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Spray pyrolysis and electrochemical performance of Na0.44MnO2 for sodium-ion battery cathodes

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2017

Kuan-Yu Shen
Affiliation:
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
Miklos Lengyel
Affiliation:
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
Louis Wang
Affiliation:
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
Richard L. Axelbaum*
Affiliation:
Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
*
Address all correspondence to R.L. Axelbaum at axelbaum@wustl.edu
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Abstract

In this study, we investigate spray pyrolysis as an approach to synthesis of tunnel structure sodium manganese oxide, as it is a cost-effective and scalable technology. The powders synthesized with Na/Mn ratio of 0.50 displayed a pure tunnel structure, and demonstrated the best electrochemical performance, with a discharge capacity of 115 mAh/g. The material also showed good cycleability and rate capability. Noticeable decay in performance was seen in materials with Na/Mn ratios other than 0.50, indicating that this material is sensitive to minor compositional deviations. This study has demonstrated that spray pyrolysis is a promising synthesis method for this material.

Type
Research Letters
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2017 

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