Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    López-Gómez, M. Talavera, M. and Verdejo-Lucas, S. 2016. Differential reproduction ofMeloidogyne incognitaandM. javanicain watermelon cultivars and cucurbit rootstocks. Plant Pathology, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 145.

    Gürcan, Kahraman Say, Ahmet Yetişir, Halit and Denli, Nihal 2015. A study of genetic diversity in bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.] population, and implication for the historical origins on bottle gourds in Turkey. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 62, Issue. 3, p. 321.

    Yao, Kouakou A. G. Koffi, Kouamé K. Ondo-Azi, Serge A. Baudoin, Jean-Pierre and Zoro, Bi I. A. 2015. Seed Yield Component Identification and Analysis for Exploiting Recombinative Heterosis in Bottle Gourd. International Journal of Vegetable Science, Vol. 21, Issue. 5, p. 441.

    Yildiz, Mehtap Cuevas, Hugo E. Sensoy, Suat Erdinc, Ceknas and Baloch, Faheem S. 2015. Transferability of Cucurbita SSR markers for genetic diversity assessment of Turkish bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) genetic resources. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Vol. 59, p. 45.

    Ling, K.-S. Levi, A. Adkins, S. Kousik, C. S. Miller, G. Hassell, R. and Keinath, A. P. 2013. Development and Field Evaluation of Multiple Virus-Resistant Bottle Gourd (Lagenaria siceraria). Plant Disease, Vol. 97, Issue. 8, p. 1057.

    Esteras, C Nuez, F and Picó, B 2011. Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Cucurbits.


Genetic diversity among Lagenaria siceraria accessions containing resistance to root-knot nematodes, whiteflies, ZYMV or powdery mildew

  • Amnon Levi (a1), Judy Thies (a1), Kai-shu Ling (a1), Alvin M. Simmons (a1), Chandrasekar Kousik (a1) and Richard Hassell (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 05 February 2009

In recent years, there has been an increased interest in Europe and in the USA in grafting watermelon onto bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl. In this study, genetic diversity and relationships were examined [using 236 sequence-related amplified polymorphism markers] among 56 United States plant introductions (PIs) of L. siceraria and PIs of important cucurbit crops [including Cucurbita maxima Duchesne (winter squash), Cucurbita pepo L. (squash and pumpkin), Citrullus spp. (watermelon), Cucumis melo L. (melon) and Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber)]. The analysis showed that L. siceraria is distinct and has similar genetic distances to the cucurbit species examined herein. The L. siceraria PIs were assembled into two major clusters. One cluster includes groups of PIs collected mostly in South Asia (India) and a few PIs collected in the Mediterranean region and in Northeast Africa. The second cluster includes groups of PIs collected mainly in Southern Africa and in North, Central and South America, and PIs collected in China, Indonesia and Cyprus. All L. siceraria PIs in this study were susceptible to the southern root-knot nematode (RKN) [Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Sandground]. However, several PIs, among them a group of closely related PIs collected in Mexico and Florida, were less infected with southern RKNs. All L. siceraria PIs were infested with whiteflies [Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)], while several PIs were less infested than others and need further evaluation and selection for developing breeding lines that may be less appealing to this pest. Most of the PIs that showed resistance to zucchini yellow mosaic virus and tolerance to powdery mildew were collected in India and belong to the same phylogenetic groups (PGs). Experiments with L. siceraria PIs representing different PGs showed similar grafting compatibility with watermelon. Findings from this study should be useful for the development of superior L. siceraria rootstock lines with enhanced resistance to diseases and insect pests of cucurbit crops.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

R Cohen , Y Burger , C Horev , A Koren and M Edelstein (2007) Introducing grafted cucurbits to modern agriculture: the Israeli experience. Plant Disease 91: 916923.

AR Davis , P Perkins-Veazie , Y Sakata , S López-Galarza , JV Maroto , SG Lee , YC Huh , Z Sun , A Miguel , SR King , R Cohen and L Jung-Myung (2008) Cucurbit grafting. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 27: 5074.

D Decker-Walters , JE Staub , SM Chung and E Nakata (2001) Diversity in landraces and cultivars of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria: Cucurbitaceae) as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 48: 369380.

DS Decker-Walters , M Wilkins-Ellert , SM Chung and JE Staub (2004) Discovery and genetic assessment of wild bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standley; Cucurbitaceae] from Zimbabwe. Economic Botany 58: 501508.

DL Erickson , BD Smith , AC Clarke , DH Sandweiss and N Tuross (2005) An Asian origin for a 10,000-year-old domesticated plant in the Americas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102: 1831518320.

TM Fulton , R Van der Hoeven , NT Eannetta and SD Tanksley (2002) Identification, analysis, and utilization of conserved ortholog set markers for comparative genomics in higher plants. The Plant Cell 14: 14571467.

C Jeffrey (1980) A review of the Cucurbitaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 81: 233247.

A Kocyan , L-B Zhang , H Schäfer and SS Renner (2007) A multi-locus chloroplast phylogeny for the Cucurbitaceae and its implications for character evolution and classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 553577.

H Lecoq , C Desbiez , C Wipf-Scheibel and M Girard (2003) Potential involvement of melon fruit in the long distance dissemination of cucurbit potyviruses. Plant Diseases 87: 955959.

A Levi , CE Thomas , AP Keinath and TC Wehner (2001) Genetic diversity among watermelon (Citrullus lanatus and Citrullus colocynthis) accessions. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 48: 559566.

G Li and CF Quiros (2001) Sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP), a new marker system based on a simple PCR reaction: its application to mapping and gene tagging in Brassica. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103: 455461.

WF Mai and GS Abawi (1987) Interactions among root-knot nematodes and Fusarium wilt fungi on host plants. Annual Review of Phytopathology 25: 317338.

A Miguel , JV Maroto , A San Bautista , C Baixauli , V Cebolla , B Pascual , S López and JL Guardiola (2004) The grafting of triploid watermelon is an advantageous alternative to soil fumigation by methyl bromide for control of Fusarium wilt. Scientia Horticulturae 103: 917.

Y Morimoto , P Maundu , M Kawase , H Fujimaki and H Morishima (2006) RAPD polymorphism of the white-flowered gourd Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. landraces and its wild relatives in Kenya. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 53: 963974.

M Nei and W Li (1979) Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 76: 52695273.

JB Richardson III (1972) The Pre-Columbian distribution of the bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria): a re-evaluation. Economic Botany 26: 265273.

H Yetisir , ME Çaliskan , S Soylu and M Sakar (2006) Some physiological and growth responses of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai] grafted onto Lagenaria siceraria to flooding. Environmental and Experimental Botany 58: 18.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Plant Genetic Resources
  • ISSN: 1479-2621
  • EISSN: 1479-263X
  • URL: /core/journals/plant-genetic-resources
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *