Allnutt, T.F., Asner, G.P., Golden, C.D. & Powell, G.V.N. (2013) Mapping recent deforestation and forest disturbance in northeastern Madagascar. Tropical Conservation Science, 6, 1–15.
Barbieri, M.M. & Berger, J.O. (2004) Optimal predictive model selection. The Annals of Statistics, 32, 870–897.
Brockman, D.K., Godfrey, L.R., Dollar, L.J. & Ratsirarson, J. (2008) Evidence of invasive Felis silvestris predation on Propithecus verreauxi at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, 29, 135–152.
Carroll, M.L., Townshend, J.R., DiMiceli, C.M., Noojipady, P. & Sohlberg, R.A. (2009) A new global raster water mask at 250 m resolution. International Journal of Digital Earth, 2, 291–308.
Corpa, J.M., García-Quirós, A., Casares, M., Gerique, A.C., Carbonell, M.D., Gómez-Muñoz, M.T. et al. (2013) Encephalomyelitis by Toxoplasma gondii in a captive fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox). Veterinary Parasitology, 193, 281–283.
DiMiceli, C.M., Carroll, M.L., Sohlberg, R.A., Huang, C., Hansen, M.C. & Townshend, J.R.G. (2011) Annual Global Automated MODIS Vegetation Continuous Fields (MOD44B) at 250 m Spatial Resolution for Data Years Beginning day 65, 2000–2010, Collection 5 Percent Tree Cover. University of Maryland, College Park, USA.
Dollar, L.J. (2006) Morphometrics, diet, and conservation of Cryptoprocta ferox. PhD thesis. Duke University, Durham, USA.
Dollar, L., Ganzhorn, J. & Goodman, S. (2007) Primates and other prey in the seasonally variable diet of Cryptoprocta ferox in the dry deciduous forest of western Madagascar. In Primate Anti-Predator Strategies (eds Gursky, S. & Nekaris, K.A.I.), pp. 63–76. Springer, New York, USA.
Farris, Z.J., Karpanty, S.M., Ratelolahy, F. & Kelly, M.J. (2014) Predator–primate distribution, activity, and co-occurrence in relation to habitat and human activity across fragmented and contiguous forests in northeastern Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, 35, 859–880.
Farris, Z.J., Gerber, B.D., Karpanty, S., Murphy, A., Andrianjakarivelo, V., Ratelolahy, F. & Kelly, M.J. (2015a) When carnivores roam: temporal patterns and overlap among Madagascar's native and exotic carnivores. Journal of Zoology, 296, 45–57.
Farris, Z.J., Golden, C.D., Karpanty, S., Murphy, A., Stauffer, D., Ratelolahy, F. et al. (2015b) Hunting, exotic carnivores, and habitat loss: anthropogenic effects on a native carnivore community, Madagascar. PLOS ONE, 10, e0136456.
Farris, Z.J., Kelly, M.J., Karpanty, S. & Ratelolahy, F. (2015c) Patterns of spatial co-occurrence among native and exotic carnivores in north-eastern Madagascar. Animal Conservation, 19, 189–198.
Farris, Z.J., Kelly, M.J., Karpanty, S., Murphy, A., Ratelolahy, F., Andrianjakarivelo, V. & Holmes, C. (2016) The times they are a changin’: multi-year surveys reveal exotics replace native carnivores at a Madagascar rainforest site. Biological Conservation, 206, 320–328.
Farris, Z.J., Gerber, B.D., Valenta, K., Rafaliarison, R., Razafimahaimodison, J.C., Larney, E. et al. (2017) Threats to a rainforest carnivore community: a multi-year assessment of occupancy and co-occurrence in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 210, 116–124.
Fiske, I. & Chandler, R. (2011) unmarked: An R package for fitting hierarchical models of wildlife occurrence and abundance. Journal of Statistical Software, 43, 1–23.
Gardner, C.J. (2009) A review of the impacts of anthropogenic habitat change on terrestrial biodiversity in Madagascar: implications for the design and management of new protected areas. Malagasy Nature, 2, 2–29.
Gerber, B.D., Karpanty, S.M. & Randrianantenaina, J. (2012a) The impact of forest logging and fragmentation on carnivore species composition, density and occupancy in Madagascar's rainforests. Oryx, 46, 414–422.
Gerber, B.D., Karpanty, S.M., Randrianantenaina, J. (2012b) Activity patterns of carnivores in the rain forests of Madagascar: implications for species coexistence. Journal of Mammalogy, 93, 667–676.
Golden, C.D. (2009) Bushmeat hunting and use in the Makira Forest, north-eastern Madagascar: a conservation and livelihoods issue. Oryx, 43, 386–392.
Goodman, S.M., O'Connor, S. & Langrand, O. (1993) A review of predation on lemurs: implications for the evolution of social behavior in small, nocturnal primates. In Lemur Social Systems and their Ecological Basis (eds Kappeler, P.M. & Ganzhorn, J.U.), pp. 51–66. Springer, New York, USA.
Hansen, M.C., Potapov, P.V., Moore, R., Hancher, M., Turubanova, S.A., Tyukavina, A. et al. (2013) High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. Science, 342, 850–853.
Hawkins, C.E. (1998) Behaviour and ecology of the fossa, Cryptoprocta ferox (Carnivora: Viverridae) in a dry deciduous forest, western Madagascar. PhD thesis. University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.
Hawkins, C.E. & Racey, P.A. (2005) Low population density of a tropical forest carnivore, Cryptoprocta ferox: implications for protected area management. Oryx, 39, 35–43.
Hawkins, C.E. & Racey, P.A. (2008) Food habits of an endangered carnivore, Cryptoprocta ferox, in the dry deciduous forests of western Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy, 89, 64–74.
Hughes, J. & Macdonald, D.W. (2013) A review of the interactions between free-roaming domestic dogs and wildlife. Biological Conservation, 157, 341–351.
Irwin, M.T., Wright, P.C., Birkinshaw, C., Fisher, B.L., Gardner, C.J., Glos, J. et al. (2010) Patterns of species change in anthropogenically disturbed forests of Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 143, 2351–2362.
Jarvis, A., Reuter, H.I., Nelson, A. & Guevara, E. (2008) Hole-filled SRTM for the Globe, Version 4. Available from the CGIAR-CSI SRTM 90m Database. Http://srtm.csi.cgiar.org [accessed 21 January 2019].
Juan-Sallés, C., Mainez, M., Marco, A. & Malabia Sanchís, A.M. (2011) Localized toxoplasmosis in a ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) causing placentitis, stillbirths, and disseminated fetal infection. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 23, 1041–1045.
Kotschwar Logan, M., Gerber, B.D., Karpanty, S.M., Justin, S. & Rabenahy, F.N. (2015) Assessing carnivore distribution from local knowledge across a human-dominated landscape in central-southeastern Madagascar. Animal Conservation, 18, 82–91.
Linkie, M. & Ridout, M.S. (2011) Assessing tiger–prey interactions in Sumatran rainforests. Journal of Zoology, 284, 224–229.
Lührs, M.L. & Kappeler, P.M. (2013) Simultaneous GPS tracking reveals male associations in a solitary carnivore. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67, 1731–1743.
MacKenzie, D.I., Nichols, J.D., Royle, J.A., Pollock, K.H., Bailey, L.L. & Hines, J.E. (2006) Occupancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Occurrence. Academic Press, Burlington, USA.
MacKenzie, D.I. & Nichols, J.D. (2004) Occupancy as a surrogate for abundance estimation. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 27, 461–467.
Medina, F.M., Bonnaud, E., Vidal, E., Tershy, B.R., Zavaleta, E.S., Josh Donlan, C. et al. (2011) A global review of the impacts of invasive cats on island endangered vertebrates. Global Change Biology, 17, 3503–3510.
