Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Werncke, W. Pfeiffer, M. Lau, A. Grahn, W. Johannes, H.-H. and Dähne, L. 1998. Alternation and saturation effects in the chain-length dependences of the third-order hyperpolarizabilities of cyanines. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 15, Issue. 2, p. 863.

    Yu, Y. Z. Grossman, C. H. Shi, R. F. and Garito, A. F. 1994. Origin of negative χ^(3) in squaraines: experimental observation of two-photon states. Optics Letters, Vol. 19, Issue. 11, p. 786.

    Shi, R. F. Zhou, Q. L. and Garito, A. F. 1993. Negative Third Order Optical Susceptibilities of Squaraines. MRS Proceedings, Vol. 328,


A Three-Level Model Useful for Exploring Structure/Property Relationships for Molecular Third Order Optical Polarizabilit1Es

  • C. W. Dirk (a1), L-T. Cheng (a2) and M. G. Kuzyk (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2011

Approximations are applied to the three-level perturbation theory expressions for the third order optical polarizability. We conclude there will be three competing dominant terms, γ ≈ γc + γn + γtp each of which can be optimized at different molecular electronic structures. The two-photon term, γtp, has been commonly ascribed as the most dominant one for γ. However, the other two terms, which optimize at different structures, potentially offer equivalent or larger overall γ. The term, γn, will be optimized at structures with large second order polarizability β, while the term, γC, optimizes at certain centrosymmetric free electron structures with large first order polarization, α Optimization by γc is the preferred route, since this leads to elimination of the canceling terms which limit optimization by γtp or γn. Recent EFISH results have confirmed our earlier speculations that the free electron squarylium dye structures are particularly good for optimization by way of γc. Strategies are presented to selectively optimize to either of the three structure types and to obtain molecules with even larger γ.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

[1] see for example “Materials for Nonlinear Optics: Chemical Perspectives,”- American Chemical Society, ACS Symposium Series, vol 455, S.R. Marder , J.E. Sohn , and G.D. Stucky , eds., ACS Washington, D.C. (1991).

[2]B. J. Orr , J. F. Ward , Mol. Phys., 20, 513526 (1970).

[3]J. L. Oudar J. Chem. Phys., 67, 446457 (1977)

[7]J. R. Heflin , K. Y. Wong , O. Zamani-Khamiri , A. F. Garito Phys. Rev. B., 38, 1573 (1988).

[8]Z. G. Soos , S. Ramasesha , J. Chem. Phys. 90, 1067 (1989).

[9]A. F. Garito , J. R. Heflin , K. Y. Wong , O. Zamani-Khamiri , SPIE Proceedings, 971, 210 (1988).

[11]C. W. Dirk , M. G. Kuzyk , ACS Symposium Series, 455, 687703 (1991). [note that pages 689(Rightarrow 691), 691(Rightarrow692), and 692(Rightarrow689) have been transposed by ACS editors]

[12]C. W. Dirk and M. G. Kuzyk , Chem. of Materials 2, 46 (1990).

[13]M. G. Kuzyk , C. W. Dirk , J. E. Sohn , J. Opt. Soc. B, 7, 842 (1990).

[14]C. W. Dirk , M. G. Kuzyk , SPIE Proceedings, 1147, 1825 (1989). [note that the Re[γc] in this reference are too large by a factor of six]

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL)
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1946-4274
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-online-proceedings-library-archive
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *