PMN(PZN)-PT single crystals exhibit unique electromechanical properties when oriented and poled along the <001> direction. While expensive crystal growth techniques are advancing slowly, it is of great practical importance to develop an alternative low-cost production method based on strongly oriented or textured ceramics. We present here the thermal expansion, dielectric properties and Raman spectroscopy study of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 solid solution ((1-x)PMN-xPT, 0.2<x <0.4, here after called PMN xPT) single crystals, random ceramics and ceramics prepared by homo-templated grain growth (HTGG) using cubic PMN-PT single crystal seeds as templates and nanoparticles as ceramic matrix. Representative medium to highly textured ceramics were sintered at 1150°C and 1200°C, respectively, and studied by Raman imaging. Raman peak centre of gravity is used to image the x-composition whereas peak intensity is correlated to the unit-cell distortion and related short-range structure. Smart Raman imaging shows that the final composition is very close to that of the matrix. We compare their thermal expansion (-150 to 300°C) and dielectric properties (R.T. to 300°C) with those of corresponding poled or non-poled single crystals and random ceramics homologues. Short-range ordering and phase diagram are discussed.
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