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Absorption Enhancement in Plasmonic Solar Cells by Incorporation of Periodic Nanopatterns

  • W. Wang (a1), S. Wu (a1), Y.L. Lu (a2), Kitt Reinhardt (a3) and S.C. Chen (a4)...
Abstract

Currently, the performances of thin film solar cells are limited by poor light absorption and carrier collection. In this research, large, broadband, and polarization-insensitive light absorption enhancement was realized via incorporation of different periodic nanopetterns. By studying the enhancement effect brought by different materials, dimensions, coverage, and dielectric environments of the metal nanopatterns, we analyzed the absorption enhancement mechanisms as well as optimization criteria for our designs. A test for totaling the absorption over the solar spectrum shows an up to ∼30% broadband absorption enhancement when comparing to conventional thin film cells.

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