Merson, S.D. (2018) Bushmeat hunting, retaliatory killing, habitat degradation and exotic species as threats to fosa (Cryptoprocta ferox) conservation. PhD thesis. University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
Merson, S.D., Macdonald, D.W. & Dollar, L.J. (2018) Novel photographic and morphometric records of the western falanouc Eupleres major in Ankarafantsika National Park, Madagascar. Small Carnivore Conservation, 56, 60–67.
Murphy, A.J., Farris, Z.J., Karpanty, S., Kelly, M.J., Miles, K.A., Ratelolahy, F. et al. (2018a) Using camera traps to examine distribution and occupancy trends of ground-dwelling rainforest birds in north-eastern Madagascar. Bird Conservation International, 28, 567–580.
Murphy, A.J., Goodman, S.M., Farris, Z.J., Karpanty, S.M., Andrianjakarivelo, V. & Kelly, M.J. (2017) Landscape trends in small mammal occupancy in the Makira–Masoala protected areas, northeastern Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy, 98, 272–282.
Murphy, A., Gerber, B., Farris, Z., Karpanty, S., Ratelolahy, F. & Kelly, M. (2018b) Making the most of sparse data to estimate density of a rare and threatened species: a case study with the fosa, a little-studied Malagasy carnivore. Animal Conservation, 21, 496–504.
O'Connell, A.F., Nichols, J.D. & Karanth, K.U. (eds) (2010) Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses. Springer, New York, USA.
Otis, D.L., Burnham, K.P., White, G.C. & Anderson, D.R. (1978) Statistical inference from capture data on closed animal populations. Wildlife Monographs, 62, 3–135.
Pedersen, A.B., Jones, K.E., Nunn, C.L. & Altizer, S. (2007) Infectious diseases and extinction risk in wild mammals. Conservation Biology, 21, 1269–1279.
Pomerantz, J., Rasambainarivo, F.T., Dollar, L., Rahajanirina, L.P., Andrianaivoarivelo, R., Parker, P. & Dubovi, E. (2016) Prevalence of antibodies to selected viruses and parasites in introduced and endemic carnivores in western Madagascar. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 52, 544–552.
QGIS Development Team (2015) QGIS Geographic Information System. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Project. Http://qgis.osgeo.org [accessed 21 January 2019].
Rasambainarivo, F., Farris, Z.J., Andrianalizah, H. & Parker, P.G. (2017) Interactions between carnivores in Madagascar and the risk of disease transmission. EcoHealth, 14, 691–703.
R Core Team (2017) R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. Http://www.R-project.org [accessed February 2017].
Ripple, W.J., Estes, J.A., Beschta, R.L., Wilmers, C.C., Ritchie, E.G., Hebblewhite, M. et al. (2014) Status and ecological effects of the world's largest carnivores. Science, 343, 1241484.
Sauther, M.L. (1989) Antipredator behavior in troops of free-ranging Lemur catta at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. International Journal of Primatology, 10, 595–606.
Scales, I.R. (2012) Lost in translation: conflicting views of deforestation, land use and identity in western Madagascar. The Geographical Journal, 178, 67–79.
Siskos, N., Lampe, K., Kaup, F.-J. & Mätz-Rensing, K. (2015) Unique case of disseminated toxoplasmosis and concurrent hepatic capillariasis in a ring-tailed lemur: first case description. Primate Biology, 2, 9–12.
Vieilledent, G., Grinand, C., Rakotomalala, F.A., Ranaivosoa, R., Rakotoarijaona, J.-R., Allnutt, T.F. & Achard, F. (2018) Combining global tree cover loss data with historical national forest cover maps to look at six decades of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 222, 189–197.
Waeber, P.O., Wilmé, L., Ramamonjisoa, B., Garcia, C., Rakotomalala, D., Rabemananjara, Z.H. et al. (2015) Dry forests in Madagascar: neglected and under pressure. International Forestry Review, 17, 127–148.
Zinner, D., Wygoda, C., Razafimanantsoa, L., Rasoloarison, R., Andrianandrasana, H.T., Ganzhorn, J.U. & Torkler, F. (2014) Analysis of deforestation patterns in the central Menabe, Madagascar, between 1973 and 2010. Regional Environmental Change, 14, 157–166.