guest@MOFs) is their synthetic and structural versatility, which allows both the electronic and geometric structure to be tuned through the choice of metal, ligand, and guest molecules. This could solve the long-standing challenge of finding stable, high-TE-performance n-type organic semiconductors, as well as promote high charge mobility via the long-range crystalline order inherent in these materials. In this article, we review recent advances in the synthesis of MOF and Guest@MOF TEs and discuss how the Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, and thermal conductivity could be tuned to further optimize TE performance.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2016 

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