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The Arctic cruises of Prince Albert I of Monaco

  • Jacqueline Carpine-Lancre (a1) and William Barr (a2)

From an early age, Prince Albert I of Monaco evinced a strong fascination for the polar regions. But it was only after 1898 that he was able to mount four scientific cruises to Svalbard on his yacht, the second Princesse-Alice. The first cruise was an oceanographical and zoological reconnaissance, aimed mainly at adding to the collections of the Musée océanographique de Monaco, the construction of which had just started. In 1899, the focus was on the hydrography and topography of Raudfjorden, of which a map was published. In 1906, meteorology was added to the range of observations and surveys were pursued. The Prince also provided support for two other expeditions, that of the Norwegian, Gunnar Isachsen, to northwestern Spitsbergen, and that of the Scotsman, William Bruce, to Prins Karls Forland. The Prince's expedition in 1907 was aimed at completing the results from the previous summer. Prince Albert also lent his support, either financially, or through gifts or loans of oceanographic instruments, to numerous Arctic and Antarctic explorers. Finally, he showed a keen interest in environmental protection, especially in Svalbard. This is demonstrated by his responses to a questionnaire that Hugo Conwentz sent him in 1912.

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Albert I of Monaco. 1907a. Meteorological researches in the high atmosphere. Scottish Geographical Magazine 23 (3): 113122.

W.S. Bruce 1899. With the yachts ‘Blencathra’ and ‘Princesse-Alice’ to the Barents and Greenland Seas. Scottish Geographical Magazine 15 (3): 113126.

W.S. Bruce 1900. Spitsbergen, 1898 and 1899: voyages with H.S.H. the Prince of Monaco. Scottish Geographical Magazine 16 (9): 534550.

W.S. Bruce 1907. Prince Charles Foreland. Scottish Geographical Magazine 23 (3): 141156.

W.S. Bruce 1908. The exploration of Prince Charles Foreland, 1906–1907. Geographical Journal 32 (2): 139150.

W.S. Bruce 1913. Completion of the map of Prince Charles Foreland, Spitsbergen. Scottish Geographical Magazine 29 (11): 598599.

G. Isachsen 1907b. La mission Isachsen au Spitsberg (croisière de S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco, 1906). Annales de Géographie 16 (88): 316319.

G. Isachsen 1915. Green Harbour, Spitsbergen. Scottish Geographical Magazine 31 (1): 122.

H. Stoll 1914b. Exploration between Van Mijens Bay and Agardhs Bay (Spitsbergen). Expedition under the patronage of H.S.H. the Prince of Monaco. Scottish Geographical Magazine 30 (6): 298300.

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Polar Record
  • ISSN: 0032-2474
  • EISSN: 1475-3057
  • URL: /core/journals/polar-record
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