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Synroc-D Type Ceramics Produced by Hot Isostatic Pressing and Cold Crucible Melting for Immobilisation of (Al, U) Rich Nuclear Waste

  • Eric R. Vance (a1), Michael La Robina (a2), Huijun Li (a3) and Joel Davis (a4)
Abstract

A synroc-D ceramic consisting mostly of spinel, hollandite, pyrochlore-structured CaUTi2O7, UO2, and Ti-rich regions shows promise for immobilisation of a HLW containing mainly Al and U, together with fission products. Ceramics with virtually zero porosities and waste loadings of 50-60 wt% on an oxide basis were prepared by cold crucible melting (CCM) at ∼1500°C, and also by subsolidus hot isostatic pressing (HIP) at 1100°C to prevent volatile losses. PCT leaching test values for Cs were < 13 g/L, with all other normalised elemental extractions being well below 1 g/L.

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  • EISSN: 1946-4274
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