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Natural melanin pigments and their interfaces with metal ions and oxides: emerging concepts and technologies

  • Eduardo Di Mauro (a1), Ri Xu (a1), Guido Soliveri (a1) and Clara Santato (a1)


Melanin (from the Greek μέλας, mélas, black) is a biopigment ubiquitous in flora and fauna, featuring broadband optical absorption, hydration-dependent electrical response, ion-binding affinity as well as antioxidative and radical-scavenging properties. In the human body, photoprotection in the skin and ion flux regulation in the brain are some biofunctional roles played by melanin. Here we discuss the progress in melanin research that underpins emerging technologies in energy storage/conversion, ion separation/water treatment, sunscreens, and bioelectronics. The melanin research aims at developing approaches to explore natural materials, well beyond melanin, which might serve as a prototype benign material for sustainable technologies.

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Address all correspondence to Clara Santato at


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MRS Communications
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