Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Heavy-mineral analysis as a tool to trace the source areas of sediments in an ice-marginal valley, with an example from the Pleistocene of northwest Poland

  • M. Pisarska-Jamroży (a1), A.J. van Loon (a2), B. Woronko (a3) and B. Sternal (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

The ice caps that covered large parts of the continents of the northern hemisphere during the Pleistocene glaciations drained huge quantities of meltwater. In several places the erosive power of the meltwater rivers has led to the formation of ice-marginal valleys (IMVs). A much-debated question is whether sediments deposited in IMVs by proglacial and extraglacial streams can be distinguished on the basis of their heavy-mineral content. This question was assessed by an inventory of the heavy-mineral assemblages from the middle part of the Toruń-Eberswalde IMV in northwest Poland, two sandurs that supplied sediment from the north and the pre-Wisła river system that supplied sediment from the south; all these streams fed the IMV. The largely similar heavy-mineral compositions and sediments concentrations of the middle part of the IMV and sandurs suggest that the sediment in the IMV was supplied almost entirely by the streams on the sandurs but also that some sediments were eroded from the Miocene subsoil of the IMV itself and for a small part from the south by the pre-Wisła river system. The only heavy mineral in the pre-Wisła sediments for which the percentage is significantly different from those in the sediments of the sandurs and the IMV terrace is epidote. The difference, however, is not seen in the sediments of the IMV so it can be concluded that the sediment supply to the middle part of this IMV by streams from the south was insignificant. This is in contrast with what was hitherto commonly assumed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. Email: pisanka@amu.edu.pl; sternal@amu.edu.pl
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

G.W. Berger , 1990. Effectiveness of natural zeroing of the thermoluminescence in natural sediments. Journal of Geophysical Research 95: 1237512397.

J.C. Boothroyd & G.M. Ashley , 1975. Processes, bar morphology and sedimentary structures on braided outwash fans, northeastern Gulf of Alaska. In: A.V. Jopling & B.C. McDonald (eds): Glaciofluvial and Glaciolacustrine Sedimentation. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 23: 193222.

F.S. Busschers , C. Kasse , R.T. van Balen , J. Vandenberghe , K.C. Cohen , H.J.T. Weerts , J. Wallinga , C. Johns , P. Cleveringa &, F.P.M. Bunnik , 2007. Late Pleistocene evolution of the Rhine-Meuse system in the southern North Sea Basin: imprints of climate change, sea-level oscillation and glacio-isostacy. Quaternary Science Reviews 26: 32163248.

M. Church & R. Gilbert , 1975. Proglacial fluvial and lacustrine sediments. In: A.V. Jopling & B. McDonald , (eds): Glaciofluvial and Glaciolacustrine Sedimentation. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 23: 22100.

A.N. Derkachev & N.A. Nikolaeva , 2013. Possibilities and restrictions of heavy-mineral analysis for the reconstruction of sedimentary environments and source areas. Geologos 19: 147158.

M. Jain , A.S. Murray & L. Bøtter-Jensen , 2004. Optically stimulated luminescence dating: how significant is incomplete light exposure in fluvial environments? Quaternaire 15: 143157.

L. Marks , 2012. Timing of the Late Vistulian (Weichselian) glacial phases in Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews 44: 8188.

S. Passchier , 2007. The use of heavy minerals in the reconstruction of ice-sheet drainage patterns: an example from the edge of the East Antarctic ice sheet. In: M.A. Mange & D.T. Wright (eds): Heavy Minerals in Use. Developments in Sedimentology. Elsevier (Amsterdam): 58: 677700.

M. Pisarska-Jamroży , 2006. Transitional deposits between endmoraine and sandur plain in the Pomeranian glaciomarginal zone of NW Poland: a missing component of ice-contact sedimentary models. Boreas 35: 126141.

M. Pisarska-Jamroży , 2013. Varves and megavarves of the Eberswalde Valley (NE Germany) – a key for the interpretation of glaciolimnic processes. Sedimentary Geology 291: 8496.

M. Pisarska-Jamroży & T. Zieliński , 2011. Genesis of a till/sand breccia (Pleistocene, Noteć Valley near Atanazyn, central Poland). Sedimentary Geology 236: 109116.

M. Pisarska-Jamroży & T. Zieliński , 2014. Pleistocene sandur rhythms, cycles and megacycles: Interpretation of depositional scenarios and palaeoenvironmental conditions. Boreas 43: 330348.

M. Rappol & H.M.P. Stoltenberg , 1985. Compositional variability of Saalian till in The Netherlands and its origin. Boreas 14: 3350.

T.M. Rittenour , 2008. Luminescence dating of fluvial deposits: applications to geomorphic, palaeoseismic and archaeological research. Boreas 37: 613635.

J.S. Singarayer , R.M. Bailey , S. Ward & S. Stokes , 2005. Assessing the completeness of optical resetting of quartz OSL in the natural environment. Radiation Measurements 40: 1325.

A.J. Van Loon & M.A. Mange , 2007. ‘In situ’ dissolution of heavy minerals through extreme weathering, and the application of the surviving assemblages and their dissolution characteristics to correlation of Dutch and German silver sands. In: M.A. Mange & D. Wright (eds): Heavy Minerals in Use. Developments in Sedimentology. Elsevier (Amsterdam) 58: 189213.

L. Wachecka-Kotkowska & M. Ludwikowska-Kędzia , 2013. Heavy-mineral assemblages from fluvial Pleniglacial deposits of the Piotrków Plateau and the Holy Cross Mountains – a comparative study. Geologos 19: 131146.

P. Weckwerth & M. Chabowski , 2013. Heavy minerals as a tool to reconstruct river activity during the Weichselian glaciation (Toruń Basin, Poland). Geologos 19: 2546.

T. Zieliński & A.J. Van Loon , 2002. Present-day sandurs are not representative of the geological record. Sedimentary Geology 152: 15.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Netherlands Journal of Geosciences
  • ISSN: 0016-7746
  • EISSN: 1573-9708
  • URL: /core/journals/netherlands-journal-of-geosciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 85 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.