Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 24
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Lessa, Isadora Corrêa Seabra Guimarães, Tainah de Godoy Bergallo, Helena Cunha, André and M. Vieira, Emerson 2016. Domestic dogs in protected areas: a threat to Brazilian mammals?. Natureza & Conservação,


    Bruno, Federica Castelli, Germano Migliazzo, Antonella Piazza, Maria Galante, Antonella Verde, Vincenza Lo Calderone, Simona Nucatolo, Giuseppa and Vitale, Fabrizio 2015. Cytotoxic Screening and In Vitro Evaluation of Pentadecane AgainstLeishmania infantumPromastigotes and Amastigotes. Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 101, Issue. 6, p. 701.


    Fukami, Ryutaro and Nishiura, Hiroshi 2015. Examining the reservoir potential of animal species for $$\varvec{\textit{Leishmania infantum}}$$ Leishmania infantum infection. Japan Journal of Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 32, Issue. 3, p. 661.


    Tunon, Gabriel Isaias Lee de Moura, Tatiana Rodrigues de Jesus, Amelia Ribeiro and de Almeida, Roque Pacheco 2015. In vitro infection by Leishmania infantum in the peripheral blood mononuclear cell-derived macrophages from crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous). Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 212, Issue. 3-4, p. 417.


    Acosta, Igor Da C. L. Da Costa, Andrea P. Gennari, Solange M. and Marcili, Arlei 2014. Survey ofTrypanosomaandLeishmaniain Wild and Domestic Animals in an Atlantic Rainforest Fragment and Surroundings in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 686.


    Souza, Tayse Domingues Turchetti, Andréia Pereira Fujiwara, Ricardo Toshio Paixão, Tatiane Alves and Santos, Renato Lima 2014. Visceral leishmaniasis in zoo and wildlife. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 200, Issue. 3-4, p. 233.


    da Silva Tenório, Michely de Oliveira e Sousa, Lucio Paixão, Mírian dos Santos Alves, Maria Fernanda de Cássia Paulan, Silvana Lima, Flavia Luna Jusi, Márcia Mariza Gomes Tasca, Karen Ingrid Machado, Rosangela Zacarias and Starke-Buzetti, Wilma Aparecida 2011. Visceral Leishmaniasis in a Captive Crab-Eating FoxCerdocyon thous. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Vol. 42, Issue. 4, p. 608.


    Millán, J. Zanet, S. Gomis, M. Trisciuoglio, A. Negre, N. and Ferroglio, E. 2011. An Investigation into Alternative Reservoirs of Canine Leishmaniasis on the Endemic Island of Mallorca (Spain). Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, Vol. 58, Issue. 4, p. 352.


    Bates, Paul A. and Ashford, R.W. 2010. Topley & Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections.


    Catenacci, Lilian S. Griese, Juliana da Silva, Rodrigo C. and Langoni, Helio 2010. Toxoplasma gondii and Leishmania spp. infection in captive crab-eating foxes, Cerdocyon thous (Carnivora, Canidae) from Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 169, Issue. 1-2, p. 190.


    Carson, Connor Antoniou, Maria Christodoulou, Vasiliki Messaritakis, Ippokratis Quinnell, Rupert J. Blackwell, Jenefer M. and Courtenay, Orin 2009. Selection of appropriate serological tests to measure the incidence of natural Leishmania infantum infection during DNA/MVA prime/boost canine vaccine trials. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 162, Issue. 3-4, p. 207.


    COURTENAY, O. KOVACIC, V. GOMES, P. A. F. GARCEZ, L. M. and QUINNELL, R. J. 2009. A long-lasting topical deltamethrin treatment to protect dogs against visceral leishmaniasis. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 23, Issue. 3, p. 245.


    Furtado, Adriano P. Do Carmo, Eder S. Giese, Elane G. Vallinoto, Antonio C. R. Lanfredi, Reinalda M. and Santos, Jeannie N. 2009. Detection of dog filariasis in Marajo Island, Brazil by classical and molecular methods. Parasitology Research, Vol. 105, Issue. 6, p. 1509.


    Gómez-Ochoa, P. Castillo, J.A. Gascón, M. Zarate, J.J. Alvarez, F. and Couto, C.G. 2009. Use of domperidone in the treatment of canine visceral leishmaniasis: A clinical trial. The Veterinary Journal, Vol. 179, Issue. 2, p. 259.


    QUINNELL, R. J. and COURTENAY, O. 2009. Transmission, reservoir hosts and control of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. Parasitology, Vol. 136, Issue. 14, p. 1915.


    Luppi, Marcela M. Malta, Marcelo C.C. Silva, Teane M.A. Silva, Fabiana L. Motta, Rafael O.C. Miranda, Ildikó Ecco, Roselene and Santos, Renato L. 2008. Visceral leishmaniasis in captive wild canids in Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 155, Issue. 1-2, p. 146.


    Manna, Laura Reale, Stefano Picillo, Esther Vitale, Fabrizio and Gravino, Angelo Elio 2008. Interferon-gamma (INF-γ), IL4 expression levels and Leishmania DNA load as prognostic markers for monitoring response to treatment of leishmaniotic dogs with miltefosine and allopurinol. Cytokine, Vol. 44, Issue. 2, p. 288.


    Sobrino, R. Ferroglio, E. Oleaga, A. Romano, A. Millan, J. Revilla, M. Arnal, M.C. Trisciuoglio, A. and Gortázar, C. 2008. Characterization of widespread canine leishmaniasis among wild carnivores from Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 155, Issue. 3-4, p. 198.


    COURTENAY, O. GILLINGWATER, K. GOMES, P. A. F. GARCEZ, L. M. and DAVIES, C. R. 2007. Deltamethrin-impregnated bednets reduce human landing rates of sandfly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis in Amazon households. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 21, Issue. 2, p. 168.


    Gomes, Regis B. Mendonça, Ivete L. Silva, Vladimir C. Ruas, Jerônimo Silva, Mauro B. Cruz, Maria S.P. Barral, Aldina and Costa, Carlos H.N. 2007. Antibodies against Lutzomyia longipalpis saliva in the fox Cerdocyon thous and the sylvatic cycle of Leishmania chagasi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 101, Issue. 2, p. 127.


    ×

Low infectiousness of a wildlife host of Leishmania infantum: the crab-eating fox is not important for transmission

  • O. COURTENAY (a1) (a2), R. J. QUINNELL (a1) (a3), L. M. GARCEZ (a4) and C. DYE (a1) (a5)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182002002238
  • Published online: 01 January 2003
Abstract

The epidemiological role of the crab-eating fox Cerdocyon thous in the transmission of Leishmania infantum is assessed in a longitudinal study in Amazon Brazil. A total of 37 wild-caught foxes were immunologically and clinically monitored, and 26 foxes exposed to laboratory colonies of the sandfly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis, over a 15-month period. In total 78% (29/37) of foxes were seropositive for anti-Leishmania IgG on at least 1 occasion, and 38% (8/37) had infections confirmed by PCR and/or by culture. Point prevalences were 74% (serology), 15% (PCR), and 26% (culture). No signs of progressive disease were observed. None of the foxes were infectious to the 1469 sandflies dissected from 44 feeds. A conservative estimate of the possible contribution of foxes to transmission was 9% compared to 91% by sympatric domestic dogs. These results show that crab-eating fox populations do not maintain a transmission cycle independently of domestic dogs. The implication is that they are unlikely to introduce the parasite into Leishmania-free dog populations.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Ecology and Epidemiology Group, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. Tel: +44 24 7652 4550. Fax: +44 24 7652 4619. E-mail: orin.courtenay@warwick.ac.uk
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: