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Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna) as a potential intermediate host for Oxyspirura petrowi in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus)

  • WHITNEY M. KISTLER (a1), SABRINA HOCK (a1), BEATRICE HERNOUT (a1), EVAN BRAKE (a1) (a2), NIKKI WILLIAMS (a1) (a2), CARSON DOWNING (a1) (a2), NICHOLAS R. DUNHAM (a1), NAVEEN KUMAR (a1), UDAY TURAGA (a1), JULIE A. PARLOS (a1) and RONALD J. KENDALL (a1)...
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.

Summary

Oxyspirura petrowi is a heteroxenous parasitic nematode that has been reported in high prevalences from birds in the Order Galliformes experiencing population declines in the USA. There is a paucity of information regarding the natural history O. petrowi, including the life cycle and effects of infection on wild bird populations. In order to study the life cycle of this parasite, we collected plains lubber grasshoppers (Brachystola magna) from a field location in Mitchell County, Texas. We found third-stage larvae (L3) in 37.9% (66/174) B. magna. We determined that they were O. petrowi through morphological comparison of L3 from experimentally infected Acheta domesticus and by sequence analysis. Then, we showed that B. magna are a potential intermediate hosts for O. petrowi infections in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) in a laboratory setting by experimental infection. We first detected shedding of eggs in feces using a fecal float technique 52 days post infection. In addition, we recovered 87 O. petrowi from experimentally infected northern bobwhites. Although we detected shedding in feces, recovery of eggs was low (>5 eggs/g). Future work is needed to understand shedding routes and shedding patterns of northern bobwhites infected with O. petrowi.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Wildlife Toxicology Laboratory, The Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Box 41163, Lubbock, Texas 79409, USA. Tel: 806-885-0238. E-mail: ron.kendall@ttu.edu

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Keywords

Plains lubber grasshopper (Brachystola magna) as a potential intermediate host for Oxyspirura petrowi in northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus)

  • WHITNEY M. KISTLER (a1), SABRINA HOCK (a1), BEATRICE HERNOUT (a1), EVAN BRAKE (a1) (a2), NIKKI WILLIAMS (a1) (a2), CARSON DOWNING (a1) (a2), NICHOLAS R. DUNHAM (a1), NAVEEN KUMAR (a1), UDAY TURAGA (a1), JULIE A. PARLOS (a1) and RONALD J. KENDALL (a1)...
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.

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