Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Identification of promising sources for fodder traits in the world collection of pearl millet at the ICRISAT genebank

  • H. D. Upadhyaya (a1) (a2) (a3), K. N. Reddy (a1), Santosh K. Pattanashetti (a1), Vinod Kumar (a1) and Senthil Ramachandran (a1)...

A total of 326 pearl millet accessions selected for fodder traits from the world collection at ICRISAT genebank, India were evaluated in rainy, postrainy and summer seasons to identify promising sources for fodder yield. In rainy season, majority of accessions grew significantly tall, produced thick stems, long and broad leaves compared with postrainy and summer seasons. Total tillers per plant were significantly more in rainy and summer seasons than in postrainy season. Significant (P = 0.05) positive correlations were observed among all traits in all seasons except total tillers, which showed significant negative correlation with all other traits but for a few cases. Accessions of cluster 1 flowered early and produced more tillers per plant, while those of cluster 3 flowered late, grew tall, produced thick stems, more leaves per plant, which were long and broad. Promising sources identified include IP 11839 and IP 11840 for plant height and number of leaves per plant, IP 15710, IP 15735 and IP 15752 for stem thickness and leaf width, and IP 3628, IP 15285, IP 15288, IP 15302, IP 15342, IP 15351, IP 15290, IP 20347 and IP 20350 for total tillers per plant. Further testing of these sources of fodder traits at different locations will be very useful.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S Appa Rao , MH Mengesha and V Subramanian (1982) Collection and preliminary evaluation of sweet-stalk pearl millet (Pennisetum). Economic Botany 36: 286290.

M Ashraf and M Hafeez (2004) Thermotolerance of pearl millet and maize at early growth stages: growth and nutrient relations. Biologia Plantarum 48: 8186.

MR Escribano , M Santalla , PA Casquero and AM De Ron (1998) Patterns of genetic diversity in landraces of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Galicia. Plant breeding 117: 4956.

H Hellmers and GW Burton (1972) Photoperiod and temperature manipulation induces early flowering in pearl millet. Crop Science 12: 198200.

M Keuls (1952) The use of the ‘Studentized range’ in connection with an analysis of variance. Euphytica 1: 112122.

V Mahalakshmi , FR Bidinger and DS Raju (1987) Effect of timing of water deficit on pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum). Field Crops Research 15: 327339.

BD McIntyre , DJ Flower and SJ Riba (1993) Temperature and soil water status effects on radiation use and growth of pearl millet in a semi-arid environment. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 66: 211227.

D Newman (1939) The distribution of range in samples from a normal population expressed in terms of an independent estimate of standard deviation. Biometrika 31: 2030.

CK Ong (1983) Response to temperature in a stand of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides S&H): II. Reproductive development. Journal of Experimental Botany 34: 337348.

CK Ong and A Everard (1979) Short day induction of flowering in pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) and its effect on plant morphology. Experimental Agriculture 15: 401410.

HD Patterson and R Thompson (1971) Recovery of inter-block information when block sizes are unequal. Biometrica 58: 545554.

JR Porter (2005) Rising temperatures are likely to reduce crop yields. Nature 436: 174.

A Pucher , O Sy , II Angarawai , J Gondah , R Zangre , M Ouedraogo , MD Sanogo , S Boureima , CT Hash and BIG Haussmann (2015) Agro-morphological characterization of West and Central African pearl millet accessions. Crop Science 55: 737748.

KN Reddy , SA Rao and MH Mengesha (1996) Diversity in pearl millet germplasm from Central African Republic. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 43: 303308.

HD Upadhyaya , KN Reddy , M Irshad Ahmed , D Naresh and CLL Gowda (2012) Latitudinal variation and distribution of photoperiod and temperature sensitivity for flowering in the world collection of pearl millet germplasm at ICRISAT genebank. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization 10: 5969.

A Wald (1943) Test of statistical hypotheses concerning several parameters when the number of observations is large. Transactions of the American Mathematical Society 54: 426482.

JH Ward (1963) Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of American Statistical Association 58: 236.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Plant Genetic Resources
  • ISSN: 1479-2621
  • EISSN: 1479-263X
  • URL: /core/journals/plant-genetic-resources
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Type Description Title
Supplementary Materials

Upadhyaya supplementary material
Tables S1-S3

 Word (23 KB)
23 KB


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 83 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 13th July 2017 - 19th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.